DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION Sarah Gavin & Wendy Alston Middle Gregg School: 6 7 Grade th Writing th MISSION AND VISION Mission: Dorchester School District Two leading the way, every student, every day, through relationships, rigor, and relevance. Vision: Dorchester School District Two desires to be recognized as a World Class school district, expecting each
student to achieve at his/her optimum level in all areas, and providing all members of our district family with an environment that permits them to do their personal best. USING GRAFFITI WALLS GRAFFITI WALL/ GALLERY WALK Graffiti Walls are a part of the classroom, usually a very large sheet of paper, a whiteboard or chalkboard, where students engage in a written discussion. The purpose of the Graffiti Wall strategy is to help students hear each others ideas. Some benefits of this strategy are that it can be implemented in 5-10 minutes. It provides a way for shy students to engage in a
conversation. GRAFFITI WALL/ GALLERY WALK CONT It provides a record of students ideas and questions that can be referred to at other points during the lesson (or even later in the unit or year. It provides space and time for students to process emotional material in the classroom and reflect on their own thoughts as well as the thoughts of others. HOW TO IMPLEMENT A GRAFFITI WALL IN YOUR CLASSROOM Divide the class into groups of 3 or 4, and give each
group a sheet of poster paper and markers. Assign each group a different chunk of the learning to summarize in graffiti from (pictures, symbols, graphics). When groups have finished, display all the posters side by side along a wall of the classroom. Then have the groups do a gallery walk to view and discuss what they see on the graffiti wall. ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION IDEAS Graffiti walls can be used as a preview or warm- up activity to introduce a new topic or to help students organize prior knowledge about content they are about to study.
This strategy can also be used to help students share reactions to texts as preparation for a class discussion, writing assignment, or another project. Great way to check for understanding! THE SUPPLIES YOULL NEED Paper Markers Tape Set time limit Be sure to monitor Label each paper with a topic or question. Great for all content areas! USING A NOTE CARD MINGLE NOTECARD MINGLE SUPPLIES
Note Card mingle is a fantastic and fast way to assess the prior knowledge your students have regarding a particular subject or concept. It allows students to talk and share ideas with each other in a safe and risk-free environment. Supplies needed: Note Cards (One for each student) Pens/ Markers HOW IT WORKS Hand out note cards to every student. At this time, have your students respond to a question, your previous lesson whatever you want to students to discuss. Allow about three minutes for the students to respond on their note cards.
Instruct the class that they are to mingle with each other. Share their written responses with a partner (groups no more than 2). Students must remember to actively listen, maintain eye contact and give feedback. Also, inform students that they are also welcome to steal an idea or information from someone else and write it on their own cards. NOTECARD MINGLE CONT When finished sharing with their partner, individuals should mingle with others, and repeat the mingling process. Participants should not forget to give credit to previously stolen ideas, if any. Allow ten to fifteen minutes for mingling. Finish with a whole class discussion sharing the students new learning. It would be a great idea if the teacher took brief notes and reiterate at the end of the discussion the information shared, or the teacher can ask
everyone to pay attention throughout the whole-class discussion for reoccurring themes or patternsor to even summarize the discussion. R.A.F.T. = Role of the Writer Audience Format Topic WHAT IS RAFT? RAFT is a writing strategy that helps students understand their role as a writer, the audience they will address, the varied formats for writing, and the topic they'll be writing about. By using this strategy, teachers encourage students to write creatively, to consider a topic from a different perspective, and to gain practice writing for different
audiences. WHY SHOULD WE USE R.A.F.T.S It includes writing from different viewpoints. It helps students learn important writing skills such as audience, main idea, and organization. It can be used across all content areas Its good for gifted learners since it gives them a
choice and a chance to do what they want. The time it takes to complete and implement varies. (It all depends if you want you want the out come to be.) It teaches students to think creatively about writing by responding to the following prompts that are more similar to what they will see outside of the classroom: WHEN, HOW, AND WHAT IS NEEDED TO USE R.A.F.T.S: se it: u o t When Before reading/the unit How
to u se it : During reading /the unit After reading/the unit Individually As an assessment With small groups Whole class setting As a summative assessment What is needed: Paper Pencil or Pen
R.A.F.T. Organizer Background Knowledge Example of one completed Rubric As a pre-assessment IMPLEMENTATION: 1. Step one: Explain to the students how all writers have to consider various aspects before every writing assignment including role, audience, format, and topic. Tell them that they are going to structure their writing around these elements. (It may be helpful to display the elements on chart paper or a bulletin board for future reference). 2.
Step two: Display a completed RAFTs example on the overhead, and discuss the key elements as a class. 3. Step three: Then, demonstrate, model, and "think aloud" another sample RAFTs exercise with the aid of the class. Brainstorm additional topic ideas, and write down the suggestions listing roles, audiences, formats, and strong verbs associated with each topic. IMPLEMENTATION CONTINUED: 4. Step four: Assign students to small, heterogeneous groups of four or five or pairs and have them "put their heads together" to write about a chosen topic with one RAFTs assignment between them. 5. Step five: Circulate among the groups to provide assistance as needed. Then have the groups share their completed
assignments with the class. 6. Step six: After students become more proficient in developing this style of writing, have them generate RAFTs assignments of their own based on current topics studied in class. ASSESSMENT/EVALUATION IDEAS: Review and assess the childrens final writing project. Older students might benefit from being given a specific rubric that will show the exact expectations and scoring method of the project (see attached).
Final projects should be shared. Have an authors celebration for students to share their work with peers and/or parents, post online, display in the classroom or library, or share work with another class. Ideas to make the R.A.F.T. activity: Math Example: RAFTs Example for Language Arts Role Audience Format Topic
Huck Finn Jim Letter What I Learned on the Trip Billy Colman Family Eulogy My Love for Little Ann and Old Dan Comma
Sentences Thank You Note Glad I Could Be of Service Prepositional Phrase Author Juliet Self Diary
My Short Romance Grendl Beowulf Letter You Need to See My Side of the Story Persuasive Speech How I Can Help You Express Yourself Social Studies RAFT Example: You can keep it the same for a
certain outcome Role Audience Format Topic President Franklin D. His wife, Eleanor Roosevelt Friendly Letter Roosevelt
Why I issued Executive Order 9066 Neighbor of a Japanese American family An uncle in New York City Friendly Letter What I think about the situation with the Japanese Americans Young Japanese American girl or boy
Future generations of Americans Friendly Letter Why people should be judged on their merit, not their race, religion, or the way they look. Guard at an internment camp Writing in a personal diary Friendly Letter Describing daily life in
the internment camps Social Studies RAFT Assignment in a different format (with the rubric): To complete a RAFT Assignment you are expected to write from the point of view of a historical character. It is important that you include historically accurate details to help the reader better understand your character, write clearly, strive for creativity, and pay attention to the format. Answer the following to help you plan your writing: R-ole: Which role from the historical past will you play? A-udience:Who will you be writing to? [This relates to the format below and you have many choices. You could write to yourself in a diary entry, the public in a speech or newspaper article, a loved one in a letter or poem, etc.] F-ormat:What type of format or writing style will you use? (Remember you can write a song, newspaper article, journal entry, letter, public speech, or poem.) T-opic:What important event will you be writing about? [Think about the most significant times in your character's life.] You may include an illustration that you draw or paste into the document. RAFT Rubric
10 5 0 Content Exhibits knowledge of the history, includes important facts and information. Exhibits some knowledge of the material. No historical
facts included or major historical inaccuracies. Writing Technique Uses proper punctuation, spelling, grammar, and sentence structure. Some mistakes. Displays a lack of attention for rules of formal
writing. Creativity Displays originality, creativity and thoughtfulness. Some attempts at creativity. Predictable, little creativity. NECESSARY ACCOMMODATIONS: This strategy is great for differentiation and scaffold due to their
flexible format: teachers (and students) can develop any number of possible RAFTs based on the same text that can be adjusted for skill level and rigor. For example: A teacher can scaffold the RAFT activity as well by having the students work in certain groups or the teacher can assign a certain aspects of the RAFT and only allow the students to choose one of the aspects. The RAFTs strategy can be used as a prewriting strategy and/or as a strategy for helping students prepare for a small or large group discussion.
ESOL: Use more visual options for them to create such as a comic stripe or diagram GREAT WEBSITES FOR IDEAS AND MORE! http://wvde.state.wv.us/strategybank/RAFT.html http://www.readwritethink.org/professional- development/strategy-guides/using-raft-writingstrategy-30625.html http://flesolcobbcentral.typepad.com/files/raft- elem-ex.pdf WHAT STUCK WITH YOU TODAY? A great quick warm-up or
closure activity. WHAT STUCK WITH YOU OR WHAT QUESTIONS DO YOU HAVE? What is this activity? This activity is a quick fun way for the students to share what they know and ask questions When can I use this activity? At the beginning of the class as review At the end of class as closure During the lesson to
check for understanding WHAT STUCK WITH YOU OR WHAT QUESTIONS DO YOU HAVE? Why should I use this activity? This activity is designed to give the students an opportunity to show/tell you what they know/remember from the lesson. It also allows students that are shy or concerned about asking a question out loud in front of their peers a chance to ask the questions anonymously. It is a good way to reflect on
your teaching and to see what questions you still need to address or reteach. What do you need for this activity? You will need a hard surface (wall, door, or a parchment paper that is pinned up.) The area needs to be enough space for the students to walk around and post things on it. Sticky notes Students will need
pencils or pencils. SESSION EVALUATION Participants are asked to complete a session evaluation for each session attended. Credit (attendance, renewal, and/or technology) will be added following evaluation completion. For each question, use 1=Strongly Disagree, 2=Disagree, 3=Neither Agree nor Disagree, 4=Agree, 5=Strongly Agree. Your responses will assist us in planning future professional development in Dorchester School District Two. 1) The instructor was well prepared for the workshop. 2)
The materials for the workshop were appropriate. 3) The concepts presented were appropriate to my job. 4) I will benefit from attending this session. 5) I would recommend this training to others. CONTACT INFORMATION Sarah Gavin 7th Grade Writing [email protected] sc.us
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