Forward-looking statements

Forward-looking statements

The End of the Post WWII Order Dave Sunny Sundstrom HPC Software Products and Strategy March 2016 The End of the Post WWII Computing Order Moores law Moores Law 45 years and still counting.... but we CAN now see the light at the end of the tunnel.

The Economist, Double, Double, Toil, and Trouble, March 12th, 2016 The End of the Post WWII Computing Order Moores law isnt The network is the computer Memory hierarchies All logic or computation is done on data in the registers The caches, no matter how many levels, are not formally memory Caches ONLY exist to more quickly provide data to the registers The processor does not directly address the cache SSDs and disks are not directly accessed by the processor Slow and complex I/O operations are used 5

The memory hierarchy In all computers there is a hierarchy of memory and storage Access time Level Amount (approximate, in processor cycles) Register L1 L1 cache cache

(26) 1 2 2 L2 L2 cache cache L3 cache L3 cache Memory Memory SSDs SSDs Disk

Disk (215) (218) (222) (237) (239) (241) 10 10 60 60 300 300 250,000 250,000

7,500,000 7,500,000 6 Memory is an old problem This result deserves to be noted. It shows in a most striking way where the real difficulty, the main bottleneck, of an automatic very high speed computing device lies: at the memory. Compared to the relative simplicity of CA (cf. the beginning of 11.1 and {15.6}), and to the simplicity of CC and of its code" (cf. {14.1} and {15.3}), M is somewhat impressive: The requirements formulated in 12.2, which were considerable but by no means fantastic, necessitate a memory M with a capacity of about a quarter million units! Clearly the practicality of a device as is contemplated here depends most critically on the possibility of building such an M, and on the question of how simple such an M can be made to be . J. von Neumann, First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC, University of

Pennsylvania, June 30, 1945. 7 The End of the Post WWII Computing Order Moores law isnt The interconnect is the computer Theres a reason that we started by calling it data processing Computing Operations by Energy Consumption Quiz Which requires more energy, computation or communication?

Computation is almost free relative to communication (wrt energy) Operation 64-bit integer operation Energy (pJ) 1 64-bit floating-point operation 20 256 bit on-die SRAM access

50 256 bit bus transfer (short) 26 256 bit bus transfer (1/2 die) 256 Off-die link (efficient) 500 256 bit bus transfer(across

die) 1,000 DRAM read/write (512 bits) 16,000 HDD read/write (32k bits) (106) 28nm CMOS, DDR3 9 Data growth

Better decisions, better science, need better (or more) data The growth of data: The rate exceeds Moores Law >80% of new data sources are unstructured The proportion of unstructured data is increasing 10 The End of the Post WWII Computing Order

Moores law isnt The interconnect is the computer Theres a reason that we started by calling it data processing The middle path Google DeepMind Challenge The Nature paper published on 28th January 2016, describes the technical details behind a new approach to computer Go that combines Monte-Carlo tree search with deep neural networks that have been trained by supervised learning, from human expert games, and by reinforcement learning from games of self-play. 12 The End of the Post WWII Computing Order

Moores law isnt The interconnect is the computer. Theres a reason that we started by calling it data processing. The middle path And so.. Change the storage hierarchy Move (semi-)ephemeral file or object stores from disks to a (NVM) processor address space 14 TheMachine The largest research program in HP Labs history In essence, it is a new architecture

Predicated on three high-level concepts VERY large, fabric-attached persistent memory Use of photonics for data communications Specialized semi-SoCs as compute entities See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gxn5ru7klUQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QPQ1AheNro8 15 But before the imposition of the new world order, a word from our (also my) sponsor. 16 HPE Apollo From traditional datacenters to highly specialized supercomputing

HPE Apollo 8000 HPE Apollo 6000 HPE Apollo 2000 Datacenter scale-out Familiar Form factor Small Bite sizes (1-4 Nodes) Configuration flexibility Air cooled rack scale HPC Rack Scale Efficiency Front Serviceable Purpose Built for data and compute design centers Warm water supercomputing Extreme Datacenter Scale Maximum density / performance

Practical water cooling without the risk Management / Workloads / Processors / Accelerators 17 HPE Apollo 8000 System Technologies Intelligent Cooling Distribution Unit Dry-disconnect servers 320 KW power capacity Integrated controls with active-active failover 100% water cooled components Designed for serviceability Management

infrastructure HPE iLO4 CMU, IPMI 2.0 and DCMI 1.0 Rack-level Advanced Power Manager Warm water Power infrastructure Closed secondary loop in CDU Isolated and open facility loop Up to 80kW per rack Four 30A 3-phase 380480VAC Raised Floor

Under the floor plumbing kit 18 Whos #1? Who has the most systems in the most recent HPC Top 500 List? with 155 of 500 systems, the most of any single vendor, almost 1/3 of the total! WERE #1! But. .we have not provided complete HPC solutions (hardware and software) and have been dependent on partners for delivery.

HPE HPC Software Environment Integrated software and management solutions for HPC applications Management is not a layer but a top-to-bottom set of fully integrated components Management extends above the server layer New components and interfaces are being added constantly Applications

Development Compilers, debuggers, profilers, libraries, latest GPU/FPGA development kits Libraries/runtimes MPI, math, science, fabric, graphics, etc. Workload management Schedulers, meta-schedulers, and orchestrators tightly integrated through CMU connectors, open source and commercial Resource

management Lustre w OpenZFS backend, storage management, cloud interfaces, burst buffer management, Man age ment Cluster management OS Servers/nodes Exo-server Exo-system Insight CMU, Redfish, REST API, limit-free architecture

RHEL, CentOS , SLES includes drivers iLO, BIOS, other firmware and BMCs Moni torin g iLO, Apollo Platform Manager (APM) OneView, Apollo 8000 System Manager, facility and grid interfaces. 20 The Brave New World at Short-term Complete, market focused HPC solutions

Ease-of-use Complete management including exo-system HPC community development and contribution Solutions for the Big Data/HPC mashup Longer term A new computing architecture, evidenced in TheMachine 21 Thank you [email protected]

The End of the Post-WWII Order Not only the postWorld War II order but also the postCold War order are rapidly crumbling. A radical integration of the world through high-speed information networks and modern logistics is redrawing the global geostrategic map.. Digitalization will destroy the top-down management system that emerged from the nineteenth century Power and influence will flow to those who can move quickly to exploit new sorts of network behavior. The system will require an open, democratic code of values that allows the greatest possible flow of objective information. John Kornblum Senior counselor at Noerr LLP and former U.S. ambassador to Germany May 2015 HPC does, indeed, matter .

Moores law isnt The network is the computer Lx$ Nothing is as powerful as an idea whose time has comeand some ideas time taketime The middle path WWAS16 | Confidential The End of the Post WWII Computing Order Moores law isnt The network is the computer. Theres a reason that we started by calling it data processing. The middle path

WWAS16 | Confidential

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