Act 2

Act 2

Act 2 AIM: How do the following ideas (deception, personal interactions, parental relationships [parents and their children], the relationship b/w parents and their childrens friends, and love) function in ones life and affect ones choices? Do Now: On your handout you have randomly been assigned a topic to consider. Answer the questions associated with your topic and be prepared to participate in the discussion. Act I Scene 1 - 0:01:35

Scene 2 - 0:12:45 Scene 3 - 0:27:35 Scene 4 - 0:35:00 Scene 5 - 0:39:50 Act II Scene 1 - 0:51:20 Scene 2 - 0:57:35 Act III Scene 1 - 1:32:25 Scene 2 - 1:44:45 Scene 3 - 2:06:10 Scene 4 - 2:12:20 Act IV Scene 1 - 2:25:50 Scene 2 - 2:28:35 Scene 3 - 2:29:50

Scene 4 - 2:33:15 Scene 5 - 2:41:05 Scene 6 - 2:55:30 Scene 7 - 2:57:00 Act V Scene 1 - 3:08:10 Scene 2 - 3:23:40 1. Deception We all deceive at some point in our lives. Our motivations for deception can be either positive or negative. Do you agree with this statement? 2. Personal Interactions The expressions being in somebodys business and being concerned have similar meanings, yet they have very different connotations. What does each of those expressions mean to you? How can you tell when someone is being nosy versus when someone is showing concern?

3. Parental Relationships To what extent do parents have the right to "spy" or check up on their children? What circumstance might allow a parent to spy? What can a young person do to prevent or combat a parents desire to spy? 4. Parents vs. Friends Imagine that you are a parent and you feel disconnected from your teenager. At what point should a parent enlist the help of their childs friend and become involved in their business? What is the appropriate level of involvement that a parent should have in his/her childs life? 5. Love How do you imagine someone who experienced unrequited love might feel? How do you imagine it would feel to be the recipient of affection from someone whom you did not care about? Dont forget to annotate for

yourself! 1. For what reason does Polonius send Reynaldo to France? 1.To send Laertes money and letters 2.To spy on his sons behavior FILM CLIP We will watch a scene that Ophelia will refer to in the next lines of Act 2 Scene 1. Recall- What was Poloniuss warning/directive to Ophelia? Turn & Talk

Watch for it What do you notice about how Hamlet is dressed? How would you describe his behavior? Act 2, Scene 1 (Hamlet and Ophelia) Hamlet came to my room and was acting VERY strange! His shirt open, no hat, socks falling down, he was pale and

seemed nervous. Is he crazy over his love for you? Description of his behavior We must tell the King! Have you had a fight (words) with Hamlet? Ophelia (obedient) did as she was told and rejected all Hamlets letters and

refused to see him. 2. For what reason is Ophelia affrighted? Affrighted Scared, afraid She was frightened by Hamlets behavior and his appearance. 3. What conclusion does Polonius come to about the encounter between Ophelia and Hamlet? Hamlet must have gone MAD (crazy) due to Ophelias rejection. Closing: QUICKWRITE How do one of the following ideas (deception, personal interactions, parental relationships

QuickWrite?! NOT AGAIN! [parents and their children], the relationship b/w parents and their childrens friends, and love) function in Act 2, Scene 1? (Consider how this impacts other aspects of the play: central ideas, character development, plot, etc.) Summary of Act 2.2 (Beginning) The ghosts demand for Hamlet to seek revenge upon Claudius is the pivotal event of Act 1. It sets the main plot of the play into motion and leads Hamlet to the idea of feigning (pretending) madness, which becomes his primary mode of interacting with other people for most of the next three acts, as well as a major device Shakespeare uses to develop his character. Within the castle, Claudius and Gertrude welcome Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, two of Hamlets friends from Wittenberg. Increasingly concerned about Hamlets erratic

behavior and his apparent inability to recover from his fathers death, the king and queen have summoned his friends to Elsinore in the hope that they might be able to cheer Hamlet out of his melancholy, or at least discover the cause of it. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern agree to investigate, and the queen orders attendants to take them to her too much changed son (II.ii.36). Turning to the subject of Hamlet, Polonius declares, after a wordy preamble, that the prince is mad with love for Ophelia. He shows the king and queen letters and love poems Hamlet has given to Ophelia, and proposes a plan to test his theory. Hamlet often walks alone through the lobby of the castle, and, at such a time, they could hide behind an arras (a curtain or wall hanging) while Ophelia confronts Hamlet, allowing them to see for themselves whether Hamlets madness really emanates from his love for her. The king declares that they will try the plan. Gertrude notices that Hamlet is approaching, reading from a book as he walks, and Polonius says that he will speak to the prince. Gertrude and Claudius exit, leaving Polonius alone with Hamlet. Polonius attempts to converse with Hamlet, who appears insane; he calls the old man a

fishmonger and answers his questions irrationally. But many of Hamlets seemingly lunatic statements hide barbed observations about Poloniuss pomposity and his old age. Polonius comments that while Hamlet is clearly mad, his replies are often pregnant with meaning (II.ii.206). He hurries away, determined to arrange the meeting between Hamlet and Ophelia. As Polonius leaves, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern enter, and Hamlet seems pleased to see them. They discuss Hamlets unhappiness about recent affairs in Denmark. Hamlet asks why they have come. Sheepishly, the two men claim they have come merely to visit Hamlet, but he sternly declares that he knows that the king and queen sent for them. They confess this to be true, and Hamlet says that he knows why: because he has lost all of his joy and descended into a state of melancholy in which everything (and everyone) appears sterile and worthless. Rosencrantz smiles and says he wonders how Hamlet will receive a theatrical troupe that is currently traveling toward the castle. The trumpets blow, announcing the arrival of the actors (or players). Hamlet tells his friends they are welcome to stay at Elsinore, but that his unclefather and aunt-mother are deceived in his madness. He is mad only some of the time and at other times is sane. Polonius enters to announce the arrival of the players, who follow him into the room. Hamlet welcomes them and entreats one of them to give him a speech about the fall of Troy and the

death of the Trojan king and queen, Priam and Hecuba. Impressed with the players speech, Hamlet orders Polonius to see them escorted to guestrooms. He announces that the next night they will hear The Murder of Gonzago performed, with an additional short speech that he will write himself. Hamlet leaves Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and now stands alone in the room . Questions for Comprehension Do Now: If you were Hamlet, what would be your next move? 1. Why is the appearance of the ghost considered a pivotal event? Identify TWO reasons. 1.It motivates Hamlet to get revenge (puts plot into motion). 2.Leads Hamlet to pretend he is mad. 2. How do Claudius and Gertrude react to Hamlets erratic behavior? What do they attempt to do?

They are concerned. They send for R & G to cheer him up AND to try to learn what is bothering him. 3. What does Polonius believe to be the cause of Hamlets madness? Polonius thinks Hamlets madness is due to his love for Ophelia & her rejection of him (unrequited love) 4. What does Hamlet tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern about himself? Hamlet tells R & G he is deeply sad (Denmark is a prison) but nothing else. 5. According to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who will be traveling to the castle? The players (a traveling acting troupe)

6. Describe the plan that Hamlet creates to determine whether or not Claudius murdered King Hamlet? Hamlet will write a scene that looks just like the murder of his father for the players to perform. Hamlet will watch Claudius reaction to the play. If he looks guilty, Hamlet will take actions. SUMMARY ACT 2.2 READ AND ANSWER QUESTIONS Aim: How does Shakespeares figurative language contribute to central ideas such as revenge and action vs. inaction? Soliloquy Player Image Weak and

powerless pale Emotional Conjures up emotions even without cause What would the player do if he had the motivation Hamlet had to be upset? Allusion- Hecuba, after seeing the murder of her

husband and children, was enslaved by the Greeks and cried and cried and cried Hyperbole, Imagery Hamlet Mopes around Not bothering to plan revenge Has motivation (father he loved was murdered!)

I am a coward otherwise I would have fed the vultures with this cowards rotting flesh Hamlet or Claudius? Am I coward? Calls me villain, hits me in the head, plucks at my noseI take all of this from him

(Claudius) Action vs Inactio n READ LINES 576-609FIRST HALF OF HAMLETS SOLILOQUY Questions for Analysis: Lines 576585 of Act 2.2 (Now I am alone. / O what a rogue to With forms to his conceit and all for nothing! / For Hecuba!) 1. How does Hamlet describe himself in line 577? What image of Hamlet does this description create? Hamlet sees himself as weak and powerless peasant slave 2. Hamlet compares himself to the player who recited a speech earlier in the scene. How does Hamlet describe the player in lines 578584?

The player is passionate and can call up any emotion without any motivation. 3. What tension does Shakespeare develop in the conversation between Hamlet and the player? Hamlet has motivation but is doing nothing about it while the player has no cause for such passion but is able to act. (Action vs. Inaction) Lines 586593 (from Whats Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba to The very faculties of eyes and ears.) 4. Paraphrase the two questions Hamlet asks about the player on lines 586589 (from Whats Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba to the cue for passion / That I have). 1. How can he cry so over someone he does not know? 2. How would he act if he REALLY had a motivation to be upset? 5. What figurative language does Hamlet use in line 589 to describe how

the player would act if he had Hamlets passion? What does this language imply about the player? Hyperbole Drown the stage with tears Lines 593607 (from Yet I, / a dull and muddy-mettled rascal to I should have fatted all the region kites / With this slaves offal.) 6. Why does Hamlet say he is like John-a-dreams, unpregnant of [his] cause in line 595? How does this contrast with Hamlets description of the player? He can say nothing for his father who was killed. Strong contrast to the passion of the player he described earlier. 7. How do Hamlets descriptions of himself and the player develop a central idea in the between play? Cite the evidence

from the the text.CI Action vs. Inaction Contrast two develop H. has motive but lacking courage Player has less motive but more passion so he acts powerfully. 8. What images does Hamlet use in lines 598602 (from Am I a coward? / Who calls me villain? to As deep as to the lungs. Who does me this?) to illustrate H. Describes that he how is asomeone coward? might bully him (slap him in the face, call him villain, etc.)

9. How does Hamlet say in lines 603604 that he should respond to the treatment described in lines 599602? Why does Hamlet say he should respond way? Hamletthis says he should take it because he is pigeon-livered and lacks gall. Quick Write: How do two central ideas develop and interact in this soliloquy? How does the use of figurative language support the development of one of these ideas? Ghost told him to get revenge. -still uncertain if ghost is good or bad.

Scene will be skillfully doneguilty creatures watching the play will be so struck they will immediately confess their evil deeds. Example Personification of ________________ Murder will be known! The Pla n Alliteratio n Rhyme

The devil is the most powerful in such situations (weakness), perhaps he is tricking me. Hamlet wants/needs stronger evidence! The play is the key to learning the Kings guilt Lines 616623 (from Fie upon t! Foh! / About, my brains! Hum, I have heard to will speak / with most miraculous organ. 1. In the first lines of the passage, about is used to mean around. Why does Hamlet say Fie upon t! Foh! About, my brains! lines 616617? In other words, how is Hamlet trying to change his thinking? Hamlet wants to stop thinking about his fathers death.

2. What does Hamlet mean by, For murder, though it have no tongue, will speak with most miraculous organ (lines 622623)? How does Shakespeares use of personification impact your understanding of these lines? Murder has its way of being found out; it cannot be kept quiet. Lines 623627 (from Ill have these players / play something like the murder of my father to If he do blench, / I know my course) and answer the following questions. 3. What is Hamlet planning to do? Write a scene for the actors to perform that will look like the murder of his father. While Claudius watches the play, Hamlet will watch him. If Claudius appears guilty, Hamlet will have his proof to take action. 4. Blench means shrink; flinch; quail. What does Hamlet mean by if he

do blench, I know my course (lines 626627)? In other words, what confirmation does Hamlet want before he takes action? Hamlet will look to see if Claudius appears guilty while watching the play. Lines 627632 (from The spirit that I have seen / May be a devil to with such spirits / Abuses me to damn me) and answer the following questions. 5. What are Hamlets fears about the ghost of his father? He is uncertain if the ghost is from hell (means to do him harm) or from heaven (meant to help him). Refer to Hamlets second soliloquy (Act 1.5, lines 99120) and reread lines 99102 (O all you host of heaven! O Earth! What Else? / And shall I couple hell? O fie, hold, hold, my heart, / and you, my sinews, grow not instant old, / But bear me stiffly up). 6. How do lines 627632 of this soliloquy develop a central idea of revenge,

also addressed in lines 99102 of Act 1.5 (shall I couple hell)? Hamlet does not know what to believe and so he wants more proof before he will get his revenge. He has set up a plan to get that proof. 7. How do lines 627632 change your understanding of Hamlets actions thus far in the play, specifically relating to his decision about whether to take revenge against Claudius? In other words, what has prevented Hamlet from taking action thus far? Hamlet is afraid to take action towards getting revenge because he is uncertain if the Ghost is honest or not. He is being very cautious and wants more proof before committing murder to get revenge. 8. How does Shakespeares use of language make the final couplet more striking in lines 633634? He uses Rhyme and Alliteration to make the lines more striking.

Think back to Act 2.2 when Hamlet asks the players to add lines to the play: 9. Based on todays lesson, what might be in the lines that Hamlet is adding to the play? Lines that would make Claudius uncomfortable. Lines that will reveal what the Ghost told Hamlet. Actions that resemble the murder of King Hamlet. Quick Write: How does Hamlets decision to stage a play impact the action of the drama? If Hamlet gets his reaction, he will then need to set forth to take revenge. If he does not have the proof, he will either need to find another means to get the info he wants, or the play would not move forward at all.

Hamlet confronts Ophelia. Polonius Speaks with King and Queen re: Hamlets behavior. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern arrive Hamlets 3rd Soliloquy. ACT 2 REVIEW Hamlet Act 2: What do you remember? Write 1 thing you remember from Act 2 on the post-it. Hamlet Act 2: What do you remember?

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern arrived and agreed to spy on Hamlet for Claudius. Polonius explains that Hamlets madness is due to his unrequited love towards Ophelia. Polonius confronted Hamlet in the lobby. Hamlet insulted

Polonius while pretending to be mad. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern try to get information about Hamlets condition. Hamlet stated that life holds no meaning. The theatrical troupe arrived and Hamlet is impressed by their performance.

Hamlet will get a confession from Claudius by using the play to get a confession. SCENE 1 1. For what 2 reasons does Polonius send Reynaldo to France? 1. To send money and letters to Laertes. 2. To spy on Laertes. 2. How can Hamlet be characterized in this act? Envious- wishes he could act as the Player does Weak and powerless- he has done nothing to get revenge Mopey- he is just wallowing in his grief 3. Why have Rosencrantz and Guildenstern been called to Denmark?

Gertrude and Claudius sent for them to cheer up Hamlet. They also hope R & G will be able get information about Hamlets recent behavior. 4. What has Fortinbras requested of Denmark? Fortinbras has agreed not to attack Denmark but will use his army to attack the Poles. He asks Denmark for permission to cross through Denmark to attack Poland. 5. What does Polonius think is the cause of Hamlets madness?

Polonius shows G & C the love letters and favours Hamlet sent Ophelia and claims it is Ophelias rejection of Hamlets love that has caused this behavior. 6. What does Polonius plan to prove his theory about Hamlets madness? Polonius suggested setting up a coincidental meeting between Hamlet and Ophelia where he will spy on their interaction from a hiding place and report back to the King and Queen. SCENE 2 7. How does Hamlet characterize himself in his soliloquy? Hamlet sees himself as weak and powerless as he has not even begun to plan his revenge for his beloved father. He also describes himself as a coward because he has not taken any action.

8. What is the purpose of the first half of Hamlets soliloquy in Act 2, Scene 2? The purpose of the 1st half of the soliloquy is for Hamlet to compare himself to the Player. Hamlet has motivation yet takes no action, where the Player has NO motivation but can act on his feelings. 9. What reasons does Hamlet himself give for not acting to get revenge? Hamlet is worried that he cannot trust that the ghost is good and therefore decides he needs more proof before he will kill Claudius. He also says that he is a coward which is why he has done nothing yet. 10. What is Hamlets plan at the end of Act 2? Hamlet will create a scene for the traveling actors to perform

for the royal court. The scene will resemble the death of King Hamlet (as told by the ghost). Hamlet will observe Claudius watching the play and look for a sign of his guilt. If Claudius appears guilty, Hamlet will have the proof he needs to take action. EMPHASIS FOR THE ASSESSMENT: Review

****Annotations**** Worksheets from class SOAPSTone -You will be asked about elements of this strategy in regards to Act 2. **You will need to have a copy of your Act 2 test with you in class. **This is NOT multiple choice

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