Ethos, Logos, Pathos

Ethos, Logos, Pathos

Warm-Up: Graded Warm-Up: Choose a famous historical woman (such as an athlete, a biblical figure, scientist, etc.) Write a paragraph from her point of view as if she, too, were presenting in yesterdays debate. Be sure to use claims, counterclaims, all four persuasive techniques, and to stay true to her character! YOUR HOMEWORK IS NOT THE WARM-UP.

THE ART OF PERSUASION Review Logos Logical appeal Facts and figures support the

topic CAUTION: Ensure information is accurate and makes sense Pathos Appeal to audiences emotions

Most effective when speaker agrees with values of reader/ audience CAUTION: Powerful, but wont completely carry a speech Ethos Appeal to honesty/ authority of

speaker Demonstrates your credibility on the topic CAUTION: You must build your audiences trust Mythos:

Appeal to the need for human interaction/ community Draws upon common knowledge CAUTION: Not everyone will jump on the bandwagon or understand the reference. Evaluating Speeches:

SOAPSTone Technique Speaker Occasion Audience Purpose Subject

Tone SOAPSTone These Sample Speeches: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=42VrY zGYgKc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXGU NvIFTQw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPfjHD 0yXQw Common Rhetorical Devices Sound Alliteration

Assonance Onomatopoeia Adds poetic melody; make speech enjoyable to hear

Repetition Anaphora repetition of the same word at the beginning of successive sentences Epistrophe/Epiphora repetition of the same word at the end of successive sentences

Parallel Structure sentences or sentence parts have a similar structure Used to add emphasis and connect ideas Figurative Language Personification Simile Metaphor Changes meaning; adds a

narrative quality Other Common Rhetorical Devices Loaded Language using specific diction (word choice) to incite emotion Rhetorical Question speaker asks

a question but does not expect a response; used to make the reader reflect Practice: Identify the Rhetorical Device 1. That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. - Obama 2. Now the trumpet summons us again a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle. - JFK

3. Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia. Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee. - MLK Works Cited A General Summary of Aristotles Appeals. 14 November 2012. Web. http://courses.durhamtech.edu/perkins/aris.html Dlugan, Andrew. Ethos, Pathos, Logos: Three Pillars of Public Speaking. 14 November 2012. Web. "Persuasion". Business Dictionary. Retrieved 9 May

2012. Seiter, Robert H. Gass, John S. (2010). Persuasion, Social Influence, and Compliance Gaining (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. pp. 33. ISBN 0-205-69818-2. Now Apply It!

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