Central Idea vs. Theme Unit 3: Survival What is central idea? CENTRAL IDEA refers to what the text is mainly about. Central idea is NOT the topic of the text. Central idea can most often be stated in one sentence. Application
Tim hated his old baseball glove. He wanted to play with a new glove, but he didnt have any money, so he decided to steal it. But when Tim got caught stealing the glove, his parents said he couldnt play baseball all summer. 1. What is the topic of this paragraph? 2. What is the central idea of this paragraph? What is theme? Theme is the life lesson, authors message, or
moral of a story. Readers have to make inferences to determine themes in literature because themes are NOT directly stated. In order to determine the theme of a story, readers have to think beyond the small details. Instead, readers must figure out the big world lesson of the theme. What is theme?
Theme IS NOT the same as central idea. Theme IS NOT the same as topic. One story can have multiple themes. Themes are often recognizable and repeated throughout literature. Common Topics for Themes
NOTE: The following are not themes. They are common topics or big ideas on which themes are centered. * Courage * Hard work * Kindness * Being yourself * Hope * Love * Jealousy
* Doing the right thing * Honesty * Acceptance * Fears Common Themes
Be careful what you wish for. Honesty is the best policy. Crime doesnt pay. Sacrifice leads to reward. We are all the same on the inside. Money cannot buy happiness.
Love conquers all. To determine theme, ask yourself 1. What did the character(s) learn? 2. How did the character(s) grow or change? 3. Why did the character(s) act this way? Application Tim hated his old baseball glove. He wanted to play with a new glove, but he didnt have any money, so
he decided to steal it. But when Tim got caught stealing the glove, his parents said he couldnt play baseball all summer. I know the theme is ________________________ because___________________________________ __________________________________________
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