Electron Configuration Notes

Electron Configuration Notes

Electron Energy Level Notes Purpose of Lesson learn the structure of atomic orbitals because they are basic to chemical bonding.

Starting Question Make a Venn diagram comparing the Rutherford model of the atom with the Bohr Model and the quantum orbital model.

Starting Question How is preparing for a quiz similar to preparing for an athletic competition?

Electron Energy Level Notes Electrons do not travel around the nucleus of an atom in orbits They are found in energy levels at different distances away from the nucleus. (kind of like shells or layers) They cannot exist between energy levels

(just like the rungs of a ladder). Electron Energy Level Notes Energy levels are broken up into sublevels: There are at least 4 possible types of sublevelsgiven labels: s, p, d, or f Only a certain number of electrons may

exist in an energy level, but the number varies. It can be determined by: # of electrons in level = 2 n2 Electron Energy Level Notes

Therefore: energy level 1 = 2 (1)2 = 2 energy level 2 = 2 (2)2 = 8 energy level 3 = 18

energy level 4 = 32 etc... Electron Energy Level Notes In each energy level, electrons fill sublevels in a certain order Level 1: only has one s sublevel (a spherical shape)

2 electrons may fit in this sublevel--each one has an opposite spin, allowing them to take up the same space Pauli exclusion principleno more than 2 electrons may be found in the same orbital (orbital means a particular location) s-Orbital Image

Electron Energy Level Notes Level 2:

has two sublevels: s and p 2 electrons in s there are 3 different p orbitals, and may hold 2 electrons each6 total. total of 8 overall in Level 2 p-Orbital Image

Electron Energy Level Notes Level 3:

has 3 sublevels: s, p, and d 2 electrons in s 6 electrons in p there are 5 different d orbitals, and 2 electrons can fit in eachtotal of 10. total of 18 d-orbital notes

Electron Orbitals Electron Energy Level Notes

Level 4: has 4 sublevels: s, p, d , and f 2 electrons in s 6 electrons in p

10 electrons in d 14 electrons in f (7 different orbitals for f) total of 32 Image of orbitals Electron Energy Level Notes The order that electrons fill up orbitals

does not follow the logical order of all 1s, then all 2s, then all 3s, etc. Order of Orbitals Electron Energy Level Notes An easy way to remember this is to use the periodic table--it is arranged to show

how these orbitals are filled. Order of OrbitalsPeriodic Table Electron Energy Level Notes The first rule for filling orbitals is that only one electron will be put in each orbital of a sublevel until all of them are filled, and

after that, they may be paired up until the sublevel is full. This is called Hunds rule. Quantum Model of atom The quantum model is more a concept than something you have to calculate. There are calculations, but for any atom larger than

hydrogen, these calculations are very complex. It tells us where the electrons are located around the atom and their energy level. That is important because electron location determines the behavior of the electron and the atom. Heisenburg Uncertainty Principle

You cannot know an electrons velocity and location at the same time. Determining where electron are and what they are doing is very difficult electrons act like waves and particles at the same time. They act a waves when we use them to take pictures, like light pictures.

They act like particles when they are used to move objects. We can use quantum numbers to describe four important things about the electron The principal quantum number indicates overall energy and usually indicates distance

from the nucleus. The shape of its orbital (Azemuthal quantum number) how that orbital is oriented with other orbitals (Magnetic quantum number.) Another factor is the spin of the electron (spin quantum number.)

The four quantum numbers. The first is N (Can be 1 or 2 or 3 and so on.) The second is L the azemuthal quantum number (0 to n-1) we substitute letters for the value of L 0 s, 1 p, 2 d, 3 f the magnetic quantum number is M sub L. It depends on L (goes from -L to L) Spin quantum number is M sub and has a

value of either +- 1/2 Wave Particle Duality At the level of the very small, waves are not just waves, they are also particles. In addition, at the level of the very small, particles are not just particles, they are waves.

Examples, your eyes are using the particle nature of light to see and electrons create a wave that can interfere with other electron waves to make an image.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Diapositiva 1 - WordPress.com

    Diapositiva 1 - WordPress.com

    L'INFINITO Sempre caro mi fu quest'ermo colle, e questa siepe, che da tanta parte dell'ultimo orizzonte il guardo esclude. Ma sedendo e mirando, interminati spazi di là da quella, e sovrumani silenzi, e profondissima quïete io nel pensier mi fingo,...
  • Research & The Internet

    Research & The Internet

    They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow. By...
  • THE GATES - Hickory Hammock Baptist

    THE GATES - Hickory Hammock Baptist

    The 10 Gates of Nehemiah 3 - presented by clicking your mouse for each page and point. THE GATES NEHEMIAH CHAPTER 3 The Sheep Gate v.1 The Fish Gate v.3 The Old Gate v.6 The Valley Gate v.13 The Dung...
  • Covalent Compounds

    Covalent Compounds

    1. BM compounds use prefixes in their name. These are determined by the subscripts in the formula. 1 - mono 2 - di. 3 - tri 4 - tetra. 5 - penta 6 - hexa. 7 - hepta 8 -...
  • Our Eucharistic Journey

    Our Eucharistic Journey

    Photo from St Mary's Primary School, Eltham. Support parishes, priests and parents in organising Eucharist-based events . This will work most effectively if we work together and communicate well. There are various suggestions as to how the schools can support...
  • Laura Ugolini, University of Wolverhampton

    Laura Ugolini, University of Wolverhampton

    Calibri Arial Office Theme Laura Ugolini, University of Wolverhampton PowerPoint Presentation The difference between a good fit in peace- and war-times: A soldier overwhelmed by military accoutrements: The distinctive look of new recruits Photograph of Richard England and his pals,...
  • Diagonalization


    An nxn matrix A is called diagonalizable if ?=???−1. D: nxn diagonal matrix. P: nxn invertible matrix. Is a matrix A diagonalizable? If yes, find D and P. Reference: Textbook 5.3 Application 1: growth. Application 2: linear operator
  • Mean, Median, Mode and Range SOL 5.19 If

    Mean, Median, Mode and Range SOL 5.19 If

    Mr. Tice places 5 pieces of string across his deck in order from the shortest to the longest. He then chooses the string in the middle. What measure of central tendency best represents this data?