Donna Witek, The University of Scranton ~ @donnarosemary

Donna Witek, The University of Scranton ~ @donnarosemary

#LVPALA Flexible Frames for Pedagogical Practice: Using the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education Donna Witek, The University of Scranton ~ @donnarosemary Lehigh Valley Chapter of the PaLA 2015 Annual Spring Conference May 28, 2015 #LVPALA Todays slides can be found at: #LVPALA

Todays Passage through Theory to Praxis 1. THEORY CRASH COURSE 2. PRAXIS with the Framework An Excursus on Learning Outcomes 3. ACTIVITY #LVPALA Theoretical Approaches to the Framework Threshold Concept Theory (TC theory) Understanding By Design (UbD, backward design) Metaliteracy Critical Information Literacy (crit IL, #critlib)

#LVPALA Threshold Concept Theory Meyer & Land (2003); Brunetti, Hofer, & Townsend (2015) core ideas and processes that define the ways of thinking and practicing for a discipline (Townsend, Brunetti, & Hofer, 2011) thresholds, liminality, stuck places, ah ha lightbulb moments Examples in practice: Miller (2015); Goodman, Godbey, & Wainscott (2015) #LVPALA Understanding by Design (UbD) Wiggins & McTighe (2005) How do we make it more likelyby our designthat

more students really understand what they are asked to learn? (Wiggins & McTighe, 2005) backward design, spiral curriculum, big ideas + enduring understandings Examples in practice: Pagowsky (2014); Houtman ( 2015) #LVPALA Metaliteracy Mackey & Jacobson (2011, 2014a, 2014b) expands the scope of traditional information skills to include the collaborative production and sharing of information in participatory digital environments (Mackey & Jacobson, 2014a) Non-linear decentered matrix of behaviors, literacy about ones own literacy, participatory environments, producers not

consumers Examples in practice: Witek & Grettano (2014); Thomas & Hodges (2015) #LVPALA Critical Information Literacy Elmborg (2006); Accardi, Drabinski, & Kumbier (2010) IL as the comprehension of an entire system of thought and the ways that information flows in that system as well as the capacity to critically evaluate the system itself (Elmborg, 2006). myth of neutrality; power structures underpinning information; information privilege Examples in practice: Pagowsky (2014); Wallis (2015) #LVPALA

Information Literacy Instruction Supported by the Framework THEORY PRAXIS #LVPALA Standards to Framework IL Standards (2000) Framework for IL (2015) Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize

when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information. Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning. Competency-based education Matrix of theories and approaches to teaching, learning, and information

#LVPALA Standards to Framework IL Standards (2000) Framework for IL (2015) 5 Standards, each with Performance Indicators and Outcomes 6 Frames, each with an IL concept, Knowledge Practices, and Dispositions Standards focus on determining an information need, and accessing, evaluating, and using information

ethically to meet that need. Frames focus on the constructed and contextual nature of authority, information creation as a process, the differing types of value placed on information, research as inquiry, scholarship as conversation, and searching as strategic exploration. IL learning outcomes are standardized and universal. IL learning outcomes are locally developed, situated, and contextualized. #LVPALA

An Excursus on Learning Outcomes Multiple learning domains behavioral (skills) cognitive (knowledge) dispositional (values/attitude) metacognitive (reflection) Multiple levels classroom-level course-level program-level institution-level See Sweet (2010) for a useful overview of writing learning outcomes for information literacy.

#LVPALA An Excursus on Learning Outcomes First-Year Writing Spring 2015 3 sections, 2 instructors, 1-shot Assignments: researched argument OR researched proposed solution to an identified problem By the end of this information literacy instruction session, students will:

Brainstorm research questions, search terms, and information types/formats related to their research topics Identify search tools that match their information need(s) Practice searching for and locating possible information sources for their research projects Use the search process as an opportunity to strategically explore their research topics and questions #LVPALA An Excursus on Learning Outcomes First-Year Writing By the end of this unit, students will: Spring 2015

Generate appropriate writing topics and research questions 3 sections, 2 instructors, 1-shot Develop effective search strategies for gathering information Assignments: researched argument OR researched proposed solution to an identified problem Gather and evaluate information in terms of both

relevance and reliability These SLOs are both course-level (WRTG 107) and program-level (FYW Program) and map back to my classroom-level SLOs. #LVPALA Implications for Practice/Praxis: We are now writing our own outcomes. Collaboration with faculty across disciplines is essential. Invitation to embrace slow learning (Mader, 2015 ), in ourselves and our students. Use the Framework to: REINTERPRET the IL work you are already doing TRANSFORM your IL work moving forward

#LVPALA ACTIVITY Divide into groups Pick a conceptual frame Authority is constructed and contextual Information creation as a process Information has value Research as inquiry Scholarship as conversation Searching as strategic exploration 5 minutes What is one example in your own IL work where this concept is already addressed?

10 minutes Practice writing learning outcomes for your conceptual frame. Pick a context (classroomlevel, course-level, programlevel, institution-level) Pick a domain (skill, knowledge, value/attitude, metacognition) #LVPALA Group Share / Q&A / Discussion / Idea Sharing Donna Witek ~ @donnarosemary [email protected] #LVPALA

References Accardi, Maria T., Emily Drabinski, and Alana Kumbier, eds. (2010). Critical Library Instruction: Theories and Methods . Duluth, MN: Library Juice Press. Brunetti, Korey, Amy R. Hofer, and Lori Townsend. (2015). Threshold Concepts and Information Literacy . Elmborg, James. (2006). Critical Information Literacy: Implications for Instructional Practice . Journal of Academic Librarianship 32.2: 192-199. Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education . (2015). Association of College and Research Libraries. Goodman, Xan, Samantha Godbey, and Sue Wainscott. (2015). Crossing the Threshold with Threshold Concepts: Redesigning a Library Instruction Plan . ACRL 2015. Houtman, Eveline. (2015). Teaching with Big Ideas: How a Late Addition to the ACRL Framework Might Make Us Rethink Threshold Concepts. ACRLog. Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education . (2000). Association of College & Research Libraries. Slide 1 of 3

#LVPALA References Mackey, Thomas P., and Trudi E. Jacobson. (2014a). Metaliteracy : Reinventing Information Literacy to Empower Learners. Chicago: ALA Neal-Schuman. ---. (2014b). Learning Objectives. Metaliteracy. ---. (2011). Reframing Information Literacy as a Metaliteracy. College & Research Libraries 72.1: 62-78. Mader, Sharon. (2015). Putting the Framework for Information Literacy into Action: Next Steps. [webinar] ACRL Presents. Meyer, Jan, and Ray Land. (2003). Threshold Concepts and Troublesome Knowledge: Linkages to Ways of Thinking and Practising within the Disciplines. Occasional Report 4. ETL Project, Universities of Edinburgh, Coventry and Durham. Miller, Sara. (2015). Information Literacy in the Disciplines: Rethinking Approaches to Student Engagement with Information Sources . Office of Faculty and Organizational Development, Michigan State University. Pagowsky, Nicole. (2014). #acrlilrevisions Next Steps. Nicole Pagowsky.

Slide 2 of 3 #LVPALA References Sweet, Chris. (2010). Writing and Refining Information Literacy Learning Outcomes. LOEX 2010. Thomas, Alison B., and Alex R. Hodges. (2015). Build Sustainable Collaboration: Developing and Assessing Metaliteracy Across Information Ecosystems. ACRL 2015 contributed paper. Townsend, Lori, Korey Brunetti, and Amy R. Hofer. (2011). Threshold Concepts and Information Literacy. portal: Libraries and the Academy 11.3: 853-869. Wallis, Lauren. (2015). A Dear John Letter to the Standards. Do-It-Yourself Library Instruction. Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. (2005). Understanding by Design. 2nd Ed. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Witek, Donna, and Teresa Grettano. (2014). Teaching metaliteracy: a new paradigm in action. Reference Services Review 42.2: 188-208.

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