13 Colonies New England Colonies Rhode Island Connecticut Massachusetts New Hampshire
New England Climate and Physical Features Rocky Soils Short farming season Subsistence farming Bad farming conditions Great harbors for port Cities like Boston
New England Economic Comparative Advantage Commercial businesses ($$$) Fishing Shipping manufacturing New England
Why colonies were started Religious freedom Pilgrims, Puritans fled England for Massachusetts The New England Colonies Massachusetts
New Hampshire Rhode Island Connecticut Rhode Island Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock,
dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) Major Cities: Providence Colony Named for: Dutch for "red island" Became a State: May 29, 1790 Connecticut Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford
Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing) Major Cities: Hartford, New Haven Colony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, "beside the long tidal river" Became a State: February 6, 1788 Massachusetts
Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place") Became a State: February 6, 1788
New Hampshire Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Concord Colony Named for: county of Hampshire
in England Became a State: June 21, 1788 Middle Colonies Delaware Pennsylvania New York New Jersey
Middle Colonies Climate and Physical Features Good Soil Longer growing seasons than New England Ok Harbors
Middle Colonies Economic Comparative Advantage Known as the Breadbasket Grew crops like wheat and corn Provided food for other colonies Some shipping and manufacturing
Middle Colonies Why colonies were started Religious Freedom Make money through trade (New York and New Jersey) The Middle Colonies
New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Delaware Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit and
others Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) Major Cities: Wilmington Colony Named for: named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr Became a State: December 7, 1787
Pennsylvania Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, York Colony Named for: William Penn and sylvania, Latin for "forest"
Became a State: December 12, 1787 New York Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others, on Manhattan Island Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat) Major Cities: New York City, Albany
Colony Named for: Duke of York Became a State: July 26, 1788 New Jersey Founded: 1664 by English colonists Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering) Major Cities: Trenton, Princeton Colony Named for: Isle of Jersey in
England Became a State: December 18, 1787 Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina
Georgia Southern Colonies Climate and Physical Features Great Soil Warm Weather Very long growing seasons Bad harbors
Southern Colonies Economic Comparative Advantage Focused on farming cash crops Large plantation farms for tobacco, cotton, and indigo Almost no shipping
Southern Colonies Why colonies were started Almost all were started to make money by growing cash crops Maryland was started for religious freedom Georgia A place for criminals/ debtors
Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia
Maryland Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo) Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England
Became a State: April 28, 1788 Virginia Founded: 1607 by John Smith and others, at Jamestown Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn) Major Cities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, Richmond
Colony Named for: England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth I Became a State: June 25, 1788 North Carolina Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco) Major Cities: Raleigh
Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England Became a State: November 21, 1789 South Carolina Founded: 1663 by English colonists Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle)
Major Cities: Charleston Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England Became a State: May 23, 1788 Georgia Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe and others
Major Industry: Agriculture (indigo, rice, sugar) Major Cities: Savannah Colony Named for: England's King George II Became a State: January 2, 1788
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