Developing an Effective Safety and Health Program

Developing an Effective Safety and Health Program

Developing an Effective Safety and Health Program Texas and Oklahoma 2011 Why should you have an EFFECTIVE Safety and Health Program? Purpose/Goal of Presentation The goal of my presentation is to give you some ideas on how to improve or develop the safety and health program

for your company. Cover basic concepts that should be included in a safety program Describe useful examples/suggestions Summarize the missing links to typical safety

1) developing a safety attitude 2) implementing a successful program 3) inspecting what you expectcontinuous improvement Provide a plan of action Provide resources

Components from Seminar Flyer 1. Worksite and employee involvement 2. Worksite analysis 3. Hazard prevention

4. Training Components From some Random Source 1. 2. 3. 4.

5. 6. Management Commitment and Written Plan Employee Orientation and Involvement Hazard Identification, Evaluation and Control Chemical Hazard Communication: Inventory, MSDS, Labeling OSHA Recordkeeping: OSHA 300 Logs and Form 301 Emergency Preparedness: Fire Safety Plan,

Bloodborne Pathogens Components From OSHA 1. The credibility of management's involvement in the program 2. Inclusion of employees in safety and health decisions

3. Rigorous worksite analysis to identify hazards and potential hazards, including those which could result from a change in worksite conditions or practices 4. Stringent prevention and control measures 5.

Thorough training 6. It addresses hazards whether or not they are regulated by government standards Components From William Gooding, 2008 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Commitment Statement Employee Responsibilities Specific Job Duties Training Required PPE Chemical & Material Handing Reporting Requirements Compliance Documentation Communication Hazard Assessment Accident Investigation Hazard Corrective Action

Training Recordkeeping From William Gooding, 08/2008 From OSHA From Random Source From Seminar Flyer Julie's

Commitment Statement Management Involvement Management Commitment see next item (worksite) Management Commitment/Involvement

Employee Responsibilities Inclusion of Employees Employee Orientation and Inclusion Worksite and Employee Involvement Employee Involvement Hazard Assessment Specific Job Duties

Accident Investigation Hazard Corrective Action Worksite Hazard Identification Hazard Identification Worksite Analysis PPE Chemical & Material Handing Prevention and control Measures

Training Training Required Thorough Training Employee Orientation Reporting Requirements Compliance Documentation Recordkeeping

duh! OSHA 300 Recordkeeping Communication Worksite Hazard Analysis (Evaluate) Hazard Prevention Prevention and Control Measures

(physical/tangible measures) (Develop the Programs) Training Training (Implementation) Documentation (Revaluate, Revise, Audit) Chemical Hazard Communication

? Emergency Preparedness ? Management Commitment/Involvement Employee Involvement Worksite Hazard Analysis (Evaluate) Prevention and Control

Measures (physical/tangible measures) (Develop the Programs) Training (Implementation) Documentation (Re-evaluate, Revise, Audit Goal is Continuous Management Commitment/Involvemen t-What does this mean to you?

Commitment statement by board of directors? Commitment statement posted on walls? * Manager Attitude?

Paycheck stuffers? Not enough. Meaningless unless there is more. Major issue. Not enough. Safety

as an agenda item at every meeting at every level of operation? Good idea. Manager accountability for all types of safety involvement? Yes.

* Is the success of the safety program measureable? It should be! Does the safety program strive to be proactive rather than reactive? Good idea!

Do managers have time for safety or are they too busy? Hear this too much! Goes back to Attitude! Employee Involvement Include

employees in the analysis and planning processeither upfront or after the fact. Employees know when a near miss occurs do they know how to follow up? What An

about employee observations? employee should not begin work until safety orientation has been conductedwhat message are they given when they start work? Worksite Hazard Analysis: Evaluation Job

task analysis. Job hazard analysis. Confined space hazard analysisLook at all your spaces and determine how to classify them.

Lockout tagout analysislook at your equipment and electrical. Hazard communication program analysis. Prevention and Control Measures: Program Development

Determine and develop programs that are needed (and/or required). Determine and put into place any control measures that are neededmachine guards in place; are ladders appropriate; are railings adequate?

Determine what PPE is required, purchase it, disseminate it, and encourage the use of it! Train on it, train with it. Managers must set an example in using it! Determine any signage that may be required: electrical warnings, CS warnings, LOTO warnings; warnings on ladders; warnings if contractors are working in electrical room; fire extinguishers; egress signs; etc.

Develop a plan for reviewing, revising, auditing your programs and compliance. Training IMPLEMENTATION Require and conduct new employee training

BEFORE an employee starts to work. Videos only cover the basics. Conduct onsite hands on/mentor training. Vary the training methods. Employees are included in trainingat least in watching videos. Are there regularly scheduled drills for employees? Do you

include your emergency responders? Come up with some what if scenarios and put them into action. Can you react quickly enough? What if an employee has a heart attack while on the catwalkwhat would you do? What if an employee goes down while in the boot pit what would you do?

Emergency Preparedness: Exercise, practice, improve Documentation Written programs are documentation. Housekeeping and preventive maintenance records are documentation OSHA 300 and 300A are documentation.

Audits are documentation. Employee signoff on training or procedure reviews are documentation. Procedures are documentation. If you dont have written procedures, how do employees know what to do? If you dont have complete documentation of training, how do you know how effectively an employee was educated on their job and on safety? What method do employees use to document housekeeping? Employees must complete much of the documentation

Do they have adequate tools (forms)? Do not have all your safety/procedure manuals in your OSHA Inspector staging area Do not have multiple versions of safety/procedure manuals. Hazard Communication Program Lock out Tag Out Program

Hearing Conservation Program Confined Space/Bin Entry Program Fall Protection Program Housekeeping Program Preventive Maintenance Program Truck and Rail Safety Program Office Ergonomics Safety Program Emergency Action Plan Fire Prevention Program First Aid/Bloodborne Pathogen Program Contractor Notification Program Regulatory Inspection Policy/Program

Inspect what you expect!!! Who follows up to see that the documentation actually fits the job that was done? This is key to continuous improvement. Communication

If an employee sees something unsafe, what should they do? If an employee observes another employee doing something unsafe, what should they do?

If something has gone wrong, how is the rest of the company notified? If something has gone wrong, how is retraining conducted to fix the problem? Emergency Preparedness Knowledge replaces fear!

Closing the Loop The Missing Links in many Safety & Health Programs 1. Developing a safety attitude 2. Implementing the program successfully

3. Inspecting what you expect Continuous Improvement Developing a safety attitude a safety culture! Implementing the program successfully

Inspecting what you expect Continuous Improvement Management Commitment/Involvement Employee Involvement Worksite Hazard Analysis (Evaluate) Prevention and Control Measures (physical/tangible

measures) (Develop the Programs) Training (Implementation) Documentation The Missing Links in many Safety & Health Programs 1. Developing a safety attitude Its a culture, not just a program.

2. Implementing the program successfully Must be hands on by all employees all the time. 3. Inspecting what you expect If you cant measure it, how do you know it is working? Getting Started on Your Health

and Safety Program Look at What You Have Review and Compare Develop Procedures, Policies and Plans Develop an Action Plan for Implementation Take Action Open Communication Maintain Your Program-Inspect/Audit

Where can you go for help? NGFA OSHA Insurance Companies Consultants State safety organizations National Safety Council Other Industries

Google: Developing a Safety Program Guide to Your Written Health and Safety Program; Developed by: State of Wisconsin Department of Administration Bureau of State Risk Management http ://www.doa.state.wi.us/docview.asp?docid=668 http://www.tdi.state.tx.us/wc/safety/videoresources/o nlinepubsb.html

The Texas Department of Insurance, Division of Workers Compensation (TDI, DWC) Resource Center offers a workers health and safety video tape library. Call (512) 804-4620 for more information or visit our web site at www.tdi.state.tx.us. Disclaimer: Information contained in this training program is considered accurate at time of publication. Sample Mission Statement 1 The health and safety of our employees is

a major consideration in the operation of this company. Management and supervisory personnel will be accountable for the health and safety of the employees working under their supervision and will be expected to conduct operations in a safe manner at all times. Management will also be responsible for establishing safe working conditions and proper attitudes toward safety and for promoting the health and health and safety of all employees.

Sample Mission Statement 2 It is the intent of this company to comply with all applicable state and federal health and safety standards. To do this, we must constantly be aware of conditions in all work areas that can produce occupational injuries and illnesses. Your cooperation in detecting and reporting hazards and, in turn, controlling them, is a condition of your employment. Inform your supervisor immediately of any unsafe situation beyond your ability to correct."

The Missing Links in many Safety & Health Programs 1. Developing a safety attitude Its a culture, not just a program. 2. Implementing the program successfully Must be hands on by all employees all the time.

3. Inspecting what you expect If you cant measure it, how do you know it is working? Julie Bell Waltz 515.975.7845 [email protected]

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