Ecology Worksheet Chapters 5 and 6 1) Name the 3 important characteristics of a population: Geographic distribution Density Growth rate 2)__________of the # of individuals per unit area.
Population density 3) What can affect population density? Species ecosystem 4) What factors can affect population size? Number of births
Number of deaths Number of individuals that enter or leave a population 5) Compare immigration and emigration. Immigration is the movement of individuals into an area and emigration is movement OUT OF an area. Immigration can cause a population to grow while emigration can
cause a population to decrease .Searching for mates ,changes in resources and food can affect both. 6) What is exponential growth? Occurs when the individuals in a population reproduce @ a constant [email protected] first they increase slowly , but eventually they increase approaching an indefinitely large sizeThis is in the
absence of predation and presence of unlimited resources 7)When will a population grow exponentially? Under ideal conditions with unlimited resources 8)What is logistic growth and how does that differ from exponential growth?
As resources become less available,the growth slows or stops.This generally is an s-shaped curve.and occurs following a time of exponential growth---Exponential growth occurs @ ideal conditions only. 9) Define carrying capacity. The largest number of individuals that a given environment can support
10) What factors may cause carrying capacity to change? Natural disasters,resources limited.. 11)Do analyzing data on p. 123 # fruit flies fruitfly pop growth 400 300
200 100 0 # rabbits 15000 # fruit flies 10000
# rabbits 5000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 days 0 1 2
3 4 5 6 7
8 2) Logistic growth in fruit fly population and exponential growth in rabbits .Limiting factors must have affected fruit fly population, but not rabbits. 3)The graph of fruit flies seems to have reached carrying capacity @ 35 days,where 320 individuals are supported. 4)w/ predators added,the rabbits would show logistic
growth,and population would slow or decrease 12. What are limiting factors and give examples. Can cause a population growth to decrease----eg.-human disturbances,drought and other climate extremes,parasitism and disease,predation,competition
13)List 3 density dependent factors and 3 density-independent factors. Density dependent:competition,predation parasitism and disease(are dependent on population) Density independent :unusual weather,natural disasters,seasonal cycles,human activities 14) How do competition and population size relate?
When populations become larger and more crowded,organisms must compete w/one another for food,water,space,sunlight,and other essential resources. 15) If an entire fox population disappears ,what is likely to happen to the rabbit population? Explosive growth
16)Do 4 and 5 from 127 4prolonged drought-could cause death from crop loss and emigration 5--- natural disasters could decrease human and other organisms populations 17-Do 1 and 3 on p.132:Do 1-5 on p.149 1-over tens of thousands of years,the human
population grew very slowly.Then , about 5oo years ago it began to grow exponentially and still increases. 3-Demography = scientific study of human populations P.149: 1-renewable resource is able to regenerate and is replaceableexample: water/nonrenewable cannot be replenished by regular processesfossil fuels, forests under the right context
2-examplemining affecting land and air 3-no one took responsibility for the resources, although it is used world wide 4-air is breathed/wetlands filter pollutants from water 5-example-selective cutting of trees 1-5 on p.156 1-one of earths greatest natural resources w/foods and medicines 2-altering habitats, extinction and introducing
foreign species can alter biodiversity 3-protecting entire ecosystems and single species 4-smaller the habitat size, the fewer the species living there 5-each habitat is unique; once destroyed or altered a habitat may be gone forever
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