Chapter 4 Dominant-Minority Relations - bakersfield college
Chapter 6 DominantMinority Relations Understanding Race and Ethnic Relations 5th Edition This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Copyright Allyn & Bacon 2016 Minority-Group Relations
Ethnic-Group Identity Exists when individuals choose to emphasize cultural or national ties as the basis for their primary social interactions and sense of self Part of the growing-up process for minorities often involves the existence of a dual identity: one in the larger society and another within the persons own group.
Minority Group Responses Avoidance Deviance Defiance Acceptance Minority Group Responses Avoidance: Seek to leave problems behind by migrating or turning inward to group for social and economic activities. Deviance: Occurs in societies where laws impose moral standards on behavior of other groups. Defiance: Openly challenging dominant groups
discriminatory behavior as subordinate gains in cohesion, as well as in economic and political power. Acceptance: Accede to situation through subtle rationalizations, personal or economic security, and/or false consciousness. Consequences of Minority-Group Status Negative Self-Image
The result of social conditioning, differential treatment, or both, causing people or groups to believe themselves inferior Can cause people to accept their fate passively Can encourage personal shame for possessing undesired qualities or antipathy toward other members of the group for possessing them
The Vicious Circle Sometimes the relationship between prejudice and discrimination is circular. Gunnar Myrdal referred to this pattern as cumulative causation Which is a vicious circle in which prejudice and discrimination perpetuate each other.
The pattern of expectation and reaction may produce desirable or undesirable results Source: http://www94.homepage.villanova.edu/peter.knapp/Icout.htm Marginality Minority group members sometimes find themselves caught in a conflict between their own identity and values and the necessity to behave in a certain way to gain acceptance by the dominant group.
Marginality usually arises when a member of a minority group is passing through a transitional period. Marginality Marginality is an example of culture
conflict cased primarily be the class of values within the individual. Marginality is a one- or two- generation phenomenon. After that, members of the minority group either have assimilated or have formed a distinctive subculture and are no longer caught between two worlds. Middleman Minorities The Model of Middleman Minorities
Suggested by Hubert Blalock Based on a dominant-subordinate stratification system, places middleman minorities in an intermediate rather than low-status position. Middleman minorities often serve as buffers and experience hostility and conflict from above and below. Dominant-Group Responses
Legislative Controls If the influx of racial and ethnic groups appears to the dominant group to be too great for a country to absorb, or if prejudicial fears prevail, the nation may enact measures to regulate or restrict their entry. To maintain a paternalistic social system, the dominant group frequently restricts the subordinate groups education and
voting opportunities Dominant-Group Responses Segregation Spatial segregation The physical separation of a minority people from the rest of society
Social segregation Involves confining participation in social, service, political and other types of activities to members of the in-group Dominant-Group Responses Mass expulsion is an effort to drive out a group that is seen as a social problem rather than attempting to resolve the problem cooperatively.
It depends in part on how sensitive the country is to world opinion, which in turn is related to the countrys economic dependence on other nations. Dominant-Group Responses Xenophobia
The undue fear of or contempt for strangers or foreigners This almost hysterical response begins with ethnocentric views. Ethnocentrism encourages the creation of negative stereotypes that can escalate through some catalyst into a highly emotional reaction. Dominant-Group Responses
Annihilation Killing all the men, women, and children of a particular group Annihilation goes back to ancient times. In modern times, various countries have used extermination as a means of
solving the so-called race problem. Annihilation sometimes occurs unintentionally. Figure 6.1 Lynchings in the United States Since 1882 Dominant-Group Responses Hate Crimes
Commonly defined as any criminal offense against a person or property that is motivated in whole or in part by the offenders bias against a race, religion, ethnic/national origin, group, or sexual orientation Many states have passed laws mandating severe punishments for persons convicted of these crimes Federal law permits federal prosecution of a hate crime as a civil rights violation is the assailant intended to prevent the victim from exercising a federally protected right. Figure 6.2 Hate Groups in the United States in 2003
Table 6.1 Bias Motivation of Hate-Crime Incidents in 2003, by Percentage Exploitation Based on her split labor market theory, Bonacich argues that ethnic antagonism results from the combination of economic exploitation by employers and economic competition between two or more groups of laborers that produces wage differential for
Sungear Multifactor Visualization Joint work with Rodrigo Gutiérrez, Manny Katari, Brad Paley, Chris Poultney, and Gloria Coruzzi Typical Genomic Questions Multiple experiments (multiple time points, multiple conditions), many Go categories, or other features of genes: want to know when certain...
Ordered Resolution Do them in order (Left to right) This is how Prolog operates Do the first element in the sentence first. This forces the user to define what is important in generating the "code." The way the sentences are...
Multiple choices + calculations Roots of operations management I. Industrial revolution (1770's) Scientific management (1911) Mass production Standardizing (interchangeable parts) Division of labor Human relations (HR) movement (1920-60) Decision models (1915, 1960-70's) Influence of Japanese management Roots of operations management...
Presentation by . Colin . Havenar-Daughton. Subcutaneous . immunization route . Why did 100% of BG505 SOSIP.664 immunized animals generate neutralizing responses in this study? You can discuss here also the much more substantial titers than we observed in previous...