Scientific Way of Learning English Vocabulary T.K.Ng 1 prefix + root + suffix 2 composition com + posit + ion | | | together

put (noun) 3 References 1. http://www.etymonline.com 2. 3. 4 1. a- , an- = not , without ( ) P.12 2. acid = sour ( )

P.14 3. act = to do ( ) P.15 4. ag- = to do , to act ( ) P.19 5. ali- = to nourish ( ) P.20 6. alter , ali- = other ( ) P.21 7. angl- , angul- = angle ( ) P.23 8. anima- = to breath ( ) life ( ) P.25 9. apt- = fit ( ) P.26

10.aqua- = water ( ) P.27 5 11. bi- , di- = double , two , twice ( ) P.28 12. calc- = lime ( ) P.31 13. cap- , cip- = head ( ) P.332 14. carn- = fresh ( ) P.35 15. cav- = hollow ( ) P.36 16. centr- = centre ( ) P.38

17. chloro- = pale green ( ) P.40 18. circ- , cyc- = ring ( ) P.41 19. circum- = around , round about ( ) P.44 20. cur- = to run , to flow ( ) P.46 6 21. dia- = through , between , across ( ) P.49 22. dic- , dict- = to say ( ) P.51 23. du- , duo- , dou- = two ( ) P.54 24. -duce , -duct = to lead ( ) P.57

25. electr- = electric ( ) P.60 26. equ- = equal ( ) P.63 27. fact- = to make ,to do ( ) P.66 28. fin- = to end ( ) P.68 29. flu- = to flow ( ) P.71 30. for- , fort- = strong ( ) P.74 7 31. form = to shape ( ) P.77 32. found- , fund- = base ( )

P.82 33. fract- , frag- = to break ( ) P.84 34. gen- = together ( ) , race ( ) P.86 35. -gram = to write , to draw ( ) P.91 36. -graph = to draw , to write ( ) P.93 37. heli- = sun ( ) P.96 38. hydro- = water ( ) P.97 39. iso- = equal ( ) P.100

40. -ject = to throw ( ) P.102 8 41. labor- = to work ( ) P.106 42. mon- , mono- = one , single ( ) P.107 43. neutr- = neither ( ) P.110 44. nucl- = nut ( ) P.111 45. numer- = to count ( ) P.112 46. oxy- = acid ( ) P.114

47. part- = part ( ) , to divide ( ) P.115 48. pass- = to pass ( ) P.119 49. peri- = around , round about ( ) P.122 50. -peri = to go through ( ) to try ( P.124 ) 9 51. -port = gate ( ) , harbour ( ) P.126 52. -port = to carry ( ) P.128 53. pos- = to put , to place ( ) P.131 54. prim- , prin- = first ( )

P.137 55. proto- = first P.140 56. quadr- , tetra- = four ( ) P.142 57. rect- = right ( ) straight( ) P.144 58. sal- = salt ( ) P.147 59. sat- = full ( ) P.149 60. solu- , solv- = to loosen ( ) P.151 10 61. still- = to drop ( ) P.154

62. stru- , struct- = to build ( ) P.156 63. tang- , tact- = to touch ( ) P.159 64. temper- = to moderate ( ) P.161 65. tempor- = time ( ) P.162 66. tri- = three ( ) P.164 67. uni- = one ( ) P.167 68. val- , vail- = worth ( ) strong ( P.170 ) 11

atom a- , an- = not , without ( ) atom abyss (n) achromatic (adj) amoral (adj) amorphous (adj) apathy (n)

(byss = byss = bottom)) (byss = chrom)at = colour) form)) (byss = m)orph = 12 asymmetry (n) atheism (n) atypical (adj) anhydrous (adj) anomalous

(adj) anonymous (adj) anarchy (n) (byss = theology ) water) (byss = hydro = (byss = nom)o = nam)e) (byss = arch = chief) 13 acid acid = sour ( ) acid (n)

acidic (adj) acidify (v) acidity acidulous (adj) (n)

14 reaction act = to do ( ) act (v) action (n) activate (v) activation (n) activator (n)

15 active (adj) activity (n) actual (adj) actualize (v) actually (adv)

16 enact enactment (n) exact (adj) inactive (adj) interact (v) (v) (byss = en = in)

= out) (byss = ex (byss = inter = between) 17 react reaction (n) reactive (adj) reactivity (n) transact (v) (v)

transaction(n ) (byss = re = back) (byss = trans = through) 18 agent ag- = to do , to act ( ) agency (n) agenda (n) agent (n) agile

(adj) agitate (v) 19 alimentary canal ali- = to nourish ( ) aliment (n) alimentary (v) alimentation (n) alimentotherapy (n) alimony

(n) alible (adj) 20 alternate current alter , ali- = other ( ) alter

(v) alteration (n) alternate (adj) alternate current (n) (AC)) 21 alternation (n) alternative (adj) alternator (n) alien (adj)

alias (n) 22 angle angl- , angul- = angle ( ) angle (n) angular (adj) equiangular (adj) rectangle (n) equal)

right) (byss = equi = (byss = rect = 23 triangle triangular (adj) ankle (n) (n) three) (byss = tri =

24 animal anim)a- = to breath ( ) life ( ) animal (n) animate (v) animation (n) animator (n) animosity (n) animus ( )

25 adaptation apt- = fit ( ) apt (adj) aptitude (n) apthy (adv) adapt (byss = ad = to) adaptation

(n) adaptability (v) 26 aqueous aqua- = water ( ) aquaplane (n) aquarelle (n) aquarium (n) aquatic (adj)

aqueduct aqueous (n) 27 dioxide bi- , di- = double , two , twice ( ) bicarbonate (n) biceps

(n) bicycle bilateral (n) (adj) 28 bilingual (adj)

binary binoculars (n) binomial (adj) bisect (v) (adj) 29 bisexual (adj) biweekly (n) dilemma (n)

dioxide diatomic (adj) (n) 30 calcium calc- = lim)e (byss = ) calcite (n) calcify (v) calcium (n) calculate (v)

( ) little) (byss = ul = 31 calculation (n) calculator (n) calculus (n) chalk (n) 32

precipitate cap- , cip- = head (byss = ) cap (n) cape (n) capital (n) capitalism (n) 33 capitalist (n)

captain (n) precipitate (n) (byss = pre = precipitation (n) before) 34 carnivore carn- = fresh ( )

carnage (n) carnal (adj) carnation (n) carnival (n) carnivore ( ) ( ) (n)

carnivorous(ad 35 concave cav- = hollow (byss = ) cave (n) cavern (n) cavity (n) concave (adj)

(byss = con = together) 36 excavate (v) (byss = ex = out) excavation (n) excavator (n) cage (n)

37 concentration centr- = centre ( ) central centralize (v) centralization( n) centre (n) centrifugal (adj) flee) (adj)

(byss = fugal = to 38 centripetal (adj) concentrate (v) concentration (n) decentralize (v) selfcentred(adj) (byss = pet = to seek) (byss = con = together)

= away) (byss = de 39 chlorine chloro- = pale green ( ) chlorine chloride (n) (n) chlorination (n) chlorophyll (n) chloroplast (n) chloroform

( ) 40 circle circ- , cyc- = ring ( ) circle circular (adj) circulation (n) encircle (v) semicircle (n)

(byss = sem)i = half) (n) 41 cycle (n) cyclist (n) cyclone (n)

cylinder (n) bicycle (n) tricycle (n) encyclopedia (n) (byss = en = in 42 circuit (n) circulate (v) circular

(n) circus (n) (byss = it = to go) 43 circumference circum)- = around , round about ( ) circumambulate( v) circumcise (v) circumference (n) circumflex (n) (byss = am)bulate = to walk)

(byss = cise = to cut) (byss = fer = to carry) (byss = flex = to bend) 44 circumfluence (n) circumnavigate (v) circumscribe (v) circumspect (adj) circumstance (n) = to flow)

(byss = flu = ship) (byss = nav (byss = scribe = to write) (byss = spect = to look) (byss = stan = to stand) 45 current cur- = to run , to flow ( ) current (n)

currently (adj) (adv) currency curriculum (n) (n) 46 curricular (adj) concur (v) concurrence (n)

concurrent(ad j) occur (n) (byss = con = together) (byss = oc = before) 47 occurrence (n) recur (v) recurrence (n) recurrent

(adj) corridor (n) 48 diagonal dia- = through , between , across ( ) diagnosis (n) diagonal (n) diagram (n) dialect (n)

(byss = gnosis = knowledge) (byss = gonal = angle) to speak) (byss = lect = 49 dialogue (n) diameter (n) diaphragm (n) speech) (byss = logue = fence)

(byss = phragm) = 50 indicator dic- , dict- = to say ( ) dictate (v) dictation (n) dictator diction (n) dictionary (n) ( ) (n)

51 contradict (v) (byss = contra = against) contradiction(n ) predict (v) prediction (n)

verdict (n) before) true) (byss = pre = (byss = ver = 52 dedicate (v) dedication (n) indicate (v) indication

(n) indicator (n) down) (byss = de = (byss = in = towards) 53 duodenum du- , duo- , dou- = two ( ) duodenum (n) duologue (n) dodecagon (n)

dozen (n) (byss = den = ten) (byss = logue = to speak) (byss = deca = ten) (byss = zen = ten) 54 dual (adj) duel duet (n) duplex (adj) duplicate (v)

(n) (byss = plex = fold) 55 duplication (n) duplicity (n) double (adj) doubt (v)

( ) 56 product -duce , -duct = to lead ( ) conduct (v) conductor (n) deduce (v) deduct (v) ductile (adj) (byss = de = down)

57 ductility (n) educate (v) education (n) induce (v) induction (n) introduce (v) introduction

(n) (byss = e = out) (byss = intro = inward) 58 oviduct (n) produce (v) product (n) reproduce

(v) reproduction (n) reduce (v) reduction (byss = ovi = egg) (byss = pro = forward) 59 electron electr- = electric ( ) electric (adj) electrical

(adj) electrician (n) electricity (n) electrify (v) 60 electrocute (v) electrochemistry (n) electrode (n) electrolysis (n) electromagnetic

(n) = road) (byss = ode (byss = lysis = to free) 61 electron (n) electronics (n) electroplating (n) electrostatic (adj) electrotherapy (n)

62 equation equ- = equal ( ) equal (adj) equality (v) (n) equate (v)

equation (n) 63 equator (n) equinox (n) equity (n) equivalent (adj) equilateral (adj) ( )

( ) (byss = nox = night) = side) (byss = lateral 64 equilibrium (n) equiangular (adj) adequate (adj) inadequate (adj)

to) (byss = ad = (byss = in = not) 65 factor fact- = to m)ake ,to do ( ) fact (n) factor factorize factorization(n ) factory (n)

(n) (v) ( ) 66 faction (n) manufacture (n) facilitate (v) facility (n)

faculty (n) difficult (adj) difficulty (byss = m)anu = hand) (byss = pl) (byss = dif = dis = apart) 67 infinite fin- = to end ( ) fine (n) fine (adj)

final (adj) finalize (v) finally (adv) ( ) 68 ( ) finance (n) finish

finite infinite (adj) infinitive (n) infinity (n) (v) (adj) (byss = in = not) 69

confine (n) confinement( (byss = con = together) n) define (v) definite down) (adj) definition (n) refine (v) refinery (n)

(byss = de = again) (byss = re = 70 fluorine flu- = to flow ( ) fluctuate (v) fluctuation (n) fluent (adj) fluency (n) fluid (n)

71 flue (n) flume (n) flute (n) flush (v) flux (n) flood (n)

72 fluoride (n) fluorine (n) fluorescent (adj) influence (n) influenza (n) reflux (n) (byss = fluor = )

73 force for- , fort- = strong ( ) force (n) forcible (v) (adj) enforce (v) enforcement (n)

(pl) (byss = en = in) 74 (v) = again) reinforce reinforcement (n) fort (n)

fortress (n) fortify (v) (byss = re 75 fortitude (n)

comfort (v) comfortable(adj ) discomfort (n) (byss = com) = wholly) effort (n) = not) (byss = dis (byss = ef = out)

76 formation form) = to shape ( ) form (n) formal (v) (adj) formality (n) 77

informal (adj) formation (n) formula (n) formulate (v) conform (v) (byss = in = not) (byss = con = 78 conformation

(n) deform (v) inform (v) information (n) informative(adj ) (byss = de = away) 79 malformation (n) perform (v) performance

(n) reform (v) reformer (n) (byss = m)al= bad) (byss = per= thoroughly) (byss = re = again) 80 transform (v) transformation( n) transformer (n)

uniform (n) uniformity (adj) (n) (byss = trans = across) ( ) = one) (byss = uni 81 fundamental found- , fund- = base (byss = )

found (v) foundation (n) founder (n) fund (n) 82 fundamental (adj) profound (adj) profundity (n) (byss = pro = forward)

83 fractional fract- , frag- = to break ( ) fraction (n) fractional (adj) fracture (n) fragile (adj) fragment (n)

84 fragmentary(adj ) fragmentation (n) frail (adj) diffract (v) diffraction (n) = apart)

refract (v) refraction (n) (byss = dif (byss = re = back) 85 gene gen- = to produce ( ) , race ( )

gender (n) gene (n) genealogy (n) general (adj) (byss = logy= study) (n) 86 generality (n) generalize

(v) generally (adv) generate (v) generation (n) 87 generator (n) generic (adj) generous (adj) genesis (n)

genetics (n) 88 genius (n) gentle (adj) gentleman (n) genuine (n) homogeneous(a dj) ( )

(byss = hom)o=sam)e) 89 heterogeneous(a dj) hydrogen (n) (byss = hetero = different) (byss = hydro = water) nitrogen

oxygen (n) (n) (byss = nitro = nitre) (byss = oxy = acid) 90 diagram -gram) = to write , to draw ( ) grammar (n) grammatical (adj) gramophone (n) diagram (n)

(byss = dia = through) 91 parallelogram (n) program (n) programmer (n) telegram (n) histogram (n) before) (byss = pro =

= far off) (byss = tele 92 graphite -graph = to draw , to write ( ) graph graphic (adj) graphite (n) autograph (n)

(n) ( ) (byss = auto = self) 93 biography (n) autobiography (n) calligraphy (n) geography (n) monography (n) (byss = bio = life)

(byss = calli = beautiful) (byss = geo = earth) = single) (byss = m)ono 94 orthography (n) paragraph (n) phonograph (n) photograph (n) telegraph (n)

right) (byss = ortho = (byss = para = beside) (byss = phono = sound) (byss = photo = light) far off) (byss = tele = 95 helium heli- = sun ( ) helioscope (n)

heliotropic (adj) helium (n) heliosis (n) ( ) 96 hydrogen hydro- = water ( ) hydra (n) hydrant (n) hydrate (n) hydraulic

(adj) 97 hydrocarbon (n) hydroelectric (adj) hydrogen (n) hydroxide (n) hydrolysis (n) (byss = gen =

generate) (byss = lysis = to free) 98 hydrofoil (n) hydrophilic (adj) hydrophobic (adj) anhydrous (adj) dehydration (n) (byss = philic = to love) (byss = phobic = fear)

(byss = an = not) away) (byss = de = 99 isotope iso- = equal ( ) isobar (n) isomer (n) isometric (adj) isomorphic(a dj) (byss = bar = pressure) (byss = m)er

= part) (byss = m)etr = to m)easure) (byss = m)orph = form)) 100 isosceles (adj) isotherm (n) isotope (n) heat) place) (byss = therm) = (byss = tope = 101 object

-ject = to throw ( ) adjective (n) conjecture (n) eject (v) ejection (n) inject (v) (byss = con = together) (byss = e = out) (byss = in = into) 102 interject

interjection (n) object (n) (v) (v) objection (n) (byss = inter = between) (byss = ob = before) (byss = ob = against) 103

objective(adj ) (n) objectivity (n) project (v) (n) projectile (n) (byss = pro = forward) 104

projection (n) projector (n) reject (v) back) subject (n) (byss = sub = (v) subjective(adj )

(byss = re = under) 105 laboratory labor- = to work ( ) labour labourer laboratory (n) collaborate (v) elaborate (v)

(n) (n) 106 monoxide m)on- , m)ono- = one , single ( ) monarch (n) monatomic (adj) monk (n) monochrome(a dj) monocycle

(byss = arch = ruler) ( ) (byss = chrom)e = colour) 107 monograph (n) monolingual (adj) monologue (n) monopoly (n) monopolize (v) monosyllable (n) (byss = graph = write)

(byss = logue = to speak) (byss = poly = to sell) 108 monotone (n) monotonous (adj) monotony (n) monoxide (n) monsoon (n)

( ) 109 neutron neutr- = neither ( ) neutral (adj) neutralize (v) neutralization (n) neutrality (n) neutron (n) 110

nucleus nucl- = nut ( ) nucleus (n) nuclear (adj) nucleic acid (n) nucleon (n) nucleonics (n) 111 number num)er- = to count ( )

number (n) numberless (adj) numeral (n) numerical (adj) 112 numerate (v) numerator (n) numerous

(adj) enumerate (v) innumerable (adj) 113 oxygen oxy- = acid ( ) oxygen (n) oxide (n) oxidize (v) oxidation (n)

(byss = gen = generate) 114 particle part- = part ( ) ,to divide ( ) part (n) partial (adj) participate (v) participant (n) participation

(byss = cipate = to ( ) take) 115 participle (n) particle (n) particular (adj) particulate (adj) partition (n) partner (n)

116 party (n) apart (adv) apartment (n) compart (n) compartment( n) depart (v) (byss = a = to )

(byss = com) = with) apart) (byss = de = 117 department (n) departure (n) portion (n) proportion (n) proportional(ad j) (byss = pro =

forward) 118 compasses pass- = to pass ( ) pass (v) (n) passage (n) passenger (n) 119

passerby (n) passbook (n) passport (n) password (n) bypass (n) 120 compass (n)

surpass (v) trespass (v) trespasser (n) = over) (pl) (byss = sur (byss = tres = trans = across) 121 perimeter peri- = around , round about ( ) periderm (n) perimeter

(n) period (n) periodic (adj) (byss = derm) = skin) (byss = od = way) 122 periodical (n) periodicity (n) periphery (n) periscope (n) periwig (n)

( ) (byss = scope = look) 123 experiment -peri = to go through ( ) to try ( ) peril (n) empirical = in) (adj) experience (byss = ex=fully) (n) experiment(n )

(byss = em) = en 124 experimental (adj) expert (n) expertise (n) 125 opportunity -port = gate (byss = ) , harbour ( )

port (n) portal (n) porter (n) portico (n) porch (n) 126 opportune (adj) opportunism (n) opportunity (n) passport

(n) ( ) (byss = op = near) 127 report -port = to carry ( ) portable (adj) portage (n) porter

portfolio (n) (n) (byss = folio = 128 export (v) (n) import

(v) (n) important(adj) importance (n) (byss = im) = in) 129 report (v)

sport (n) disport support (v) transport (v) (byss = trans = across) transportation(

n) (byss = sup = up) 130 composition pos- = to put , to place ( ) pose (n) posit (v) position (n) positive (adj) 131

post (n) postage (n) postal (adj) posture (n) compose (v) (byss = com) = together) 132

composer (n) composite (adj) composition (n) decompose (v) suppose (v) (byss = de = dis = apart) sub = under) (byss = sup = 133 depose

(v) deposit (n) dispose (v) disposable(adj ) disposal (n) (byss = de = down) (byss = dis = apart)

134 expose (v) exposure (n) impose (v) oppose (v) opposite (adj) = out) (byss = ex = in = on) (byss = im)

(byss = op = ob = against) 135 opposition (n) preposition (n) propose (v) proposal (n) purpose (n) before) before)

(byss = pre = (byss = pro = pro= before) (byss = pur = 136 principle prim)- , prin- = first ( ) prime prime minister (n) primer (n) primitive (adj) primary

(adj) (adj) 137 primarily (adv) primate (n) prince (n) princess

(n) principal (adj) 138 principle (n) prior (adj) priority (n) premier (n)

139 proton proto- = first protocol (n) proton (n) protium (n) protoplasm (n) (byss = col = glue) ) ( 140

protoplast (n) prototype (n) protozoa (n) anim)al) (byss = zo = 141 tetrahedron quadr- , tetra- = four ( ) quadrangle (n)

quadrant (n) quadratic (adj) quadrilateral (n) ( ) 142 quadruped (n) quadruple (adj) tetragon (n)

tetrahedron (n) tetrahedral(adj ) angle) (byss = gon = side) (byss = hedr = 143 rectangle rect- = right ( ) straight( ) rectangle (n) rectify

(v) rectification (n) rectifier (n) 144 rectilinear (adj) rectitude (n) rector (n) rectum (n) correct (v)

(byss = cor = with) 145 direct (v) direction (n) director (n) directory (n) erect (v) apart) (byss = di =

(byss = e = up) 146 salt sal- = salt ( ) salad salary sale saline (adj) salinity (n) (n)

(n) (n) (byss = salted herb) (byss = salt m)oney) 147 salt (n) salty (adj) desalt

(v) desalination (n) sauce (n) sausage (n) 148 saturate

sat- = full ( ) sate satiable (adj) satisfy (v) satisfaction (n) (v) 149

satisfactory (adj) saturate (v) saturated (adj) saturation (n) 150 solution solu- , solv- = to loosen ( ) solubility

(n) soluble (adj) solute (n) solution (n) solve (v) 151 solvency (n) solvent

solvable (adj) absolve absolute (adj) (byss = ab = away) dissolve (v) apart) (n)

(v) (byss = dis = 152 dissolution (n) insoluble (adj) insolvable (adj) insolvency (n) resolve (v) resolution (v)

= not) (byss = in (byss = re = again) 153 distillation still- = to drop (byss = ) distill (v) distillate (n) distillation (n) distiller (n) apart)

(byss = dis = 154 distillery (n) instill (v) instillation (n) 155 structure stru- , struct- = to build ( )

structure (n) structural (adj) construct (v) construction (n) (byss = con = together) 156 constructive (adj) reconstruct (v) destroy (v)

destruct (v) destructive (adj) down) (byss = de = 157 instruct (v) instructor (n) instrument (n) obstruct (v)

obstruction (n) (byss = in = into) = against) (byss = ob 158 tangent tang- , tact- = to touch ( ) tangent (n) tangible (adj) tangle (v) tango

(n) tact (n) ( ) 159 tactful (adj) tactics (n) tactile (adj) contact (n) intact (adj) intangible

(adj) (byss = co = together) (byss = in = not) 160 temperature tem)per- = to m)oderate ( ) temper (n)

(v) temperament (n) temperance (n) temperate (adj) temperature 161 temporary tem)por- = tim)e ( ) tempo (n) temporal (adj) temporary (adj)

contemporary(ad j) temporize (v) (byss = con = together) 162 tempest (n) tense time tide

(n) tidy (adj) (n) (n) 163 tripod tri- = three ( ) triad (n)

triangle (n) triangular (adj) tribe (n) 164 tricar trichord (n) tricycle (n)

trigonometry (n) trilateral (adj) (n) (byss = gono = angle) (byss = lateral = side) 165 trinity (n) triode (n) triple

(adj) tripod (n) 166 unit uni- = one ( ) unicorn uniform (n) uniformity (n) unify (v) (n)

(byss = corn = horn) 167 unification (n) unilateral (adj) union (n) unique (adj) unit (n) side)

(byss = lateral = 168 unite unity universe universal (adj) university (n) (v) (n)

(n) 169 covalent val- , vail- = worth ( ) strong ( ) valence (n) covalent (adj) valiant (adj) valid (adj) validate (v)

(byss = co = together) 170 validity (n) value (n) valuable (adj) available (adj) evaluate (v) (byss = a = to)

(byss = e = out) 171 equivalent (adj) invalid (adj) invaluable (adj) prevail (v) prevailing (adj) = equal) (byss = equi (byss = in = not) = before)

(byss = pre 172