From Hunters and Gatherers to Farmers

From Hunters and Gatherers to Farmers

From Hunters and Gatherers to Farmers Stone Age Gets its name from the tools people made of stone. Began with the first tool making hominids about 2 million years ago. It lasted until 3000 B.C.E. Stone Age

Is divided into two parts. Paleolithic Age Neolithic Age Paleolithic Age

The Old Stone Age Hunted wild animals Gathered nuts, berries, and other plants. Lived much of their lives on the open. Rarely stayed in one place very long. Neolithic Age

8000 B.C.E. Some groups had learned how to raise animals and crops for food. With this discovery the Neolithic Age or New Stone age began. People stared to settle down in one place. Shift From Hunters and Gatherers to Farmers

One of the most important advances for mankind. Paleolithic or Old Stone Age Began 2 million years ago. Early modern humans

began to develop. Often they took shelter in caves. Neolithic or New Stone Age Began when people learned to farm and produce their own

food. Eventually, they relied on farms for their food. Began around 8000 B.C.E. and ended about 3000 B.C.E. During the Neolithic Age

People could Create a stable food supply. Make Permanent shelters. Establish communities. Establish New Jobs. Begin to Trade.

This helped people to build larger cities And create the first civilizations. Creating a Stable Food Supply People learned to plant seeds and harvest crops.

Farmers learned to domesticate sheep, goats, and cattle. Agriculture Together the growing of crops and the domestication of animals is called agriculture.

Making Permanent Shelters Mud brick houses. Houses had openings high in the walls. Living in permanent shelters protected

people from the elements. People formed larger communities. Establishing Communities People were able to live in communities. Villagers worked

together to complete a task. Larger communities could also defend themselves more easily. Developing New Jobs Having a stable food supply allowed people to develop new jobs.

Farmers, weavers, basket makers, toolmakers, potters, and traders. Beginning to Trade Resources Contact with other groups Spread Ideas and


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