# Basic Kinematics - University of Idaho

MEASURING JOINT R.O.M. Background Info: Range of Motion (R.O.M.): description of how much movement exists in a joint

What may inhibit range of motion? Typical movement at joint? Measuring Unit --degrees Active vs. Passive Active: movement created by muscular contractions around the

joint. Passive: movement and force created by external source pushing on body around joint. Which is greater? Flexibility Training

Dynamic/Ballistic: use of momentum of body segments to extend joint position beyond R.O.M. Static: slow stretch, maintained for several seconds. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF): stretching procedures involving alternating contraction and relaxation of musculature. Debate between these three

still exist. Relative Reference Systems All Joints @ 0except Ankle @ 90 Forearm varies Fundamental Standing Position Anatomical Standing Position

Joint Position & Displacement Displacement: the difference between initial and final positions 90 140 0 140 More Examples.

0 0 40 90 90

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