CHAPTER 19 METHODS OF THERAPY - ds088.k12.sd.us

CHAPTER 19 METHODS OF THERAPY - ds088.k12.sd.us

PSYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE Chapter 19 METHODS OF THERAPY Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: What Is Therapy? The Psychoanalytic Approach The Humanistic Approach Cognitive Therapy and Behavior Therapy Section 5: Biological Therapy 1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Chapter 19

Section 1: What Is Therapy? PSYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE Question: What is psychotherapy, and what are the advantages of each method of psychotherapy? PSYCHOTHERAPY Psychotherapy is psychologically based therapy. Advantages of each type: Some people do better with individual therapy because they need more personal attention than they would receive as part of a group Group therapy helps people realize that they are not alone and that it enables people to see others benefiting from the therapy 2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON

Chapter 19 Section 2: The Psychoanalytic Approach PSYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE Question: What are the major techniques of psychoanalysis? MAJOR TECHNIQUES OF PSYCHOANALYSIS Free Association the analyst asks the client to relax and then to say whatever comes to mind taps into unconscious thoughts and feelings Dream Analysis analyst interprets the content of clients dreams to unlock these unconscious thoughts and feelings Transference the patients transfer of emotions associated with other relationships to the therapist 3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON

Chapter 19 Section 3: The Humanistic Approach PSYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE Question: What are the primary goals and methods of humanistic therapy? GOALS OF HUMANISTIC THERAPY Primary goal is to help individuals reach their full potential by developing self-awareness and selfacceptance Assumes that people with psychological problems merely need help tapping their inner resources so that they can grow and reach their full potential 4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Chapter 19

Section 3: The Humanistic Approach PSYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE Question: What are the primary goals and methods of humanistic therapy? METHODS OF HUMANISTIC THERAPY Person-Centered Therapy clients receive help finding their true selves and realizing their unique potential Nondirective Therapy the client is seen as an equal of the therapist 5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Chapter 19 PSYCHOLOGY

Section 4: Cognitive Therapy and Behavior Therapy PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE Question: How do cognitive and behavior therapists try to help people? HOW THERAPISTS TRY TO HELP Cognitive therapists use rational-emotive therapy and Becks cognitive restructuring therapy Behavioral therapists use counter conditioning and operant conditioning 6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Chapter 19 Section 5: Biological Therapy PSYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE

Question: What are the three major biological treatments for psychological disorders? THREE MAJOR BIOLOGICAL TREATMENTS Drug Therapy consists of prescription drugs for the treatment of psychological disorders Electroconvulsive Therapy a controversial treatment consisting of electric-shock therapy Psychosurgery brain surgery used to treat psychological disorders 7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON

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