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CONTENTSHALF-TERM 2: BEOWULF. 1Lesson 1: Non-fiction reading – Beowulf: the historical context. 1Lesson 2: Beowulf Vocabulary. 4Lesson 3: Beowulf language analysis and grammar. 7lesson 4: Beowulf - Writing your own epic. 9Lesson 5: Beowulf Revision. 13HALF-TERM 3: HISTORY OF BRITISH POETRY. 14lesson 1: Vocabulary. 14lesson 2: Non Fiction Reading – The Canterbury Tales. 16Questions. 16Lesson 3: Creative Writing Lesson - Poetry Portfolio. 18Lesson 4: Close Text Analysis – Characterisation in Goblin Market. 20First Published September 2019 ELSS 2019The Clock MillLondon E3 3DULesson 5: Grammar – Word Classes. 24HALF-TERM 4: MACBETH . 25Lesson 1: Non Fiction Reading. 25email: [email protected] rights reservedAll ELSS publications seek to further its objective of promotingthe advancement of learning. The views expressedare those of the authors.lesson 2: Vocabulary. 28Typeset byELSS PublicationsHALF-TERM 5: macbeth and grammar for writing. 41Lesson 3: Creative Writing. 30Lesson 4: Literature Essay. 33lesson 5: Grammar Focus. 38Lesson 1: The History of Tragedy. 41lesson 2: Memorise your soliloquy. 44Lesson 3: Classical Greek Tragedy and Shakespearean Tragedy. 45Lesson 4: Sentence and Punctuation Variety. 48Lesson 5: Vocabulary. 50HALF-TERM 6: OPINIONATED WRITING. 52Lesson 1: Article writing. 52Lesson 2: Sorry seems to be the hardest word. 55Lesson 3: Opinionated Writing. 60Lesson 4: Rhetorical Devices. 63

ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20HALF-TERM 2: BEOWULFLESSON 1: NON-FICTION READING – BEOWULF: THE HISTORICAL CONTEXTRead the following information about the context (background) of Beowulf.By the time the story of Beowulf was composed by an unknown Anglo-Saxon poet around700 AD much of its material had been in circulation in oral narrative for many years.The Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian peoples had invaded the island of Britain and settledthere several hundred years earlier, bringing with them several closely related Germaniclanguages that would evolve into Old English.Elements of the Beowulf story—including its setting and characters—date back to theperiod before the migration. The action of the poem takes place around 500 AD.Many of the characters in the poem—the Swedish and Danish royal family members, forexample—correspond to actual historical figures. Originally pagan warriors, the AngloSaxon and Scandinavian invaders experienced a large-scale conversion to Christianity atthe end of the sixth century. Though still an old pagan story, Beowulf thus came to be toldby a Christian poet. The Beowulf poet is often at pains to attribute Christian thoughts andmotives to his characters, who frequently behave in distinctly un-Christian ways.The Beowulf that we read today is therefore probably quite unlike the Beowulf withwhich the first Anglo-Saxon audiences were familiar. The combination of a pagan storywith a Christian narrator is fairly unusual. The plot of the poem concerns Scandinavianculture, but much of the poem’s narrative intervention reveals that the poet’s culture wassomewhat different from that of his ancestors, and that of his characters as well.The world that Beowulf depicts and the heroic code of honor that defines much of thestory is a relic of pre–Anglo-Saxon culture. The story is set in Scandinavia, before themigration. Though it is a traditional story—part of a Germanic oral tradition—the poemas we have it is thought to be the work of a single poet. It was composed in England (notin Scandinavia) and is historical in its perspective, recording the values and culture of abygone era.Many of those values, including the heroic code, were still operative to some degree inwhen the poem was written. These values had evolved to some extent in the interveningcenturies and were continuing to change. In the Scandinavian world of the story, tinytribes of people rally around strong kings, who protect their people from danger—especially from confrontations with other tribes. The warrior culture that results fromthis early feudal arrangement is extremely important, both to the story and to ourunderstanding of Saxon civilization.Strong kings demand bravery and loyalty from their warriors, whom they repay withtreasures won in war. Mead-halls such as Heorot in Beowulf were places where warriorsPage 1 of 66

ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20would gather in the presence of their lord to drink, boast, tell stories, and receive gifts.Although these mead-halls offered sanctuary, the early Middle Ages were a dangeroustime, and the paranoid sense of foreboding and doom that runs throughout Beowulfevidences the constant fear of invasion that plagued Scandinavian society.ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-202. Note down the eight most important pieces of information in the article.Only a single manuscript of Beowulf survived the Anglo-Saxon era. For many centuries,the manuscript was all but forgotten, and, in the 1700s, it was nearly destroyed in a fire. Itwas not until the nineteenth century that widespread interest in the document emergedamong scholars and translators of Old English.It was not until 1936, when the Oxford scholar J. R. R. Tolkien (who later wrote The Hobbitand The Lord of the Rings, works heavily influenced by Beowulf) published a groundbreaking paper entitled “Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics” that the manuscriptgained recognition as a serious work of art.1. Make a list of 10 ‘wow’ words (advanced vocab) from the article and write down what youthink they mean.Page 2 of 66Page 3 of 66

ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-203. Based on this article, why do you think that Beowulf is still read today?ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20e) Tyrant (n) – a cruel rulerf) Slumber (n) – sleep2. Write the following sentences in your own words.a) My ancestor prospered despite her reckless nature.LESSON 2: BEOWULF VOCABULARY1. Write out one correct sentence for each of the following words. Your sentence shoulddemonstrate you know the meaning of the word. For example, write – ‘His attempt to jump intothe stormy sea was reckless’, not just ‘He was reckless’.a) Perilous (adj) – full of danger or riskb) The gluttonous monster with the grotesque eyes desired vengeance.b) Renowned (adj) - known or talked about by many people; famousc) With ferocity, the hero severed the intruder’s arm.c) Lingering (adj) – lasting for a long timed) Peerless (adj) - unequalledPage 4 of 66Page 5 of 66

ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-203. Write out these sentences, filling in the correct word from the list below. You may need toadapt the word.LESSON 3: BEOWULF LANGUAGE ANALYSIS AND GRAMMARI was by the . appearance of the monster in‘How does Morpurgo present the character of Hrothgar?’1. Write a 100 word introduction to the following question:front of me, standing there with its fangs. It was determinedto my progress, and a look of .was writtenacross its face.Hinder (v) - make it difficult for (someone) to do somethingVenomous (adj) - poisonousFormidable (adj) - inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large or powerfulEnthral (v) - capture the fascinated attention of.Defiance (n) - open resistance; bold disobedience.Page 6 of 66Page 7 of 66

ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-202. Quote: ‘Suddenly then the God-cursed brute was creating havoc: greedy and grim, hegrabbed thirty men from their resting places and rushed to his lair, flushed up and inflamedfrom the raid, blundering back with the butchered corpses. ‘Find as many examples of the following word classes as you can from the above quote.Nouns:Verbs:ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20LESSON 4: BEOWULF - WRITING YOUR OWN EPICWrite a 300 word scene from an epic story. You can choose what aspects of the epic you wantto write about. It could be: a hero a journey a fight a monster a supernatural eventYou will have to think of your own characters and settings; this is a test of your imaginationas well as your writing ability. You can write about modern day events in an epic style; youcan make it a mock epic if you wish.Remember to use the language of the epic, including:Adjectives: strong verbs advanced vocab varied adjectives figurative language including similes, metaphors and personification kennings hyperbole (exaggeration)Here is an example of epic writing from The Odyssey by Homer:Prepositions:The wind carried me from Ilium to Ismarus, city of the Cicones. I sacked the city and slew themen. Then as you might imagine I ordered us to slip away quickly, but my foolish followerswouldn’t listen. They drank the wine, and slaughtered many sheep and shambling cattle withtwisted horns.Meanwhile the Cicones rounded up others, their neighbours further inland, more numerousand braver, men skilled at fighting their enemies from chariots and on foot, as needed. Atdawn they came, as many as the leaves and flowers of the spring: and disaster sent by Zeusovertook us, doomed, as we were, to endless trouble.Drawing up their ranks by the swift ships, they fought us, each side hurling bronze-tippedspears at the other.Pronouns:Page 8 of 66Page 9 of 66

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ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20LESSON 5: BEOWULF REVISIONHow to revise:Read through the knowledge grid provided by your English teacher regularly in therun up to your exam. Test yourself on your memory of the key factual information,and work on understanding all the key terminology and ideas.VocabularyAncestor (n) – a person someone is descended fromProsper (v) – succeed, grow strongEnthral (v) - capture the fascinated attention of.Reckless (adj) – unaware of dangerPerilous (adj) – full of danger or riskRenowned (adj) - known or talked about by many people; famousLingering (adj) – lasting for a long timePeerless (adj) - unequalledTyrant (n) – a cruel rulerSlumber (n) - sleepGluttonous (adj) - greedyGrotesque (adj) - hideousVengeance (n) - revengeFerocity (n) – being ferociousSever (v) - divide by cutting or slicing, especially suddenly and forcibly.Hinder (v) - make it difficult for (someone) to do somethingIntruder (n) - a person who trespasses, especially into a building with criminal intent.Venomous (adj) - poisonousFormidable (adj) - inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large orpowerfulDefiance (n) - open resistance; bold disobedience.Page 12 of 66Page 13 of 66

ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20ENGLISH YEAR 07PREP BOOK 2019-20HALF-TERM 3: HISTORY OF BRITISH POETRY2. Write these sentences in your own words.LESSON 1: VOCABULARYa) The eternally impulsive student had a strong sense of nostalgia.1. Write out one correct sentence for each of the following words. Your sentence shoulddemonstrate you know the meaning of the word. For example, write – ‘His attempt to jump intothe stormy sea was reckless’, not just ‘He was reckless’.a) Abundant (adj): existing or available in large quantities; plentiful.b) The illiterate man lingered outside, standing there in manacles.b) Aristocrat (n): a member of a rich family with a title.c) Oblivious to the frenzied crowds around her, Jada felt melancholic.c) Chartered (adj): formally recognised in a written document.3. Write out these sentences, filling in the correct word from the list below. You may need toadapt the word.d) Compromise (n): accept standards that are lower than desirable.The