Activity 2.2.1 Food Testing - Hinchsliff Hall - Home

Activity 2.2.1 Food Testing - Hinchsliff Hall - Home

Activity 2.2.1 Food Testing By: Mahi Introduction Anna had high amounts of glucose in her blood at the time of her death. Most likely, she had eaten a large meal before her death. Since glucose levels are related to the food we consume, exploring Annas stomach contents at the time of her death, may reveal some information of about her meal and provide some evidence regarding the conditions surrounding her mysterious death. Eating a balanced diet consisting of; carbohydrates (simple sugars), proteins (crucial to help build tissue, etc.), and lipids (known as fats). Scientists analyze these

chemical components by using chemical indicators, which is a substance that changes to indicates the presence of a particular compound or type of compound. They may change colors or bubble up. In this activity, you will use chemical indicators to test for compounds in starch, protein, lipids, and sugar. Equipment needed

Starch solution, 5% corn starch or other starch soluble in water Protein solution, 5% albumin in water Sugar solution, 5% glucose in water Lipid solution, cooking oil Anna Garcia simulated stomach contents Project 2.2.1 Autopsy Report resource sheet Project 2.2.1 Anna Garcia Food Diary resource sheet 3 small samples of food 200 mL of distilled water in a beaker 8 transfer pipettes Hot plate with beaker containing distilled water (to make a hot water bath) 12 test tubes

Test tube rack Test tube holder Test tube brush 1 beaker, 250 mL 1 beaker, 500mL Equipment needed continued

2 stirring rods Safety goggles Gloves Laboratory apron Laboratory journal PBS Course File

Benedicts solution Lugols Iodine stain Biuret stain Brown paper, multiple pieces, approximately 2 to 3 cm square Test #1: Glucose Benedicts solution is the indicator used for this process. It turns blue to green or yellow/orange to red, when simple sugars are present. To test this process: 1. Put on goggles and make sure the goggles are completely covering your eyes. 2. Place 1 mL of Benedicts Solution in two test tubes labeled #1 and #2.

3. Add 1 mL of distilled water to test tube #1. Stir. 4. Add 1 mL of Anna's Stomach Contents to test tube #2. Stir. 5. Using test tube holders,put each of the test tubes in hot water for 3 minutes. 6. Observe and record in your data table the colors of each test tube. If it turns any color listed above, glucose is present. Test #2: Starch Lugols Iodine is used as an indicator for starch. If the stomach content being tested is positive, it will turn dark purple or black. To test this process: 1. Put on goggles.

2. Place 3 drops of Iodine in two test tubes labeled #1 and #2. 3. Add 1 mL. of distilled water in the test tube labeled #1 and stir. 4. Place a 1 mL. of Annas stomach contents in test tube labeled #2. 5. Observe and record the results from both tests. If starch in present in Annas stomach contents, the solution will turn any of the colors listed above. Test #3: Protein Biuret Solution is a protein indicator. If proteins are present, the color changes to violet or purple. The shade of the color depends on the type and concentration of the protein. It can range from a light violet to a deep purple. To test this process:

1. Put on goggles. 2. Put 3 drops of Biuret solution in 2 test tubes that are labeled #1 and #2. 3. Place 1 mL. of distilled water in one test tube and stir. 4. Put 1 mL. of stomach content in the other test tube. 5. Observe and record the results from each test. Test #4: Lipids Brown paper will be used to test lipids. If there is an oily film left behind, then there is lipid present. Fats and lipids leave marks on brown paper. To test this process: 1. Add 1 or 2 drops of distilled water on a piece of brown paper. 2. Place 1 or 2 drops of stomach content on another area.

3. Let them dry, then record results. Examples for Glucose test Example for Starch test Example for Protein test Example for Lipid test Testing food samples Now, you test three different foods and use the same stomach contents.

Record data and test all foods for all the tests. Summarize information and add information to Annas last meal in the Autopsy Report that goes along with this activity. Examples: Lipid and protein test on yogurt Glucose test

Conclusion Anna had an unbalanced diet consisting of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. Too much sugar in the body can cause high levels of blood glucose levels. Since carbohydrates basically help create glucose, eating a lot of it, will cause high levels of glucose. Although, eating a lot of fiber filled foods can help with digestive system and can slow the absorption of sugar in the body when eaten together with sugar in the same food. Starches and lipids have the same thing in common; they both are macronutrients that supply the calories you need for energy. Too much of them, can cause high blood sugar levels and worsen diabetes. Anna ate very healthy and nutritious food the first day mixed in with some unhealthy food and on the second day, she had decided to go back to her original eating habits. Her unbalanced diet can lead to death because it can cause diabetes (which Anna has) which then can lead to malnutrition, cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis, and obesity. They can all kill

someone. Her unbalanced diet couldve caused her heart arteries to clog and stop pumping blood and working correctly. In this activity, we learned that food react to certain indicators. This should have also helped you figure out some more problems that couldve happened to Anna. In conclusion, the unbalanced diet and her diabetes may have caused her untimely death.

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