Figurative Language & Poetry Terms

Figurative Language & Poetry Terms

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE & POETRY TERMS SIMILES

DIRECTLY COMPARES TWO UNRELATED NOUNS USING LIKE OR AS TO BRIDGE THE CONNECTION EX. * STUCK LIKE GLUE *IM GOING TO MISS YOU

LIKE A CHILD MISSES THEIR BLANKET METAPHORS THE COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO UNRELATED

NOUNS SAYING ONE THING IS ANOTHER THING EX. *BABY, YOURE A FIREWORK *YOU WERE ROMEO *I WAS A SCARLET LETTER

ONOMATOPOEIA THE FORMATION OF WORDS THAT SOUND LIKE OR SUGGEST THE OBJECTS OR ACTIONS BEING NAMED EX.

*TICK TOCK *BANG, BANG, BANG ALLITERATION THE SAME, BEGINNING SOUND IN TWO OR MORE WORDS CLOSE TOGETHER

EX. *SAD, SONGS, SAY, SO MUCH *RUDOLPH THE RED NOSED REINDEER *WHAT A WONDERFUL WORLD

REPETITION REPEATING THE SAME WORDS OR PHRASES THROUGH A SONG OR POEM TO CREATE A RHYTHM OR SET A MOOD EX.

*WE TALK ABOUT. *LIKE A BOSS. PERSONIFICATION THE ASSIGNMENT OF HUMAN TRAITS TO THINGS, COLORS, QUALITIES, AND IDEAS

EX.*AND THE SHADOW OF THE DAY, WILL EMBRACE THE WORLD IN GRAY. *THIS TOWN IS COLDER NOW, I THINK ITS SICK OF US. *HIP HOP JUST DIED THIS MORNING, AND SHES DEAD.

HYPERBOLE USING EXAGGERATION TO MAKE A POINT EX. *HER EYES, HER EYES, MAKE THE STARS LOOK LIKE THEYRE NOT

SHINING. *TODAY WAS A FAIRY TALE, YOUVE GOT A SMILE THAT TAKES ME TO ANOTHER PLANET. IMAGERY CREATING A MENTAL PICTURE

EX. *IF I DIE YOUNG, BURY ME IN SATIN. LAY ME DOWN ON A BED OF ROSES. SINK ME IN THE RIVER, AT DAWN. *HER TEARS ARE LIKE DIAMONDS ON THE FLOOR

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=8_QVhoLl_9U ASSIGNMENT * LOOK AT THE LYRICS FOR EACH OF

THE FOLLOWING SONGS * COPY, PASTE, & LABEL EXAMPLES FROM THE LYRICS OF EACH OF THE 8 FORMS OF FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE / POETIC DEVICES THAT YOU HAVE IN YOUR NOTES. * EACH SONG MAY ONLY BE USED ONCE

* EACH TERM MAY ONLY BE USED ONCE You Lie One Thing The Band Perry One Direction

Our Song Taylor Swift Just the Way You Are

Bruno Mars The House that Built Me Miranda Lambert Hoe Down Throw Down

Miley Cyrus Fireflies Bleeding Love Owl City

Leona Lewis OXYMORON A FIGURE OF SPEECH IN WHICH TWO CONTRADICTORY TERMS APPEAR IN

CONJUNCTION WITH EACHOTHER EX. *NUMB SENSATION *PLASTIC GLASSES *STUDENT TEACHER

USING INK - ADD EACH WORD TO THE BOTTOM OF A BOX ON YOUR OXYMORON BINGO CARDS *COPY*SWEET*TIGHTS*MOVIN G*

*MILLIONAIRE*NEGATIVE*DOG* *MISUNDERSTOOD*SHRIMP*EN D* *PIECE*RIBS*NEWS*GRIEF*WA R* EUPHEMISM

A WORD OR SERIES OF WORDS WHICH REPLACES SAD, UNPLEASANT, OR SHOCKING IDEAS WITH SOFTER AND NICER EXPRESSIONS EX. *A FEW SANDWICHES SHORT OF A PICNIC

*NATURE CALLS THE EUPHEMISM SONG http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=blue+man+grou p+euphemism&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=blue+man+gro up+euphemism&sc=1-24&sp=-1&sk=#view=detail&m

id=07809AE948BA5805637607809AE948BA58056376 ALLUSION A BRIEF & INDIRECT REFERENCE TO A PERSON, PLACE, OR THING, IN HISTORY, RELIGION, LITERATURE, POP CULTURE, OR THE ARTS. IT DOES

NOT DESCRIBE IN DETAIL THE PERSON OR THING TO WHICH IT REFERS. IT IS JUST A PASSING COMMENT, & THE WRITER EXPECTS THE READER TO POSSESS ENOUGH KNOWLEDGE TO SPOT THE ALLUSION & GRASP ITS IMPORTANCE IN A TEXT.

EXAMPLES OF ALLUSION I WAS SURPRISED HIS NOSE WAS NOT GROWING LIKE PINOCCCHIOS. (REFERS TO A PUPPET NAMED PINOCCHIO WHOSE NOSE

WOULD GROW EVERY TIME HE TOLD A LIE - FROM THE ADVENTURES OF PINNOCHIO BY CARLO COLLODI) WHEN SHE LOST HER JOB SHE ACTED LIKE A

SCROOGE. (REFERS TO THE SCROOGE IN CHARLES DICKENS BOOK, A CHRISTMAS CAROL. THE SCROOGE WAS AN EXTREMELY STINGY CHARACTER.)

HE WAS A REAL ROMEO WITH THE LADIES. (REFERS TO A CHARACTER IN SHAKESPEARES PLAY, ROMEO AND JULIET. HE WAS VERY ROMANTIC IN EXPRESSING HIS

LOVE FOR JULIET.) Building Background For an allusion to be effective, it must refer to an event that the audience is familiar with. Watch this video to see a popular sequence in a film that is

often alluded to in other films. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=532j-186xEQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bZTOV-55iv M https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M 9kd7JXKHfM

COLLOQUIALISMS WORD, PHRASE, OR OTHER FORM USED IN EVERYDAY INFORMAL LANGUAGE *INCORPORATES CONTRACTIONS SUCH AS ILL, HAVENT, AND DOESNT

*INCORPORATES ABBREVIATIONS SUCH AS FRIDGE, TV, AND HOOD *A MAJOR ASPECT IS THE USE OF IDIOMS AND SLANG IDIOMS PHRASE OF FIXED EXPRESSION

THAT HAS A FIGURATIVE, OR SOMETIMES LITERAL, MEANING. ___________________________________ AN IDIOMS FIGURATIVE MEANING IS DIFFERENT FROM THE LITERAL MEANING. EX. *RAINING CATS AND DOGS

* WHEN THE FAT LADY SINGS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9DxGe94uoc SLANG *VERY INFORMAL WORDS OR PHRASES THAT ARE USUALLY RESTRICTED TO A CERTAIN

GROUP OF PEOPLE *SOME CONVEY NEGATIVE CONNOTATIONS & CAN BE OFFENSIVE EX. DUDE, PEEPS, BAE, FLEEK http

://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=ENGLISH+SLANG+VIDEO&FORM=HDRSC3 #view=detail&mid=4D5047DFEC6884659BB04D5047DFEC6884659BB0 JARGON SPECIALIZED LANGUAGE AND TERMINOLOGOY ASSOCIATED WITH A PARTICULAR

OCCUPATION EX. JARGON FROM COMPUTERRELATED FIELDS WOULD BE WORDS SUCH AS INTERFACE, BLOG, & USER-FRIENDLY http://www.tvguide.com/news/greys-anatomy-starsmedical-jargon-quiz-kevin-mckidd-jessica-capshaw/ ?rss=tv-hotlist&partnerid=spi&profileid=09

Students take Major assessment over first 16 terms and examples of each. S.S.W.

(SUSTAINED SILENT WRITING) 1. YOUR STORY MUST CONTAIN AN EXAMPLE OF 10 OF THE 16 FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE / POETIC DEVICES THAT WE HAVE COVERED. 2. THE 10 EXAMPLES THAT YOU USE, CANNOT BE THE EXAMPLES I GAVE YOU IN YOUR NOTES. 3. YOU NEED TO UNDERLINE & LABEL THE

EXAMPLES IN YOUR STORY. 4. THE EXAMPLES YOU USE NEED TO FIT COMFORTABLY INTO YOUR STORY. HYPERBOLE ALLITERATION EUPHEMISM COLLOQUIALISM METAPHOR IMAGERY,

ONOMATOPOEIA ALLUSIONJARGON OXYMORON IDOIOM SLANG PERSONIFICATION REPETITION SIMILE PUN

This assignment is narrative .This story is to be a rescue story. It will involve at least these two characters: Someone in danger- needing rescue.

A rescuer - the hero who tries to save the day. Do your best to capture the readers attention and create suspense. Your classmates have tied up the substitute and taken her hostage. An fisherman is lost at sea after a storm. A bank robber is trapped in the vault he had been trying to rob.

A rich mans daughter is held captive by kidnappers. A lone mountain climber hangs off a cliff by his fingertips. A soldier in a bunker is surrounded by the enemy. A hamster is in a pet store cage. A vacationing family has run out of gas in the desert. A skier is buried under an avalanche. An astronauts tether has broken during a spacewalk.

Etc.. APHORISM A STATEMENT OF TRUTH OR OPINION EXPRESSED IN A CONCISE AND WITTY MANNER AN ADAGE IS JUST AN APHORISM THAT GETS

PASSED THROUGH HISTORY AS A REGULAR PART OF THE EX. *YOU DONT GET SOMETHING FOR NOTHING. *WHERE THERES A WILL, THERES A WAY. *YOU CANT TEACH AN OLD DOG NEW

TRICKS. https://www.youtube.com/watc h?v=fjlNFtmty3A CLICH EXPRESSION, IDEA, OR ELEMENT OF

AN ARTISTIC WORK WHICH HAS BECOME OVERUSED TO THE POINT OF LOSING ITS ORIGINAL MEANING OR EFFECT, EVEN TO THE POINT OF BEING IRRITATING EX. *THE ACORN DOESNT FALL

FAR FROM THE TREE *AN APPLE A DAY KEEPS THE DOCTOR AWAY *AT THE CRACK OF DAWN YOU SHOULD AVOID CLICHES LIKE THE

PLAGUE!!!!! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJhH5EgpkPU RECOGNIZE THESE ? *THE DREAM *THE HAPPILY EVER AFTER

*THE HELPLESS PRINCESS *THE CAR NEVER STARTS *NO RECEPTION ON THE CELL PHONE *CANT RUN AWAY WITHOUT FALLING DOWN *THE BAD GUY NEVER DIES

*ETC.. SYMBOLISM A FIGURE OF SPEECH WHERE AN OBJECT, PERSON, OR SITUATION HAS ANOTHER MEANING OTHER THAN THE LITERAL MEANING

EX. *WITH THIS RING, I THEE WED.. *SUPERMAN IS THE ICONIC MAN OF STEEL. *PRINCE CHARLES WAS BORN TO THE PURPLE.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhijmmePlU8 VOWELS *A, E, I, O, AND U. SOMETIMES THE LETTER Y IS CONSIDERED A VOWEL, BECAUSE IT CAN SOUND LIKE OTHER VOWELS.

*UNLIKE CONSONANTS, EACH OF THE VOWEL LETTERS HAS MORE THAN ONE TYPE OF SOUND OR CAN EVEN BE SILENT. ASSONANCE REPETITION OF A PATTERN OF

SIMILAR VOWEL SOUNDS TO CREATE INTERNAL RHYMING WITHIN PHRASES OR SENTENCES. IT IS ALSO CALLED VOWEL RHYME. EX. *DO YOU LIKE BLUE?

*HE RECEIVED THREE EMAILS TODAY. O,OW,OA EE, IE, EA

http:// www.bing.com/videos/search?q=ASSONANCE&FORM=HDR SC3#view=detail&mid=9C134158015BAB5C73029C13415 CONSONANTS *A SPEECH SOUND THAT IS NOT A VOWEL.

*A, E, I, O, U, AND SOMETIMES Y ARE NOT CONSONANTS CONSONANCE REPETITION OF THE SAME CONSONANT SOUNDS TWO OR MORE

TIMES IN SHORT SUCCESSION. (INTERNAL OR AT THE END) EX.*SHELLY SELLS SHELLS BY THE SEASHORE. *DRESS AND BOSS *SLITHER AND LATHER

*LAUGHED AND DEFT https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZUrxG8APyiI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=85PKusqduBY ANAPHORA (ALSO CALLED EPANAPHORA)

REPETITION OF A WORD OR WORDS AT THE BEGINNING OF TWO OR MORE SUCCESSIVE VERSES, CLAUSES, OR SENTENCES. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMezcWFW8ss

EPISTROPHE THE REPETITION OF A WORD AT THE END OF SUCCESSIVE CLAUSES OR SENTENCES. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-RP19fnff_c

USING YOUR DEVICES OR THE COMPUTERS, COME UP WITH ONE EXAMPLE OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING TERMS THAT WE COVERED LAST WEEK. THESE EXAMPLES CAN BE IMAGES OR TEXT. YOUR EXAMPLES CANNOT BE THE EXAMPLES I GAVE YOU LAST WEEK. YOUR EXAMPLES MUST BE LABELED, AND YOU MUST HIGHLIGHT ON 5-8. 1. APHORISHM

2. ADAGE 3. CLICH 4. SYBOLISM (& TELL WHAT YOUR EXAMPLE SYMBOLIZES) 5. EPISTROPHE (HIGHLIGHT) 6. ASSONANCE (HIGHLIGHT) 7. CONSONACNE (HIGHLIGHT) 8. ANAPHORA (HIGHLIGHT)

9. EPIGRAPHS - a short quotation or saying at the beginning of a book or chapter, intended to suggest its theme --- ALSO ADD TO YOUR NOTES!!! THERE IS A TEST OVER ALL OF THESE THIS FRIDAY!!!!!! YOU WILL NEED TO KNOW THE DEFINITIONS & BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY AN EXAMPLE OF EACH!

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