Diapositiva 1 - UNECE

Diapositiva 1 - UNECE

Pollutant Release and Transfer Register GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT PERU Area Population HDI (2013) 1 285 216,20 km - Ranked 20th. 30 814 175 inhabitants. 0,7376 (82nd) High. GDP (PPP) USD 322 675 millions, Ranked 40th. Total (2012) USD 6572,645 per capita. Ecological Footprint 2.03 Hag. Ranked 77th. (2012) Amazon Rainforest 782,880.55 km, 13.05% of continental total

2nd place. INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY IN PERU companies engaged in manufacturing activities 111, 348 60% of the Manufacturing Industry concentrated in:

Manufacture of apparel, dressing and dyeing of fur (15.8%); Manufacture of furniture (15.7%); Manufacture of food products and beverages (14.6%); Manufacture of fabricated metal products except machinery and equipment (11%) More than half of domestic industry is concentrated in Lima y Callao Advances in the Management of Pollutant Release and Transfer in Peru 2005

Peru ratifies the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) 2006 Nation Plan for the Implementation of the Stockholm Convention (PNI - COP) The plan's strategy: design and implement a PRTR 2007 First national inventories: Sources and Releases of Dioxins and Furans; Polychlorinated Biphenyls; Pesticides 2008

Creation of the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM) 2009 National Environmental Police: Focus 2 Environmental Quality (the improvement of air, water and soil quality, as well as the improved management of solid waste, chemicals and hazardous materials are declared as part of environmental policy ). 2010 The institutional capacities for PRTR are evaluated and the key features of the registry are defined

2012 Development of a pilot project and validation of the electronic reporting procedure 2015 PRTR implementation begins, companies voluntarily report Priority Sectors to be included in the PRTR report Industrial Sector (Manufacturing, Fish Processing and Aquaculture )

Energy and Mining Sector (Mineral Exploitation, Smelting and Refining, Petroleum Exploitation and Refining, Gas Exploration and Production, Power Generation, Metal and Non-metal Mining) Agricultural Sector (Manufacturing, Livestock, Forestry and Logging). Housing and Construction Sector (Construction, Treatment of Drinking Water, and Treatment and Disposal of sewage). Health Sector

(Hospitals and Health Care Centers, Treatment and Final Disposal of Solid Waste, Crematoria) Defence Sector (Scrap, Bilge and Ballast Water Operations) Interior Sector (Explosives, Pyrotechnics and Elimination of Drug) List of Hazardous Materials and Chemical Substances Chemical Substances Included: substances required legally and those listed in international conventions ratified by Peru. Controlled chemical substances used in the manufacture of

drugs (IQF) are included. 200 chemical substances 12 Chemicals should be classified by their release into air, water and soil. physical and biological parameters The PRTR is open to the possibility of gradually including other

substances on list. 17 hazardous Wastes PROCEDURE DEFINITION: Simplified emissions reporting 3 Reception Authentication Evaluation 4 Storage in database

1 Calculation of pollutant release and transfer 5 Returns Printable "Proof of pollutant inventory referral " 2 Sending of inventory of

releases and transfers Interconnecting environmental information systems WebServices PRTR SIGERSOL (solid waste) INFORCARBON GHG emissions

Environmental Quality National environmental information system GOALS TO BE ACHIEVED BY 2016 PLANNING 2014 2016 02 reporting cycles implemented (2015 y 2016) 01 List of Chemical Substances revised, updated and agreed upon with the assistance of the Chemicals Substances Technical Group - GTSQ, comprising representatives from the public, private sector and civil society groups. 01 Georeferenced database of industrial establishments available to the public. 01 Ministerial resolution regulating the operation of the PRTR approved.

05 Emissions calculators are made available to industry to estimate annual concentrations of chemical substances produced by the following activities: fish meal, fish oil, canned fish, ferrous and nonferrous smelting 30 government employees trained in the administration and use of PRTR data. 05 national business organizations (unions) informed about the RETC. PLANNING 2014 2016 15 Nongovernmental Organizations use PRTR data to promote responsible environmental citizenship 1500 citizens have been directly informed about the responsible use of PRTR data. At least 200 industrial establishments have received direct technical assistance for the preparation and reporting of information to the PRTR

Information from at least 100 establishments that has been collected and verified with the participation of the appropriate environmental authority. Estimated Investment 2014 - 2016: USD $350,000.00 ACTIVITIES AND RESULTS: CITIZENS SENSITIZED 2014: Fair Access to Information Plaza San Martin - Lima The country declared December 13 as the national day of action against chemical pollution

2014: Presentation at the COP20 Sustainable Cities Pavilion , Voices for Climate ACTIVITIES AND RESULTS: TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO INDUSTRIES Training workshops for industries (Lima, Lambayeque, Ica and others) Training workshops for industries in Piura Training to Iprisco fishing industry (Ica) ACTIVITIES AND RESULTS: TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO INDUSTRIES

Training materials to industries in the calculation of emissions , with methodologies : Mass balance , emission factors , continuous monitoring, batch monitoring and engineering calculations. Activities and Results: technical assistance to industries and government staff Training emissions calculation, issued by Mexican expert CONCLUSIONS The PRTR is a very useful tool for the country to facilitate access to information on the

location of industrial establishments and pollutant release; the target audience, therefore, is the citizen, and should not be considered a tool for monitoring and control of industrial establishments. It is important to build trust among stakeholders (business, civil society, and the state) due to the multiple interests surrounding the generated information. A clear strategy should be defined to raise societys awareness about the responsible use of information released by the PRTR. The PRTR should be integrated with other systems for the registration and dissemination of environmental information in the country (monitoring networks, surveillance systems, etc.), thus achieving efficiency in environmental management. Emissions Calculators are a very useful tool to help companies to reduce their efforts to estimate pollutant releases, especially at small- and medium-enterprise level. Reporting to the PRTR should be mandatory; specific rules to determine institutional

competencies, economic activities and processes that should be reported, and reporting frequency should be developed. When disseminating information, the target audience should be taken into account and the context of the information should be clear in order to strengthen citizenship and reduce social tension that could lead to conflict. The PRTR should be implemented nationwide and should incorporate data on pollutant releases and transfers that are considered a priority for the country. The design should be focused on pollutants from fixed industrial sources. Mechanisms for the interoperability of public entities that handle similar registers aimed at companies should be establish to avoid the duplicity of effort. Thank you for your attention!

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