Elements of a Story - Alvin Independent School District
Elements of a Story Interactive Notebook What every story needs: Plot Theme Characters Setting
Conflict What is plot? Plot concerns the organization of the main events of a work of fiction. Most plots will trace some process of change in which characters are caught up in a conflict that is eventually resolved. Plot Diagram Climax 3 Rising Action Exposition
1 2 Falling Action 4 Resolution 5 1. Exposition This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Here the characters, conflict and point of view are introduced. We also learn about the
setting of the story. This section also presents other facts necessary to understanding the story Important Parts of the Exposition Setting Time: Day, Night, Year, Futuristic Place School, park, home City, state, planet Characters Protagonist: The main character; the hero
Antagonist: The character who is in conflict with the protagonist in some way; the bad guy Static: Character stays the same Dynamic: Character changes in some way Point of View 1st person This is where the story is told through a main character's eyes. The story is told using 1st person personal pronouns such as I, me, we, or us.
one must ignore the dialogue of characters (indicated by quotation marks) and solely focus on narration, otherwise one is not analyzing the narrators point of view. Point of View 2nd Person you are the agent, such as in this example: you walked down the stairs. Ex : If You give a kid a cupcake If you give a mouse a cookie Nonfiction- Directions or Instructions Step by Step Point of View
3rd Person Objective- the narrator tells a third-persons story (he, she, him, her), but the narrator only describes characters behavior and dialogue. The narrator does not reveal any characters thoughts or feelings. 3rd person limited limited to the internal workings of one character. In other words, the narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of one character through explicit narration. As with objective narration, readers may be able to infer characters thoughts and feelings based on the behaviors and dialogue of those characters, which are narrated, but the narrator also directly reveals the central characters internal
perspective. Point of View 3rd person omniscient This is where the narrator is not a character in the story and is "all-knowing" . This type of narrator can read every character's feelings, motives, and thoughts. 2. Rising Action The rising action includes all the events that lead to the climax. It also presents some type of conflict Conflict The struggle between two forces in the story. Conflict provides interest, suspense, and tension.
There are 4 types -Character vs. Character * two or more characters have a problem -Character vs. Nature * characters have to fight against a force of nature. Ex/ storm, disease -Character vs. Society *character fights against rules of society. Ex/ a character fights racism -Character vs. Self * The character is dealing with an internal struggle. Usually moral ex/ Tom Sawyer doesnt know if he should testify in court against Injun Joe
3. Climax The high point. This is the turning point of the story. Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict. The main character will change in some way. 4. Falling Action All loose ends of the plot are tied up. The conflict(s) and climax are taken care of. 5. Resolution The story
comes to a reasonable ending. Putting It All Together 1. Exposition 2. Rising Action 3. Climax Beginning of Story Middle of Story 4. Falling Action 5. Resolution
End of Story A Quick Quiz 1. A STATIC character a. Remains the same at the end of the story b. Changes by the end of the story c. Is the main character 2. The main character of the story is: a. The antagonist b. The protagonist c. The exposition 3. The part of the story that ties up all the loose ends and takes care of the conflict
a. The climax b. The falling action c. The resolution 4. The setting is made up of: a. b. c. d. Protagonist and antagonist Place and characters Time and Place Static and Dynamic ANSWERS
1. 2. 3. 4. A B B C Test your plot knowledge! The 3 Little Pigs We will now watch a short version of the story to refresh your memory. After you will need to answer questions about the plot, characters, and setting.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5hI9U 19-m0 Check It CLIMAX: decides to CLIMAX:Wolf Wolf decides to sneak down the chimney to get sneak down the chimney to get the pigs. the pigs. Event #5
Event #5 Event #4 Event #4 The Big Bad Wolf tires The Big Bad Wolf tires several times, but he cant several times, but he cant blow down brick house. blow down brick house. Big Bad Wolf blows the stick Big Bad Wolf blows the stick house down and Pig #1 and #2 house down and Pig #1 and #2
escape to Pig # 3s house. escape to Pig # 3s house. Event #3 Event #3 Event #2 Event #2 Big Bad Wolf blows Big Bad Wolf blows the straw house down the straw house down and pig #1 escapes to and pig #1 escapes to Pig #2s house. Pig #2s house.
Pig #1 builds a house of straw, Pig #1 builds a house of straw, Pig #2 builds a house of sticks, Pig #2 builds a house of sticks, and Pig # 3 builds a house of and Pig # 3 builds a house of bricks. bricks. Event #1 Event #1 The pigs come across a The pigs come across a beautiful clearing they think beautiful clearing they think will be a perfect spot to build
will be a perfect spot to build their homes. their homes. EXPOSITION: EXPOSITION:Three Three little pigs leave home to little pigs leave home to find adventure in the big find adventure in the big world. world. Wolf falls into boiling Wolf falls into boiling
pot of soup. pot of soup. RESOLUTION: Big RESOLUTION:The The Big Bad Wolf is so scared of the 3 Bad Wolf is so scared of the 3 Pigs that he runs off in the Pigs that he runs off in the woods never to be seen again. woods never to be seen again. The 3 little pigs live happily ever The 3 little pigs live happily ever
after. after. What is the setting? The beautiful clearing where the 3 Little Pigs build their homes Time: Not exactly known. The time their mother thought it was appropriate they leave the home Who is the Protagonist? Pig # 3 Who is the Antagonist? The Big Bad Wolf What is the point of view? 3rd person omniscient
What is the type of conflict? Character vs. Character
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