Ekonomi Pembangunan - WordPress.com

Ekonomi Pembangunan - WordPress.com

Handbook of Development Economics World Bank Report UNDP Report Journal Journal of Development Economics Journal of Economics Journal of Political Economy Journal of Public Economics Journal of International Economics

Journal of Economic Growth Economica Journal of Development Studies Economic Journal Review of Economic Studies Econometrica Journal of Economic Theory Journal of Economic Literature Working Paper Website Google Scholars EBSCO JSTOR Garuda Dikti 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

11. Pertumbuhan dan Kemiskinan Ketimpangan dan Distribusi pendapatan Penduduk (Labor, unemployment) Urbanisasi dan Migrasi (Rural Vs Urban) Capital (Human, Physical, Social) Agriculture Vs Industries Environment International Trade (Masalah&Kebijakan) International Financial Market (Investment, aids, debt) Peran Negara (Fiscal Policy) Pembangunan dan Politik Presentasi (Substansi, Pembahasan, Penyampaian, Rekomendasi/Tindak Lanjut) 35 % Mahasiswa Dosen UTS UAS Paper 50 % 50 %

15 % 15 % 35 % Presentasi Substansi Pembahasan Rekomendasi / Tindak lanjut TEORI TOKOH POKOK PIKIRAN Klasik Adam Smith Dalam buku An Inquiry Into The Principle and Causes of The Wealth of Nation menyatakan bahwa: Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dipengaruhi oleh 3 faktor: Pertumbuhan GDP (dipengaruhi oleh sumber daya alam yang tersedia, jumlah penduduk, persediaan barang modal) Pertumbuhan jumlah penduduk

Adanya sistem persaingan bebas (Laissez Faire) David Ricardo Teori The Law of Diniminshing Return, yaitu : Pertumbuhan ekonomi dipengaruhi oleh: SDA yg terbatas Jumlah penduduk yg selalu berkembang Kemajuan teknologi Sektor pertanian yg dominan Thomas Robert Malthus Teori Pertumbuhan Penduduk yg menyatakan bhw pertumbuhan penduduk menurut deret ukur dan pertumbuhan ekonomi menurut deret hitung. Maksudnya adalah bahwa jumlah penduduk akan berkembang lebih cepat daripada pertumbuhan ekonomi shg mengakibatkan upah tenaga kerja menjadi sangat murah dan hanya cukup untuk biaya hidup sehari (subsistensi) KETERANGAN Menurut Richardo & Malthus, pertumbuhan ekonomi

tidak akan terjadi secara terus menerus tetapi akan mengalami suatu keadaan stagnasi/kemandekan (stationary state) TEORI Neo-Klasik TOKOH POKOK PIKIRAN Robert Sollow Pertumbuhan ekonomi dipengaruhi oleh: Pertumbuhan Penduduk (SDM) Akumulasi Modal Teknologi Modern Roy Forbes Harrod dan Evsey D. Domar (Harrod & Domar) Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dipengaruhi oleh

pertambahan modal, yang akan meningkatkan produksi dan pada akhirnya menaikkan pendapatan nasional KETERANGAN TEORI Modern TOKOH Walt Whitman Rostow POKOK PIKIRAN Dalam bukunya : The Stages of Economic Growth membagi pertumbuhan ekonomi menjadi 5 tahap, yaitu: 1. Masyarakat Tradisional 2. Pra Lepas landas 3. Lepas Landas 4. Dorongan Menuju Kedewasaan 5. Konsumsi Tinggi

KETERANGAN TEORI Austria (Historis) TOKOH POKOK PIKIRAN Werner Sombart Pertumbuhan ekonomi secara garis besar dibedakan menjadi: 1. Zaman Perekonomian Tertutup Zaman Perekonomian Desa Zaman Feodal 2. Zaman Kerajinan dan Pertumbuhan 3. Zaman Kapitalis Kapitalis Purba Kapitalis Madya Kapitalis Raya

Kapitalis Akhir Frederich List Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dibedakan menjadi: 1. Masa Berburu dan Mengembara 2. Masa Beternak dan Bertani 3. Masa Bertani dan Kerajinan Tangan 4. Masa Kerajinan, Industri dan Perniagaan Karl Bucher Pertumbuhan ekonomi dibedakan menjadi: 1. Rumah Tangga Tertutup 2. Rumah Tangga Kota 3. Rumah Tangga Bangsa 4. Rumah Tangga Dunia KETERANGAN

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