Adaptive Management

Adaptive Management

Collaborative in Conservation An Initial Framework and Example Nick Salafsky Foundations of Success & Conservation Measures Partnership *** Note: This version of the presentation is missing some photos to keep the file size down. *** Two Objectives of this Presentation 1. Provide an initial framework for thinking about collaboration in conservation 2. Illustrate this framework with experiences from the Conservation Measures Partnership The Key Question Collaboration sounds great in theory but is it really worth the investment?

Sources for this Initial Framework 1. Behavorial biology and primatology 2. In Good Company (study of alliances) 3. FOS study of learning networks 1. Behavorial Biology and Primatology Pssstif we work together we can beat that other group enlightened self interest rules! 2. In Good Company Study of Alliances Insert Cover of In Good Company Document Principles for Effective Alliances Simple is better

Clarity of goals is the starting point Define and maintain clear roles and responsibilities Secure strong leadership Be prepared to adapt to changes 3. FOS Study of Learning Networks

LEARNING NETWORK Partner Organization Project Project Project Partner Org Project Project Partner Org Project

Project Project PCT Many Structures for Group Learning Learning Networks Communities of Practice Emergent Learning

Learning Portfolios Learning Organizations Dynamic Networking Virtual Teams Our Basic Research Questions

What do these systems share in common? How do they differ from one another? Are there basic principles that we can apply to learning networks in conservation? Purpose and Degree of Formality Formal TNC Learning Network NRA

LMMA Network SCB WB Community of Practice Informal Pure Action Learning to Coordinate Individual Member Actions Purpose of Network Pure

Learning Focus The Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) Network Focus The Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) Network Membership and Size Insert photo of LMMA Social Contract Communication FISH FOR THE FUTURE? 1st LMMA Workshop

August 2000, Suva, Fiji Communication Coordination Cost and Funding Sources Some Key Factors That Differentiate Networks Purpose and Formality Focus

Membership & size Communication Coordination Cost & funding sources Our Key Findings Different learning needs require different types of learning networks

You need to match your type to your needs Sources for this Initial Framework 1. Behavorial biology and primatology 2. In Good Company (study of alliances) 3. FOS study of learning networks Towards an Initial Framework: Key Questions to Ask in Any Collaboration

What is the purpose of your collaboration? What are the criteria for membership? What is the optimum size? Who will coordinate the work? What other roles and responsibilities are there? How will you communicate? How will you make decisions and manage common property? How will you fund your activities? Two Objectives of this Presentation 1. Provide an initial framework for thinking about collaboration in conservation 2. Illustrate this framework with experiences from the Conservation Measures Partnership

Our Vision Transform the practice of conservation by developing, testing and sharing tools to credibly assess and improve the effectiveness of conservation investments. Why Did CMP Form? Demonstrate our effectiveness

Learn faster Adopt best-practices Make conservation more efficient Avoid duplication of effort How Did CMP Form?

Needs-driven - GCP-USAID, SCB 2002 Organic Committed individuals Common interests US-based international conservation NGOs Inclusive, but focused Our Approach

Develop Common Standards strategic planning and management processes conservation impact and state assessment Develop New Tools

credible conservation audits strategic indicator selection Our Products 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Conservation Rosetta stone Open standards for the practice of conservation Audit standards Accounting for conservation investments

Indicators A. Global B. Management effectiveness indicators Rosetta Stone & Lexicon African Wildlife Foundation Conservation I nternational The Nature Conservancy Wildlife Conservation Society WWF Heartland Conservation Process Strategic Planning Framework

Enhanced 5-S Management Process Living Landscapes Approach Ecoregion Conservation Approach (large landscapes) (outcomes in hotspots or wilderness areas) (conservation proj ects at all scales) (large relatively intact landscapes) (ecoregions) 1. PRI ORI TY SETTI NG a. Analysis of Landscape Value

2. HEARTLAND SELECTI ON a. Review With Selection Criteria b. I nitial Scoping 3. CONSERVATI ON PLANNI NG a. Mandate Building Engage with key stakeholders Identify/manage perceptions Identify key issues Prepare for planning meetings b. Site- Level Planning c. Conservation Target & Goal Setting Initial participatory planning meeting Refinement of focal targets & goals d. Socio- Economic Analysis e. Threat and Opportunity Analysis Identify threats and sources of threat Map threats Identify range of intervention options f. I mplementation Planning

4. I MPLEMENT, EVALUATI ON, & AM a. I mplementation & Learning b. Program I mpact Assessment (PI MA) Measures Methods 5. I TERATI ON FOR EACH GLOBAL PRI ORI TY AREA Define Conservation Outcomes Species Key biodiversity areas Biodiversity conservation corridors Prioritize Among Outcomes FOR EACH OUTCOME Assess State of Biodiversity Establish Biodiversity Conserv Objectives Assess Pressures, Context, & Constraints Proximate pressures Drivers of pressures

Constraints to conservation Define milestones I dentify Possible Conservation Responses Select Portfolio of Responses Outputs Activities Articulate conservation strategy I mplement Conservation Responses Outputs Activities Monitor & Evaluate Conservation Strategy Conservation outcomes monitoring Effectiveness monitoring Refine and Adapt I . PRI ORI TI ES I I - I V. STRATEGI ES/ ACTI ON/ SUCCESS 1. Define Project Scope & Targets Describe project area

Project team Focal conservation targets Key ecological attributes 2. Conduct Situation Analysis Threats & other factors Chain of causation / conceptual model 3. Develop Work Plan Goal Objectives Strategic actions Action steps Action plan 4. Develop Monitoring Plan Monitoring design Indicators Methods Monitoring plan 5. I mplement Plans Implement work plan

Implement monitoring plan 6. Analyze & Communicate Analyze data from monitoring Communicate to key people in project Share lessons with key audiences 7. Use I nfo to Adapt and Learn Iteration Improve collective knowledge LI VI NG LANDSCAPE SELECTI ON FOR EACH LANDSCAPE Situation Assessment Literature review Exploratory field work Spatially explicit threats assessment Landscape species selection Conceptual model Conservation Plan Goal

Conservation targets Direct threats Indirect threats Interventions Monitoring Plan Targets Trend data (Monitoring) Activity Indicators I mplementation Management mechanism Capacity building Constituency building Partnership development Funding diversification Policy reform PRI ORI TI ES ACROSS ECOREGI ONS WI THI N EACH SELECTED ECOREGI ON

Reconnaisance Biodiversity Vision Priority areas, focal sp. & ecol. processes Long-term goals for biodiv conservation Views & aspirations of local stakeholders (Engaging Stakeholders & Partners) Reaching out to key stakeholders Communicating effectively (Situation Analysis) Threats Root causes Opportunities Ecoregion Conservation Plan Conservation objectives Conservation targets Strategies & actions Administration, timing, & budget Action Plan Milestones

Activities Monitoring & evaluation framework Indicators I mplementation Direct implementation WWF enlisting & influencing others Adaptive Management Learning Adaptability Rosetta Stone & Lexicon Biodiversity targets The biodiversity situation you intend to influence through your project activities. Impact of your project can be measured at the biodiversity target level. AWF: Focal targets

The elements of biodiversity at a site and the natural processes that maintain them. Includes species, communities, or large-scale ecological systems. Targets are assessed in terms of size, condition, and landscape context using TNC Excel Workbook. CI: Conservation outcomes The effective conservation of species, areas, and corridors which are conservation targets necessary to ensuring the long-term persistence of biodiversity within our global priority areas. TNC: Focal conservation targets The elements of biodiversity at a site and the natural processes that maintain

them. Includes species, communities, or large-scale ecological systems. Targets are assessed in terms of size, condition, and landscape context using TNC Excel Workbook. WCS: Landscape species Species that use large, ecologically diverse areas and have significant impacts on the structure and function of natural ecosystems. WWF: Long-term goals Targets that encompass: (1) representation of all distinct natural communities; (2) maintenance of ecological and evolutionary processes; (3) maintenance of viable populations of species; and (4) resiliency in the face of large-scale periodic disturbances and long-term change. On a 50-year time frame. Benefits of CMP Membership

Capitalizes on collective experience Pools lessons from ongoing projects Achieves economies of scale Avoids duplication of effort

Promotes rapid diffusion Provides support for internal reforms Towards an Initial Framework: Key Questions to Ask in Any Collaboration

What is the purpose of your collaboration? What are the criteria for membership? What is the optimum size? Who will coordinate the work? What other roles and responsibilities are there? How will you communicate? How will you make decisions and manage common property? How will you fund your activities? For More Information www.FOSonline.org & www.ConservationMeasures.org

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