投影片 1 - Childes

投影片 1 - Childes

CHILDES SYSTEM OVERVIEW - BASIC - 1. What is CHILDES? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Sy

st e m e ng D a h ata Exc Language

Child CHIld Language Data Exchange System Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option 2. Why we need

CHILDES? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Because.. You want to study what I say You want to investigate languages (Photo source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/klapow/203398273/)

CHILDES provides Tools for studying conversational interactions 3. Who started CHILDES?

Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Found in 1984 Concord MA Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University

The team Director Brian MacWhinney Contact Programmers

[email protected] Leonid Spektor Franklin Chen 4,500 members

130 corpora 1,500 published articles 4. Why we

need a lot of data with CHILDES? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option We needs LOTS of DATA. WHY?

Universals and Difference s Photo source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alvy/69385239/ Photo source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alvy/69385239/ 5. Where is

CHILDES? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option visit CHILDES website at http://childes.psy.cmu.edu 6. How can I get

the latest info of CHILDES? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Subscribe to the CHILDES Mailing Lists now! 7. What are the

tools provided by CHILDES? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option The CHILDES system provides tools for studying conversational interactions, including Transcript database

Methods for linguistic coding Programs for transcript analysis Systems for audio and video linking 8.

What related software do I need? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option BEFORE installing, you should have Quicktime

player Adobe reader Winzip Unicode fonts: Arial FixedSys

To read the media files To view the Manual To unzip the corpus

To display the characters Download unicode fonts - STEP ONE Download unicode fonts - STEP TWO Download unicode fonts - STEP THREE

9. Where is the CHILDES program? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option The program available at CHILDES

is called CLAN Download CLAN 4 versions are available ClanX + ClanXu

ClanWin UnixClan versions No longer supported

9. I want to install CLAN to my Windows. HOW ? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Getting Started @ Windows updated

frequently download new version Download CLAN at Program and Database Section. (Photo Source : http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/49602421)

After Download Double click the *.exe file dow nloaded and follow the instru ctions given by InstallShield (Photo Source : http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/49602421)

10. I have CLAN now. What should I do? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Download the Manual for details

CHAT Transcript System: How to record the conversation in a standard format at CHILDES. CLAN Program Manual: How to use the CLAN program 11.

I just want to study the available language database. How? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Click Database to download the

Corpus from around the world TWO ways to view the data View the corpus using WebData You can download the corpus and run the transcript in your local machine in this page.

1. Unzip the corpus into folders 2. Use CLAN program to open the *.CHA files. Local Transcripts Download the audio and video files here and place them in the same folder of the transcripts..

Download the bilingual corpus here. e.g. Download YipMatthews bilingual corpus On Window, right click the mouse >> save target as >> choose the directory for

this zip file. On Mac, click the link and it will save automatically. Unzip the corpus files Unzip the downloaded corpus by right click the mouse >> extract here

(Photo Source : http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/49602421) Unzip the corpus files 1. After extraction, folders, which contains *.cha under names of children being investigated, will place inside a folder.

2. Each folder contains *.cha files, which are transcripts of the bilingual children. (Photo Source : http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/49602421) This is a transcript in CHAT format

(*.cha file) Zoom inside a transcript FAT=Father, he is saying whats bear doing? CHI=children, saying writing a letter, letter %mor=morphological tier, list parts of speech n is NOUN, PL is plural, so friends is a plural noun

Download the Manual for more 12. How can I read transcripts together with audio & video files?

Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Playback with audio file 1. Put the corresponding audio and *.cha files in the same folder

4. Either use Esc+8 OR Click Mode >> Continuous playback (Photo Source : http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/49602421) 2. Open the CHA file

Click Mode >>Sonic Mode>>Locate the audio file. 3. Audio Wave of the sound file will pop up inside the CLAN window.

Playback with video file 1. Put corresponding video files and *.cha files in the same folder 4. Either use Esc+8 OR

Click Mode >> Continuous playback (Photo Source : http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/49602421) 2. Open the CHA file Click Mode >>Sonic Mode>>Locate the video file.

3. Video Player will pop up inside the CLAN window. 13. I want to search words/ language structure

from various corpus for research. HOW? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Command window 1. Click Window >> Commands Or Ctrl+D

2. Type the Command here basically composed of 3 subparts Basic structure of the Commands freq mlu

+t*CHI +t*MOT Command Name 0042.cha 0042.cha

Tier(s) (started with +t ) Target file name) (ended with .cha or .cex ) 14.

Can you introduce me some useful COMMANDS? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option A. MLU stands for

Mean Length Utterance The ratio of morphemes over utterances 1. Click WORKING Locate th e files/folder here by clicking SELECT DIRECTORY 2. TYPE

3. Click RUN mlu +t*CHI *.cha B. FREQ stands for Frequency

Count numbers of words used in selected files + Calculate the type token ratio (a measure of lexical diversity) 1. Click WORKING Locate th e files/folder here by clicking SELECT DIRECTORY 2. TYPE

3. Click RUN freq +t*CHI (filename).cha C. Kwal is for Keyword and Line

searching Search data for user-specified words + Output those keywords in context. 1. Click WORKING. Locate t he files/folder here by clicking SELECT DIRECTORY

2. TYPE kwal +t*CHI +t%mor +sbut (filename).cha You want to search the file with the word BUT 3. Click RUN D. Combo

is used for Combination search A powerful program that searches the data for specified combinations of words or character strings. 1. Click WORKING Locate th e files/folder here by clicking SELECT DIRECTORY

2. TYPE combo +t*CHI +swhat^is (filename).cha You want to search file with the word what+is 3. Click RUN

For more information on commands details example combo +t*MOT +s"kitty^kitty" 0042.cha kwal +sbunny -w2 +w2 0042.cha

+s xx^xx - search for specific combinations of words OR char acter strings -w* and +w* options for number of text lines included before and after the search words. 15.

WOW! Can I create a language corpus for my own kids with CHILDES? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option YES!!! http://childes.psy.cmu.edu

This is the Work Flow CHILD/INFORMANT record Sound / Video data transcribe TEXT

RUN CHECK @ CLAN link Esc-L CLAN

sound+video+transcript corpus digitalized audio/video files in computer 16. What about

the details? e.g. how to record data, digitalize the sounds & video? Photo source: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/740583 ; royal free under usage option Visit http://childes.psy.cmu.edu

CHILDES SYSTEM OVERVIEW - ADVANCE - Coming soon! This introduction was produced by Uta Lam using materials derived from the CHILDES website AND

the Bilingual Child Language Corpus contributed to CHILDES by Virginia Yip (Chinese University of Hong Kong) and Stephen Matthews (University of Hong Kong). Special Thanks to Brian MacWhinney, Virginia Yip, Stephen Matthew Contact me at [email protected] April 2007

I disclaim any responsibility in regards with photos, contents displayed and links provided by this slides. At time of review, they were deemed valuable either for this slides or content. Upon your visit this slide or its content may have changed or be unavailable.

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