Original texts and document concept copyright 2007 by Richard E. MandelSTAR TREK, its on-screen derivatives, and all associated materials are the propertyof Paramount Pictures Corporation. Multiple references in this document are givenunder the terms of fair use with regard to international copyright and trademark law.This is a scholarly reference work intended to explain the background and historicalaspects of STAR TREK and its spacecraft technology and is not sponsored, approved,or authorized by Paramount Pictures and its affiliated licensees.All visual materials included herein is protected by either implied or statutory copyrightand are reproduced either with the permission of the copyright holder or under theterms of fair use as defined under current international copyright law.All visual materials used in this work without clearance were obtained from publicsources through public means and were believed to be in the public domain oravailable for inclusion via the fair use doctrine at the time of printing.Cover art composited from the work ofAndrew J. Hodges (DY-100) and Industrial Light and Magic (Excelsior)This work is dedicated to Geoffery Mandel, who started it for all of us.Memory Alpha and SFHQ/Mastercom cataloging data:UFP/SFD DTA HR:217622-2-

Gfefsbujpo!Tqbdfgmjhiu!Dispopmphz!First History (Prime Two) EditionModified Okuda Timelinepreview build 20070915by Richard E. Mandel-3-

Table of ContentsNotes to self:1234no more than five major starships per section, ONLY canon/semi-canon/licensed/“reality” craft, OK to use fandom sources for back storiesForeward6Before the Stars7Saturn VEnterprise class space shuttleBuran class space shuttleSavannah class transport10131722First Steps27Venture Star class space shuttleAventeur class intersystem explorerWheeler class transportGalileo class transport28354046First Contacts51Declaration class explorerColumbus class explorerLeif Ericsson class cruiserDefiant class cruiserPioneer class colonizer5259637175The Final Frontier785War in the StarsMessier class cruiser (SFC)Cavalry class destroyer (FASA)Armstrong class heavy cruiser (FASA)Marshall class destroyer (SFC)Daedalus class cruiser (canon)6The Difficult DaysAurora class space cruiser (canon)Texas class light cruiser (SFB)Stellarford class spaceliner (SFC)Tritium class battlecruiser (SFC)7Back to BasicsMann class survey cruiser (SFC)Portsmith class destroyer (SFC/”Reverend” modified)Lowell class scout (SFC)Bode class scout (SFC)8A New DirectionBaton Rouge class cruiser (SFC)Ranger class survey cruiser (semi-canon – Jeffries unused design)Titan class shuttlecarrier (semi-canon – TMP preproduction)Bonaventure class experimental cruiser (canon - TAS “Time Trap”)Roanoke class transport (ENT)Hercules class transport (ENT)Sweden class cruiser (ENT “delta fighter”)Intrepid class light cruiser (ENT)Enterprise class cruiser (ENT)-4-

9Federation and EmpireConstitution class starship (canon)Saladin class destroyer (SFTM/semi-canon – TMP/TWOK)Hermes class scout (SFTM/semi-canon – TMP/TWOK)Ptolemy class tug (SFTM/semi-canon -- TWOK)Federation class dreadnought (SFTM/semi-canon – TMP/TWOK)10The Linear Warp RevolutionEnterprise class (canon)Miranda class (canon)“Constitution variant” (canon – DS9)Constellation class star cruiser (canon – TNG “The Battle”)11Transwarp and BeyondExcelsior class space control ship (canon)Midway class shuttlecarrier (Klingon Academy)Yamato class battleship (Klingon Academy)“original” Enterprise-C (TNG wall model – fanon “Alaska)AfterwordAcknowledgementsAppendix AHistorical Starship Comparison ChartAppendix BBrief Summaries of Other Historical Terran StarshipsDesigns Worthy of Note-5-

ForewardOne of the most anticipated TREK reference books in recent years is alsoone that never got published. Unseen Frontier: Declassified Images fromthe History of the Federation promised to be the long-overdue replacementfor the much-beloved yet timeworn STAR TREK Space Flight Chronologyfrom 1980. It was going to be a “modern” look at TREK’s history, andAdam “Mojo” Leibowitz expected much from it. That is, until he ran intothe accounting goons at Pocket Books. “TREK reference books don’t sell,”they told him, and pointed to dismal sales figures of Geoffery Mandel’sSTAR TREK Star Charts and Doug Drexler’s Deep Space Nine TechnicalManual to back up their claim. So, it went unpublished, and seeminglywith it went any chance of updating the backstory of TREK.TREK universe that have a major problem with this. I would not be honestif I did not admit I have some reservations about it as well, given its knownfaults. I intend to address these as I go; nevertheless, I will be using theOkuda chronology for the sake of having some kind of consistency withother so-called “officially accepted” works. I am setting aside my personalpreferences in order to produce a work that is consistent with canon, notfandom desire (and mine). That means it includes the Enterprise televisionseries, warts and all, despite its major discrepancies and inconsistencieswith almost everything TREK that came before it.For those of you who still have problems with this edition of the FSC, I canonly recommend the original FSC and First Editions, which you easily findwith your favorite Internet search engine. This Second Edition is not foryou. This is for the new generation of TREK mainstream fandom. This is forthose of you who swear by canon and will always swear by canon nomatter what. This one this one’s for you.Enter one Richard Evan Mandel, former hardcore STAR TREK fan in hisyouth, now a late middle-aged adult with gray in his hair and childhoodlong gone. A man who loves to write in his spare time, with a passion forresearch, who had always wanted to write a TREK reference book ever sincehe saw the premiere of the TAS episode “Beyond the Farthest Star” in thosefar-off days of youth. A man who finally had the spare time to do such athing, who perceived the gap left behind by Leibonwitz’s thwarted effort,and decided to step in the gap as best he could.R. E. Mandel([email protected])So here we are, almost two years later, and the Federation SpaceflightChronology has made the rounds of TREK Internet fandom. I honestlynever expected the original version to go over as well as it did. It waswritten by a former hardcore fan for fellow hardcore fans, and as such wasout of sorts with “official” franchise canon. You accepted it anyway andpraised my effort. For that I am grateful. That is why, when it came time todraft the Second Edition, I decided that this one would be for you: the“canon” fans, those of you who go by the chronology sanctioned by theTREK franchise. I appreciated how you accepted my earlier work eventhough it didn’t quite fit your view of the STAR TREK universe. Hopefully,this one will be more to your liking.For better or worse, Michael Okuda’s STAR TREK Chronology serves as thebackbone for this work. It must by necessity, since this work is aimed atfleshing out the STAR TREK universe as close to canon as available sourcespermit. I know there are certain of you on the hardcore fringes of the STAR-6-

Before the StarsThe Terran quest for spaceflightThe Earth is the cradle of humanity, yet mankind cannot stay in that cradle forever.- Konstantin Tsilokovsky (1903)It is sometimes difficult for Terrans to grasp the fact that almost threecenturies ago their ancestors were only thinking about powered flight.Today the concept of flight is taken for granted. Mankind flies in hisatmosphere without a second thought and trips to the stars arecommonplace. At the beginning of Terra’s 20th century, however, thedream of flight was still very much that: just a dream. It was a myth as oldas mankind himself, hearkening back to the ancient legend of Daedalus thecraftsman fashioning wings for himself and his son Icarus out of feathers andwax. Humanity is known for its dreams. It is also known for having theknack of turning its dreams into reality.United States, and Hermann Oberth of Germany. These three men are thegodfathers of the early Terran space program. Its midwife was Germanscientist Werhner von Braun, who designed the V-2, and after World War IIwould go on to become the chief architect of the early American spaceprogram. Often ridiculed by their peers and scorned as impracticaldreamers in their day, nevertheless these four brilliant scientists devised thebasic theories and technology upon which most of the Terran space effort ofthe 20th century was based. Without them there would have been noSputnik, no Vostok, no Gemini or Apollo. America would not have put aman on the moon by 1969 (Terran Old Calendar), nor would the Russianshave pioneered the Terran space station, nor would have such revolutionarytechnologies as the reusable space shuttle and heavy lift vehicle beendeveloped. Without these four men there would have been no Terranspace program for decades.When two American bicycle shop owners, Orville and Wilbur Wright, lefttheir shop in Ohio for the sandy beaches of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina atthe end of 1903 to test something called an airplane little did they knowhow their creation of fabric and wood was about to change the history ofmankind. The Age of Flight began with the Wright Brothers and the firstsuccessful flight of their frail little airplane. The Space Age, a direct offshootof the Age of Flight, was about to get underway in a mere four decades. In1944 the Nazi German government successfully test-fired the A-4 missile,later known infamously by its official military designation of V-2. It washumanity’s first true rocket in the modern sense. The success of the V-2rocket rested on the pioneering research of three different men in threedifferent countries: Konstantin Tsilokovsky of Russia, Robert Goddard of theThe 20th century was a turbulent time, marked from start to finish by globaltensions, political and social unrest, and unprecedented breakthroughs inscience and technology. It was one of those rare times in human historywhen the entire planet went through a paradigm shift in both lifestyle andphilosophy. Two world wars and dozens of smaller ones had a lot to dowith that, forcing mankind to up his level of technology again and again inrapid succession. Things that were thought impossible at the beginning ofthe 20th century, such as computers, became an inexpensive commodity by-7-

its end. So it was with the Terran space effort. The visions of the earlypioneers in the 1920s and 30s were surpassed beyond their wildestimaginations before the century reached its end.Americans had the skill, ingenuity, and resources to catch and pass theRussians in the great race to space. Kennedy would not live to see hisdream, being slain by an assassin’s bullet in 1963; however, the spaceagency that he founded would make sure his dream became reality. Thatwas NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and thedirect ancestor of UESPA. By the mid 1960s they had successfullyduplicated almost every one of the Russian space triumphs. In 1968 theybeat the Russians to the moon with the Apollo program. The first man toset foot on Luna, the Terran moon, was NASA astronaut Neil Armstrong.Six more missions would follow in the years to come. It was only thebeginning of humanity’s leap into space.As with any planetary culture’s space program rocket technology paved theway for the rest that would follow. The early efforts of the Germans, whicharrived too late near the end of World War II to make their side anydifference in the outcome, were capture and eagerly studied by thevictorious Americans and Russians. The Russians were on the scene firstand got most of the technology and notes. The Americans got the realprize, however. They got Werhner von Braun and his associates. So theofficial story goes. Whatever else they got, or was possibly spirited awaybefore they could seize it (such as the long-rumored Vrill Program) hasnever been officially disclosed.The biggest problem in getting mankind to the stars was the cost. It wasexpensive sending up large, one-way rockets that could never be usedagain. A reusable spacecraft would lessen the costs considerably. Otherfanciful dreams such as orbital elevators and tethered satellites were battedaround for years. In the end the reusable spacecraft would prove to be themost practical and cost effective approach as far as humanity wasconcerned. The Americans led in this effort this time around with their OV100 Enterprise class space shuttles, with the Russians playing a closesecond with their own Buran program. They left the rockets to theEuropeans and forged ahead with more advanced technologies. TheRussians had pioneered space station technology and were theacknowledged leaders in the field; so naturally they were in charge of theStarLab program. It was the first space station to be built by a joint effort ofspacegoing nations, and the first of many such programs on Terra.The Russians were first in overcoming almost every major hurdle at the startof the Terran Space Age. They put the first artificial satellite in orbit (SputnikI), they put the first man in space (Yuri Gagarin), the first woman in space(Valentina Tereshkova), launched the first multi-occupant spacecraft(Voshkod), and built Terra’s first operational space station (Salyut). It wasaround this point; however, that the Russian space program failed them. Atthe risk of oversimplying a complex issue their program had simplybecome too complicated for its own good. A string of calamites andlaunch failures over a decade finally resulted in the spectacular catastrophethat was the N-1 manned moon rocket launch test. The resulting explosionnot only destroyed the rocket but took out its service gantry and most ofthe launch complex as well. Successive attempts resulted in equallyspectacular explosions. It was at this point that the Russian governmentfinally stepped in and put a temporary halt to the ambitions of Russianspace scientists. Not that it mattered