Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology Introduction Chapter 1 Anatomy Branch of science that deals with the structure (morphology) of body parts

Physiology Branch of science that concerns the functions of the body parts Organization of the Human Body Body cavities

Axial Head, neck, trunk Appendiculuar

Upper and lower limbs Within axial portion

Dorsal cavity Cranial cavity Vertebral canal Ventral cavity

Thoracic cavity Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland Abdominalopelvic cavity

Separated from thoracic by diaphragm Abdominal cavity Stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, most of intestines Pelvic cavity End of large intestine, urinary bladder, and internal reproductive organs

Anatomical Terminology Superior above Inferior below

Anterior toward front Posterior toward back Medial toward middle

Lateral towards side Proximal closer to attachment Distal farther from attachment Superficial near surface Deep more internal Planes

Sagittal lengthwise cut Transverse horizontal cut Coronal frontal cut

Body Regions See p. 17 Body Regions cont See p. 17

Review http://science.nhmccd.edu/biol/dropdra g/index.htm Assignment

Choose a region of the body. Using anatomical terminology describe the location of the region relative to at least four other body regions.

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