A Study of Current Housing Policies in the London Borough of ...

A Study of Current Housing Policies in the London Borough of ...

Brent New Housing Survey 2008 Introductions James Cialdea Computer Science, Upton MA Douglas Heath Civil Engineering, Andover MA Ryan Lawrence Mechanical Engineering and Business, Somerset MA Anthony Richardson Civil Engineering, Haverhill MA

2 Anthony Doug Massachusetts WPI James Ryan 3 Why We Are Here We are here completing our Interactive

Qualifying Project (IQP) requirement Part of the requirement for graduation from Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) Gives us valuable experience working in a professional environment 4 Outline Objectives

Methods Findings Recommendations Acknowledgments 5 Objectives Research characteristics of new housing developments Homes created within the last five years Specific goals were to obtain information regarding: Household size Overcrowding

Resident Satisfaction 6 Summary of Methods Postal questionnaire was distributed to all residents living in new homes 17.3% response rate A cash prize draw and reminder letters were used to increase response Database created for quick and easy data entry 7 Postal Questionnaire Question Design

Easy to understand Two page limit Cover Letter Design Address List Over 97% of homes created in last 5 years Initial Mailing March 18, 19, 20 Reminder Letter Mailing April 4 8 Database Design Used Microsoft Access 4 main tables for storing data Response entry form designed for speed

Queries for different types of analysis 9 Responses Versus Time 8 April Responses per Day 4 April Time 10 Response

4563 recipients 4661 mailed 98 bad addresses 17.27% response 11 Summary of Findings Average household size is 2.48 Affordable housing has a larger average household size Recent migrants from outside UK have higher average household size Overcrowding has increased in new housing Having more children increases overcrowding

Residents are satisfied with their homes Providing a garden or balcony improves satisfaction 12 Average Household Size by Ownership 3.00 2.76 2.56 2.50 2.14

2.00 2.48 1.99 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Own Shared Ownership Private

Rental Social Rental All 13 Household Size of Recent Migrants Number of Responses Avg Household Size

UK Residents of 5+ years 612 2.55 Migrants within last 5 years 46 3.04 Residents who moved to the UK within the past five years have larger household sizes 87% confidence

14 Definition of Overcrowding Having more persons in a household than livable rooms Livable rooms include large kitchens, dining rooms, living rooms or, lounges Livable rooms do not include bathrooms or rooms used for storage space Having more persons in a household than bedrooms We chose the first definition in our project 15

Overcrowding in 2001 and 2008 100% 80% 91% 69% 60% 2008 Survey Data 40% 2001 Brent Census

Data 27% 20% 0% 5% Less than 1 1 to 1.5 4% 4% 1.5 or More 16

Overcrowding by Ownership Type 36.72% 40.00% 31.66% 35.00% 24.04% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00%

10.00% 5.47% 5.03% 1.92% 16.19% 2.11% 26.63% 31.25% 22.12%

14.08% 5.00% 0.00% Owned Shared Ownership Overcrowded Social Rental Severely Private Rental

17 Overcrowding with Children Average Persons Per Room 2.00 1.78 1.80 1.50 1.60

1.31 1.40 1.20 1.05 1.00 0.80 0.82 0.60 0.60 0.40 0.20

0.00 0 1 2 3 Number of Children 4 5 or more 18

Satisfaction with Number of Rooms 19 Amenity Space Satisfaction 20 Extra Amenity Space Satisfaction 21 Summary of Recommendations Provide more amenity space in future

developments Increase the size of homes in new developments Conduct further research in the areas of: Overcrowding Migrant household trends Surveying recommendations: Ensure adequate time Use reminder letters Use cash incentives 22 Provide More Amenity Space in New Housing Our data show that having a garden increases resident satisfaction

Whether garden is private or communal does not matter Providing a balcony or patio also improves satisfaction Could be used in areas with limited space 23 New Homes Need to Be Larger 27% of newly developed homes are overcrowded Many overcrowded homes have children in them We support LDF suggestion of changing the definition of family sized housing from two or more bedrooms to three or more

24 Investigate the Effects of Overcrowding Satisfaction is not decreased in overcrowded homes Investigate other possible negative consequences of overcrowding Spread of disease and negative effects on education Look into standardizing the definition of overcrowding 25 Investigate Migrant Household

Trends Our data show with 87% confidence that recent migrants have larger household sizes Investigate: Why? Characteristics of housing developments migrants move to Causes for migration 26 Surveying Recommendations Ensure adequate time is available Time constraints limited what we could do

Short questionnaire Residents are more likely to fill out a questionnaire if it will not take long Use reminder letters Response rate increased after reminder letter was mailed Use cash incentives 27 Acknowledgements

Michael Maguire Ken Hullock Amy Tyler-Jones Ben Martin Business Administration office Alisdair Maclean Post Room Our WPI advisors Everyone else for your hospitality and support

28 Questions?

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