E3 ESOL - helenhlng.files.wordpress.com

E3 ESOL - helenhlng.files.wordpress.com

Planning your writing Planning your writing BEFORE WE START DISCUSS THESE QUESTIONS IN A SMALL GROUP Do you ever plan your writing? Is it a good idea to plan? Why do you plan? When do you plan?

What kind of a plan do you use? When do you plan? I Most people plan their writing when it is important, for example, formal letters or job applications.

Sometimes we plan in our heads, without writing it down. Why plan? Planning helps you to Find ideas to write about Organise your ideas logically

Write in paragraphs Think about vocabulary, grammar and spelling Why plan? YOU MUST WRITE A PLAN IN YOUR WRITING EXAM. IF YOU DO NOT YOU WILL FAIL

Why plan? YOU MUST WRITE IN PARAGRAPHS IN YOUR WRITING EXAM. IF YOU DO NOT YOU WILL FAIL How do you plan? You can use a spidergraph. Put the topic in the centre.

Put your ideas coming from the centre. Use key words / ideas not sentences Each leg is a paragraph. Number your ideas to sequence your writing How do you plan? You can use a list Put the topic as a header.

Put your ideas as bullet points Use key words / ideas not sentences Each bullet point is a paragraph. Number your ideas to sequence your writing Exam planning tips You must write your plan in the space

provided. You must write your plan in English. You can plan your task how you want. For example, use a list or a spidergaph When you make a plan, you write down your ideas do not write in sentences. More information about planning Look at the information on BBC Skillswise

http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/topic/planning-your-writing planning 1 planning 2 planning 3 planning quiz Look at the examples from the trinity website at http://www.trinitycollege.com/site/?id=3240 Writing in Paragraphs Why use paragraphs? They help you to organise your ideas. They help your reader to understand

you more easily. You must use paragraphs at E3. What is a paragraph? Look at the text. How many paragraphs are there? How do you know where a new paragraph starts? Setting Out Paragraphs

1. In handwriting it is usual to indent the first line of each paragraph. 2. In typed text we do not usually indent we just leave a line. 3. Be VERY clear with your paragraphs in your exam. 4. If you forget you can add them with // (or you can write new paragraph on the page)

Writing in paragraphs 1. A paragraph is a collection of sentences with one main idea. 2. A paragraph is usually more than one sentence but sometimes one is OK. 3. A new paragraph introduces a new idea. Structure of paragraphs Most paragraphs have a similar structure:

1. A topic sentence - the first sentence introduces the idea. 2. Supporting sentences- the next sentence (or sentences) give(s) more information about the idea. 3. A closing sentence - This may repeat the topic in a different way, or express what we think or how we feel about the topic. Example:

Topic sentence I enjoy going to college for so many reasons. You get to meet new people and make friends. I find the subject Im studying quite challenging, but interesting. I really enjoy it!

Supporting sentences closing sentence Example: The sport of rugby league teaches self-discipline. For

example, players are penalised for losing their temper or arguing with the referee. This self-control is an excellent thing for any sportsman. Topic sentence Supporting

sentence closing sentence Linking paragraphs Linking words help to join our paragraphs together. For example: First, later, then, the next day

However, in addition, Helens To p Tip For paragraphs To

Topic Start a paragraph when you start a new topic To p Topic

Plac e Start a paragraph when you start a new topic Start a paragraph when you start a new place To p

Ti Topic Plac e Time Start a paragraph when you start a new topic Start a paragraph when

you start a new place Start a paragraph when you start a new time To p Ti P Topic

Plac e Start a paragraph when you start a new topic Start a paragraph when you start a new place Time

Start a paragraph when you start a new time Person Start a paragraph when you start a new person Writing task a cover letter Write a cover letter to apply for a job you would like to have.

You must write a plan You must write paragraphs You must write about a page If you find it difficult to write a page, make sure you write a detailed plan this will help you to get enough ideas.

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