Packaging and MarkingGuide For DoDDefense Contract Management AgencyMarch 20141

FOREWORDThis Booklet has not been officially adopted by DoD.It is prepared as an informational guide for familiarization purposes only and isnot intended to take the place of contractual requirements, specifications orregulations. The information contained herein is derived from currentgovernment packaging documents, pamphlets and technical manuals and isused for instructional purposes only.March 2014Originally Compiled byTed Hollanders,DCMA Packaging Specialist (Retired)Revised & Updated by theDCMAO-LSP Packaging [email protected] UNLIMITEDCREDITS: SOME PACKAGING & PRESERVATION ILLUSTRATIONSCOURTESY OF STU CRYSEL, AMCPSCC, TOBYHANNA PA2

Locations of PackagingRequirements inSolicitations & ContractsSection A - Solicitation / Contract FormSection B - Supplies & ServicesSection C - Description/Specs/Statement of WorkSection D - Packaging & MarkingSection E - Inspection & AcceptanceSection F - Deliveries or PerformanceSection I - Contract ClausesSection J - Attachments CID’s (Commercial Item Descriptions) Military or Federal Specifications Aperture Cards & Drawings Special Packaging Instructions DLA Master Solicitations FAR & DFARS clauses Product Specifications Military Standard Drawings (MS) Industry Standards (ASTM’s) Packaging Requirement Codes* Review entire contract/solicitation3

HAZARDOUS MATERIALSIn addition to Contractual Requirements MUST be Packaged in accordance with theappropriate Modal Regulation: Title 49 CFR for LandIMO/IMDG for WaterICAO/ IATA for Commercial AirAFMAN 24-204 IP* for Military Air*INTERSERVICE: DLAI 4145.3 / TM 38-250 /NAVSUP PUB 505 / MCO P4030.19JMust be marked and labeled in accordance with theappropriate Modal Regulations and when specified,MIL-STD-129.In case of conflicting information, the appropriateModal Regulations take precedence.4

ASTM D-3951Standard Practice for Commercial Packaging(Latest Revision is ASTM D3951-10)Some items which packaging IAW ASTM D-3951 may be appropriateinclude but are not limited to:Items Intended for Immediate UseItems for fulfilment of Not-Mission Capable SupplyItems Intended for Depot ConsumptionShipped small parcel post (CONUS only), Not for StockDesignated as Direct Vendor Deliveries (CONUS only)For shipments to DoD, the marking shall be IAW MIL-STD-129 (ASTM D3951-10)The decision to utilize commercial packaging is made by packaging technicalpersonnel at the Procuring (buying) activity prior to RFQ or solicitation.5

MIL-STD-2073-1Ew/CHANGE 1(7 January 2011)Standard Practice for Military PackagingApplies to items for which military packaging is required to meet operationaldemands. These items include, but are not limited to items:(a) Delivered during wartime for deployment with or sustainment tooperational units.(b) Requiring reusable containers.(c) Intended for delivery-at-sea.(d) Intended to enter the Defense Transportation and Distribution Systemand when storage is expected to exceed 6 months.APPENDICES APPENDIX A - DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS APPENDIX B - FACTORS & FORMULAE ESTABLISHING MILITARY PACKAGING QUP & ICQ APPENDIX C - CONTAINERS APPENDIX D - DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS FOR KITS (PARTS &MODIFICATION) APPENDIX E - MILITARY PACKAGING DATA FORMS APPENDIX F - MILITARY PACKAGING DESIGN VALIDATION PROVISIONS APPENDIX G - QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS APPENDIX H - PROCEDURES FOR COMPLIANCE WITH CONTAINER DESIGN RETRIEVAL SYSTEM(CDRS) REQUIREMENTS. APPENDIX J - MILITARY PACKAGING REQUIREMENT CODES(Some contracts cite MIL-STD-2073-1D)6

Military PackagingMilitary Packaging. A means of specifying the military preservation and packingthat a given item requires to ensure that it is not degraded during shipment and storage.Military Preservation. Application of materials and/or methods designed to protectan item during shipment, handling, indeterminate storage and distribution to consigneesworldwide.Military Packing. Application of any exterior protective methods, materials, ordevices to assure the integrity of the preserved item as follows: (next slide)7

Military PackingMilitary Packing. Application of any exterior protective methods, materials, ordevices to assure the integrity of the preserved item as follows:LEVEL AProtection required to meet the most severe worldwide shipment, handling andstorage conditions.A Level A pack must, in tandem with the applied methodof preservation, be capable of protecting material from theeffects of direct exposure to extremes of climate, terrain,and operational and transportation environments.Examples of containers used for Level A packingrequirements include, but are not limited to, overseastype wood boxes, and plastic and metal reusable containers.LEVEL BProtection required to meet moderate worldwide shipment, handling and storageconditions.A Level B pack must, in tandem with the applied preservation, to be capable ofprotecting material not directly exposed to extremes off climate, terrain, andoperational and transportation environments.Examples of containers used for Level B packing requirementsinclude, but are not limited to, domestic wood crates,weather-resistant fiberboard containers, fast pack containers,weather-resistant fiber drums, andweather-resistant paper and multi-wall shipping sacks.Minimal packing requirements. When anticipated logistics paths indicate that itemsrequiring military preservation, as outlined in this standard, will not be exposed to shippingenvironments more severe than those normally encountered in the commercial distributionsystem, military packing requirements need not be implemented. Acceptable minimalpacking requirements for shipments of this nature are listed in table J-IXb.8

FIVE BASIC METHODSOF MILITARY PRESERVATIONMethod 10Method 20Method 30Method 40Method 50- Physical protection- Preservative coating only- Waterproof protection- Watervaporproof protection- Watervaporproof protection with desiccant Protection from physical damage and mechanicalmalfunction is required for all methods of preservation When methods require chipboard or fiberboard containerswithin the bag, the corners and edges of the containers shallbe blunted When a transparent unit pack is specified, the preliminarywrapping shall also be transparent Preliminary wrapping materials in contact with any itemcoated with a preservative shall be greaseproof When flexible bags are used, the volume of trapped airwithin the bag shall be kept to a minimum by compressingthe bag around the contents, or by carefully drawing avacuum inside the bag When specific methods require using a bag or container,preliminary wrapping, cushioning or other dunnage materialshall be applied as necessary to protect the item, the bag, andthe container from all projections or sharp edges of the itemas well as to restrict movement of the item within the unitpack.Method 50 requires desiccant, humidity indicator and Method 50 Label(s)9

Method 10Physical ProtectionTypes of items to be preserved Method 10:Plastic, Ceramics, Glass, Painted Metal, Finished Wood Products.Unpreserved items shall be provided protection from physicaldamage and mechanical malfunction. Cushioning materials,dunnage, blocking and bracing shall be applied as required toprotect the items and the enclosing media and restrict the10movement of the item within the container.

Method 20Physical Protection with Preservative(with greaseproof wrap, as required) Preservative shall be applied directly after cleaning and drying Contact preservative coated items shall be wrapped in materialconforming to MIL-PRF-121 or QQ-A-187611

Method 31Waterproof Bag, Heat SealedWhen specified in the contract or order, a carton or box shall berequired to effect the unit container and the primary cushioningspecified in the contract or order shall be placed between theoutside of the bag and the inside of the carton or box12

Method 32Container, Waterproof Bag, Heat Sealed13

Method 33Greaseproof – Waterproof bag, heat sealed14

Method 41Watervaporproof bag, heat sealedFor electrostatic protection refer to - ESDS items shall be preservedin accordance with table J-Ia,Code "GX"15

Method 42Container, Watervaporproof bag, heat sealed, Container16

Method 43Floating Watervaporproof Bag, Heat SealedWhen the outer container becomes the shipping container, it shall bemarked as a shipping container in accordance with MIL-STD-129; thebag shall be marked as a unit pack in accordance with MIL-STD-12917

Method 44Rigid Container (other than metal)18

Method 45Rigid Metal Container, Sealed19

Method 51Watervaporproof Bag with Desiccant, Heat Sealed The bag size shall be of sufficient surface area to permit twosubsequent resealings.The humidity indicator shall be firmly secured directly behind theinspection window or immediately within the closure seal of thecontainer.20

Method 52Container, Watervaporproof Bag w/Desiccant, HeatSealed, ContainerUnder no circumstances shall desiccant be permitted to come in directcontact with critical surfaces of the enclosed item.21

Sample WorksheetMIL-STD-2073-1E WorksheetPURPOSE: To translate packaging requirements from Orders or Contracts which specify Packaging Requirements Codes in accordancewith MIL-STD-2073-1EContractor:Contract Number:Procuring Office:Item Description:HEADINGDETAILTABLEQUPQuantity per UnitPackPage 142Para. J.4.3ICQIntermediateContainerQuantityPage 143Para J.4.11MOPMethodPreservationJ.I or J.IaCDCleaning andDryingJ.IIPMPreservativeMaterialJ.IIIWMWrap MaterialJ.IVCUDCushioning /Dunnage MaterialJ.VCTCushioningThicknessJ.VIUCUnit nit .VIIIaPACKLevel A MilitaryPackingJ.IXPACKLevel B MilitaryPackingJ.IXaPACKMinimal PackingJ.IXbSP MKSpecial MarkingJ.XCODEREQUIREMENT22

MIL-STD-20731E(1)PACKAGING REQUIREMENT CODES(PRC)QUP (QUANTITY PER UNIT PACK)Para. J.4.3States the quantity per unit pack in the clear up to 999. BLK will be used for Bulkand ZZZ for Special Requirements listed in supplemental data or drawingsICQ (INTERMEDIATE CONTAINER QUANTITY)Para J.4.11When intermediate containers are used, the number of unit packs per intermediatecontainers up to 100 will be listed in the clear. Other codes may be AAA, XXX or ZZZ.PRESERVATIONTable J.I, & J.IaMethod of Preservation will be a two (2) digit code derived from the tables. TableJ.I information is for the preservation methods and submethods established by Para. 5.2.3Table J.Ia codes are for packaging procedures which are regularly used and require amore detailed description than allowed by the basic code and yet do not require the use ofspecial packaging instructions.CLEANING & DRYING PROCEDURESTable J.IIThis is a one (1) digit code sometimes shown as CLN/DRY or C/D.PRESERVATIVE MATERIALTable J.IIIA two (2) digit code. Refers to the type of material to be used to coat the item.Table J-III lists contact preservative material in alphanumeric order.WRAPSTable J.IVA two (2) digit code. This is a listing of what the item will be wrapped in after it hasbeen properly preserved.23

CUSHIONING AND DUNNAGETable J.VA two (2) digit code. Codes listing the cushioning and dunnage material that will beutilized after the item has been wrapped. This material will usually be placed betweenthe wrapped item and the inside of the unit containerCUSHIONING THICKNESSTable J.VIOne (1) digit code listing the minimum thickness that is required between the unitand the unit container in any one direction.UNIT CONTAINERTable J.VIITwo (2) digit code listing the type of container into which the item will be placed.INTERMEDIATE CONTAINERTable J.VIITwo (2) digit code listing the type of container that is to be used if an intermediatecontainer is necessary.UNIT CONTAINER LEVELTable J.VIIIOne (1) digit:"O" - Denotes the unit container is not an acceptable shipping container."A" or "B" - Denotes if the container is an acceptable shipping container and whatthe highest level of protection will be afforded by this container."Z" - Indicates that the container requires special considerations (air only, insidestorage only, etc.)OPI (Optional Procedure Indicator)Table J.VIIIa"A" is indicated if packaging is in accordance with a specification or a specialpackaging instruction."M" indicates that all packaging data is mandatory for compliance and nosubstitutions are permitted."O" indicates that options can be exercised as to specific method of preservation orDoD approved packaging materials to be used. However, basic preservation method shallbe retained and unit package dimensions shall not be increased by more than one inch.Equal or better protection shall be given the item and there shall be no increase in thepackage cost.24

MILITARY PACKINGTable J.IX & IXaOne (1) digit code. Indicates the type of shipping container for MILITARY packing.MINIMAL PACKINGTable J.IXbOne (1) digit code. Indicates the type of shipping container for Minimal packing.SPECIAL MARKINGSTable J.XTwo (2) digit code. If more than one code or a combination of codes not included inthe table must be specified, "ZZ" will be annotated which indicates that supplementaldata is listed elsewhere.Some contracts will show the following information:UNIT PACK WEIGHTFive (5) digit numerical code. It shows the actual unit pack weight in the clear to thenearest on tenth of a pound. The decimal point does not show.UNIT PACK SIZELGTHWDTHDPTHFour (4) digit numerical code. This code shows the outside dimensions in the clearto the nearest tenth of an inch in the order of length, width and depth (or height). Thedecimal points do not show. (Example: 0035 3 1/2")UNIT PACK CUBEWH CUB1000thFour (4) digits for the whole cube and three (3) digits in the 1000th column. Theseseven (7) numbers indicate the actual cube of the unit pack to the nearest one t