Addition Polymerisation - TECC Science

Addition Polymerisation - TECC Science

Addition Polymerisation Aiming for Grade 4: Define a monomer and a polymer. State some uses of poly(ethene) and poly(propene). Write a word equation for the formation of poly(ethene) and poly(propene). Aiming for Grade 6: Describe how monomers become polymers. Draw the monomer for an addition polymer when the structure of the polymer is given. Draw an addition polymer structure when the structure of the monomer is given. Aiming for Grade 8: Explain why monomers for addition polymers must be unsaturated. Explain the process of addition polymerisation in detail, including using balanced symbol equations and the concept of atom economy. Explain how the repeating unit of a polymer relates to the monomer Setting the scene

One of the most important ways that chemicals from crude oil are used is to make plastics. The plastics used in everyday life are made up of huge molecules made from lots of small molecules joined together. These small molecules are called monomers. The huge molecules they make are called polymers. By using different monomers, various types of polymers can be manufactured that have very different properties and uses. Task The starting monomer for addition polymerisation has a carbon-carbon double bond (C=C). Under high pressure and with a catalyst, one bond

from the C=C breaks open and two monomers join together with single bonds. This process is repeated many times, so producing a polymer with single carbon-carbon bonds (CC). 1 Use the molecular model kit to make a molecule of ethene. 2 Join this to your neighbours model, in the same way as would happen in polymerisation, until the whole class has made one long model. 3 Then repeat the process starting with propene.

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