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Introduction to MyGrammarLabWelcome to MyGrammarLab – a three-level grammar series that teaches and practises grammar through aunique blend of book, online and mobile resources. We recommend that you read this introduction alongwith the guide on the inside front cover to find out how to get the most out of your course.What level is MyGrammarLab?The MyGrammarLab series takes learners from elementary to advanced grammar, each level benchmarkedagainst the Common European Framework and providing grammar practice for Cambridge ESOL exams:Level descriptionCEFR levelGrammar practice for examsElementaryelementary to te to upper intermediateB1/B2PETFCEAdvancedupper intermediate to advancedC1/C2CAEIELTSWhat is unique about MyGrammarLab?MyGrammarLab offers every learner of English the opportunity to study grammar in the way that bestsuits their needs – and provides as much practice as necessary to ensure that each grammar point is learntand can be used in the context of real communication.At each level, learners have access to a variety of materials:book clear and simple explanations based on the Longman Dictionaries Defining Vocabulary of just 2000words to ensure full understanding of the grammar natural examples to illustrate the grammar points, based on the Longman Corpus Network a topic-based approach that presents grammar in context a variety of exercise types – from drills to contextualised and personalised practice a review section at the end of each module to revise the key grammar points an exit test at the end of each module to check that the grammar has been fully understood information on the pronunciation of grammar items information on common errors and how to avoid making them a grammar check section for quickly checking specific grammar points a glossary of grammar terms used in the explanationsonline a grammar teacher who explains key grammar points through short video presentationsa full diagnostic test to identify the grammar points that need to be learntmore practice for every unit of the bookregular progress tests to check that the grammar has been understoodcatch-up exercises for learners who fail the progress tests – to ensure that every learner has theopportunity to master the grammara full exit test at the end of each moduleautomatic marking and feedbackpronunciation practice of grammar itemsthe option to listen and check the answers for practice exercises from the bookadditional grammar practice for examsmobile downloadable exercises for practice anywhere, any time the ability to create exercises from a bank of practice questions automatic marking and feedback for wrong answers2M01 MGL OTH GLB 6996 ELE.indd 220/12/2011 15:07

INTRODUCTIONWhat is a MyLab?A MyLab is a Learning Management System – an online platform that enables learners and teachers tomanage the learning process via a number of online tools such as automatic marking, the recording ofgrades in a gradebook and the ability to customise a course.How can I get the most out of MyGrammarLab?To the Student:If you are using MyGrammarLab in class, your teacher will tell you which units to study and whichexercises to do.If you are using MyGrammarLab for self study, you can work through the book from Module 1 to Module20. Or you can choose a grammar point that you want to study and go to a specific unit. Here is a goodway to study a complete module:The modules in the book start with a text such as an advert, an email or a magazine article. Thetext introduces the grammar for the module. The grammar is highlighted in the text, and thenthere is a short exercise. The exercise shows you the units you need to study in order to learnmore about the main grammar points.Go online for a full diagnostic test Look for this instruction at the bottom of the first page of eachmodule. Take the diagnostic test then click on the feedback button to see which unit to go to formore information and practice.The grammar information is on the left in the book. The practice exercises are on the right. It istherefore easy to check and read the grammar while you are doing the exercises.For more information about the grammar, go online to watch the grammar videos in each unitand listen to your grammar teacher.If you would like more grammar and listening practice, you can listen to the correct answers forsome of the practice exercises in the book. Look for this symbol: 1.10 Listen and check. If youhave the book with answer key, you can check all the answers at the back of the book.Go online for more practice Look for this instruction at the end of the practice exercises in the book.All the online exercises are different to the exercises in the book. They are marked automatically.Your grades are recorded in your own gradebook.Look for this symbol on the grammar information pages in the book: . This means that there issome information on a pronunciation point. Go online to hear the information and practise thepronunciation.Go online for a progress test Look for this instruction at the end of the practice exercises in the book.The online progress tests show you if you have understood the grammar points in the units thatyou have studied. If your grade is low, do the catch-up exercises online. If your grade is good, youprobably don’t need to do these.For practice away from your computer, download the catch-up exercises questions to your mobilephone. You can create your own practice tests. Go to www.mygrammarlab.com to download.At the end of each module there is a two-page review section. The review exercises bring togetherall the grammar points in the module.Go online for more review exercisesLook for this instruction at the end of the review exercises in the book.At the end of each module, there is also a test. The test shows you how much you know and ifyou need more practice.Go online for a full exit testLook for this instruction at the end of the exit test in the book.3M01 MGL OTH GLB 6996 ELE.indd 320/12/2011 15:07

INTRODUCTIONTo the Teacher:If you are using MyGrammarLab with a class of students, you can either work through the book from thefirst to the last module, or you can select the areas that you would like your students to focus on.You can work through a module as outlined on the previous page – but as a teacher, you are able to assigntests and view all the scores from your class in one gradebook. This will enable you to see at a glance whichareas are difficult for your students – and will let you know which of your students are falling behind.For pronunciation and listening practice in class, audio CDs are available. The disk and tracknumber for each pronunciation explanation are given in the book. Look for these symbols:1.10 Listen and check.Pronunciation 1.02All tests (diagnostic, progress and exit) are hidden from students. Assign these when you wantyour class to take the test. Marking is automatic – as is the reporting of grades into the classgradebook.Some practice exercises – such as written tasks - require teacher marking. These are hidden fromyour students so you should only assign these if you want them to submit their answers to youfor marking. The grades are reported automatically into the gradebook.Key to symbols!This highlights a grammar point that learners find particularly difficult andoften gives common errors that students make.NATURAL ENGLISHSometimes a sentence may be grammatically correct, but it does not soundnatural. These notes will help you to produce natural English.GRAMMAR IN USEThis indicates an exercise which practises grammar in a typical context,often a longer passage or dialogue.This indicates where you will find pronunciation practice on the audio CDsPronunciation 1.02 and in the MyLab.2.10Listen and check.short formThis indicates that there is a recorded answer online. You can check youranswer by listening to the recording, or, if you are using the edition withanswer key, by looking in the key at the back of the book.Some words in the explanations are shown in green. This indicates that theyare included in the glossary on p. ix. Look in the glossary to find out whatthese words mean.4M01 MGL OTH GLB 6996 ELE.indd 420/12/2011 15:07

Contents: MyGrammarLab Elementary A1–A2IntroductionGlossaryviixunitUsing nouns12345678910Singular and plural nounsCountable and uncountable nouns (1)Countable and uncountable nouns (2)a / anthe, a / anUses of the and a / ansome and anymuch, many, a lot ofa little, a few, too much, too many, not enoughall, most, some, no / none, bothDiagnostic testbook/books; man/menan apple/some bread; this apple/these applesa coffee/some coffee; a paper/papera cake/an orange; a dentist/an architectthe /ðə/ banana, the /ði/ apple; the or a/an?in the morning/on Monday; play the piano/play footballsome bananas/any bananas; some/any teanot much milk/not many potatoesa little salt/a few eggsall fruit/all of the fruit in this shopReview Test Subject and object pronounsPossessive forms of nounsPossessive adjectives and pronounsthis, that, these, thoseReflexive pronouns; each otherIndefinite pronounsone / ones, another oneDiagnostic testI/me, he/himJake’s teacher/my parents’ housemy/mine, her/hersthis computer/that star, these days/those daysmyself, yourself; themselves/each othersomeone/anyone/no onethe red one/the black ones; Which one?Review Test Prepositions of place (1)Prepositions of place (2)Prepositions of movementPrepositions of time (1)Prepositions of time (2)Prepositions with other meaningsCommon phrases with agnostic test434446along, past, across, overat, in, on, from tobefore/after; for/during485052by, with, as, likeat home, in bed, on holiday5456Diagnostic test61Comparative adjectives (1)Comparative adjectives (2)Superlative adjectivesnot as as, the same ( as)6264666870727476too, enoughAdverbs of degreeThis jacket’s too small/not big enough.very, extremely, a bit, a lot7880Review Test 2college andstudying3festivals5860a long blue skirtexcited/excitingquickly, often, todayHe plays well. She’s always late.older than, more interesting thanbetter, worse, furtherthe highest, the most difficult, the bestParis isn’t as big as London.Types of adjectiveAdjectives with -ed and -ingTypes of adverbAdverbs and word orderfood anddrink1820at, in, on, abovein front of, behind, oppositeReview Test Adjectives and 24Pronouns and possessives1112131415161714hobbies andactivities82845M01 MGL OTH GLB 6996 ELE.indd 520/12/2011 15:07

CONTENTSunit5actors andperformersPresent tenses353637383940414243Present simple of beQuestions with bePresent simple (1)Present simple (2)Present continuous (1)Present continuous (2)Present simple or present continuous?have gothaveDiagnostic test8688I live. He lives. He doesn’t live. We don’t live.Do you live? Does she live?9092I’m going./He’s going.Are you leaving? Is he listening?She walks./She’s walking.She’s got four children.He has dark hair. He’s having a shower.ReviewTest6filmsDiagnostic testwas/were108We finished. He went. She saw.110Past simple (2)We didn’t finish. Did he go? What did she see?112Past continuousI was waiting. Were you waiting?114Past simple or past continuous?used toWe watched a DVD./We were watching a DVD.He used to/didn’t use to have long hair.116118Fitnessand sports120122Present perfect50515253545556Present perfect for past experiencesPresent perfect with present resultsPresent perfect with just, already, yetPresent perfect with for, since, etc.Present perfect or past simple?Present perfect continuousPresent perfect or present perfect continuous?Diagnostic testI’ve visited the USA twice.He’s broken his leg.They’ve just scored a goal.He’s known her for three months/since April.I’ve been there./I went there last year.I’ve been studying English for five years.We’ve played./We’ve been playing.ReviewTest8Businessand work124126128130132134136Diagnostic test1415758Future with going toFuture with willI’m going to make a phone call.I’ll call again later.14214459Future with present continuousand present simpleComparing future formsWe’re leaving at /The train leaves at 146will meet/be going to meet/be meeting148ReviewTestCompetitions123138140Future forms609107Past simple of bePast simple (1)ReviewTest7949698100102104106Past tenses44454647484985am/are/isAre you? Is she?150152Modal verbs616263646566Diagnostic test153can / can’tI can drive. You can’t park here.154could, will be able tocan, could, mayhave to, need tomust / mustn’tYour grandfather could dance well.156158160162Can I/Could I/May I ; Can you/could you ?You have to hit the ball. I need to see the doctor.67should, ought to, mustWe must hurry. We mustn’t be late.I had to go to hospital. You’ll have to work hard.You should eat healthy food.You really must see that film.68might, may, must be, can’t beIt might rain later. You must be tired.had to, will have toReviewTest1641661681701726M01 MGL OTH GLB 6996 ELE.indd 620/12/2011 15:07

CONTENTSunitConditionals697071Present conditionsFirst conditionalSecond conditionalDiagnostic testIf you press this switch, the light comes on.If you arrive late, they’ll be asleep.If I was rich, I’d travel around the world.Review Test 76Word order in statementsWord order in questions and imperativesVerbs with two objectsthere beit as a subject / objectDiagnostic test183The boy hit the ball./The ball hit the boy.Are you ? Can she ? Sit down.We sent her some flowers./We sent some flowers to her.There’s a new restaurant in town.It’s raining. I like it.184186188190192Review Test Yes / No questionsWh- questionswho, when, where, whywhat, which, whosehowSubject and object questionsDiagnostic testIs that a new phone? Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.Which button should I press?Who are you writing to?What’s your favourite colour? Whose is this bag?how old/how long/how tall/how wide?Who saw you?/Who did you see?Review Test 838485Diagnostic