The Victorian Age (1830-1901) Sambourne House, London. The Victorian Age 1. Queen Victoria Victoria became queen at the age of 18; she was graceful and self-assured. She probably never expected to become Queen of England, as she was fifth in line to the throne. Her reign was the longest in British history. She took a keen interest in the government of the country, even though she was a constitutional monarch.
Franz Xavier Winterhalter, The young Queen Victoria, 1842 The Victorian Age 1. Queen Victoria Franz Xavier Winterhalter, The young Queen Victoria, 1842 In 1840 she married a German prince, her cousin, Albert of Saxe-Coburg. They had nine children and their modest family life
provided a model of respectability. When Albert died, Victoria retired and went into morning for 13 years. During this time Britain changed dramatically. The Victorian Age 2. The growth of the British Empire
England grew to become the greatest nation on earth British Empire included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Africa, Kenya, and India. The Victorian Age 2. The growth of the British Empire British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private
Collection. Great Britain imported raw materials such as cotton and silk and exported finished goods to countries around the world. The Victorian Age 2. The growth of the British Empire
British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection. By the mid-1800s, Great Britain was the largest exporter and importer of goods in the world. It was the primary manufacturer of goods and the wealthiest country in the world. The Victorian Age 2. The growth of the British Empire
British Empire throughout the World, 19th century, Private Collection. Because of Englands success, the British felt it was their duty to bring English values, laws, customs, and religion to the savage races around the world. The Victorian Age 2. The growth of the British Empire The expanding Empire offered lots of opportunity for explorers to discover new regions and to preach Christianity to the natives.
David Livingstone: he travelled to Africa and discovered the waterfall on the Zambezi river, which he named the Victoria Falls Mary Kingsley was another explorer, who travelled alone to unexplored parts of West Africa HMS Warrior The Victorian Age 3. An age of social, political and education reforms 1832: The First Reform Act granted the vote to almost all male members of middle-class.
1833: The Factory Act regulated child labour in factories. 1834: Poor Law Amendment established a system of workhouses for poor people. 1842: Women and children under 10 years were banned from underground work in mines The Victorian Age 3. An age of social, political and education reforms
1867: The Second Reform Act gave the vote to skilled working men. 1870: A national system of schools was set up and funded by local taxes 1871: Trade Union Act legalised trades unions. 1884: The Third Reform Act granted the right to vote to all male householders. Only Connect ... New Directions The Victorian Age 4. The womans question
Womens suffrage did not happen until 1918. Suffragettes The Rights of Women or Take Your Choice (1869) The Victorian Age 5. Positive aspects of the age Industrial revolution: factory system emerged; for the first time in Britains history there were more
people who lived in cities than in the countryside. Workers in a Tobacco Factory Technological advances: introduction of steam hammers and locomotives; building of a network of railways. The Victorian Age 5. Positive aspects of the age
Economical progress: Britain became the greatest economical power in the world; in 1901 the Usa became the leader, but Britain remained the first in manufacturing. Workers in a Tobacco Factory The Victorian Age 6. Crystal Palace Crystal Palace was built for the Great Exhibition of 1851; it was destroyed by fire in 1936.
It was made of iron and glass, exhibited hydraulic presses, locomotives, machine tools, power looms, power reapers and steamboat engines. The Crystal Palace The Victorian Age 7. Negative aspects of the age Pollution in towns due to factory activity.
Lack of hygienic conditions: houses were overcrowded, most people lived in miserable conditions; poor houses shared water supplies. London in 1872 Homeless Boys (1880) The Victorian Age 8. The Great Stink Epidemics, like cholera, thyphoid,
caused a high mortality in towns. They came to a peak in the Great Stink of 1858. This expression was used to describe the terrible smell in London, coming from the Thames. Caricature appearing on the magazine Punch in 1858 The Victorian Age 9. The Victorian compromise The Victorians were great
moralisers they supported: personal duty, hard work, decorum, respectability, chastity. Victorian, synonym for prude, stood for extreme repression; even furniture legs had to be concealed under heavy cloth not to be suggestive. W. H. Hunt, The Awakening Conscience, 1853-4, London, Tate Britain. The Victorian Age 9. The Victorian
The middle-class was obsessed with compromise gentility, respectability, decorum. Respectability distinguished the middle from the lower class. Decorum meant: a.Victorian private lives were dominated by an authoritarian father. b.Women were subject to male authority; they were expected to marry and make John Lamb, Victorian family portrait, 1879. home a refuge for their husbands. The Victorian Age
10. Key thinkers Karl Marx and his studies about the harm caused by industrialism in mans life. Charles Darwin and the theory of natural selection. Karl Marx Charles Darwin The Victorian Age
11. The rise of the novel The Victorians were avid consumers of literature. They borrowed books from circulating libraries and read various periodicals. Literature was the television of the age. Charles Dickens was the most famous novelist Other famous writers included Bram Stoker, the Brnte sisters, Robert louis Stephenson, Lewis Carrol and Arthur Conan Doyle
The Victorian Age 11. The rise of the novel Novels made their first appearance in instalments on the pages of periodicals. The voice of the omniscient narrator provided a comment on the plot and erected a rigid barrier between right and wrong, light and darkness. The setting chosen by most Victorian novelists was the town. Victorian writers concentrated on the creation of characters and achieved a deeper analysis of their inner life.
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