BEAR-HUMAN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT PLANKATMAI NATIONAL PARK AND PRESERVEANIAKCHAK NATIONAL MONUMENT AND PRESERVEALAGNAK WILD RIVERRevised March 2006This plan is approved and rescinds all previous bear management plans issued forKATM/ANIA/ALAGApproved by:SuperintendentDate

KATM/ANIA/ALAGBear-Human Conflict Management PlanMarch 2006TABLE OF CONTENTSLIST OF APPENDICES. 31.0 INTRODUCTION . 52.0 MANAGEMENT AREAS. 62.1 Frontcountry . 62.2 Backcountry. 63.0 PREVENTIVE MANAGEMENT . 63.1 Education. Centers. 7Display Boards and Wayside Exhibits . 7Interpretive Activities . 8Informational Handouts . 8Brown Bear Booster Program. 8Brooks Camp Signs . 8Staff Training: Bear Safety and Behavior . 8Staff Training: Firearms . 93.2 Human Food, Garbage, and Harvested Fish and Game . and State Regulations and Their Interpretation . 9Bear Resistant Containers (BRCs). 10Human Food and Garbage . 10Spills . 12Angling and Fish Storage . 12Recommendations Regarding Legally Harvested Game . 133.3 Other Man-Made Items as Possible Bear Attractants . 133.3.1 Brooks Camp . 133.4 Animal Carcasses . 143.4.1 Frontcountry . 143.4.2 Backcountry. 143.5 Structural Methods . 153.5.1 Brooks Camp Platforms and Boardwalks. 153.5.2 Barriers/Fencing . 153.5.3 Bear Boards . 163.6 Trail Brushing. 163.7 Human Behavior. 163.7.1 General Parkwide Guidelines . 163.7.2 Brooks Camp . 181

KATM/ANIA/ALAGBear-Human Conflict Management PlanMarch 20063.7.3 Backcountry. 203.8 Aircraft Take-Off, Landing, and Step-Taxi Operations . 204.0 RESPONSIVE MANAGEMENT . 214.1 Techniques. 214.1.1 Investigation . 214.1.2 Monitoring . 214.1.3 Hazing and Aversive Conditioning . 224.1.4 Planned Management Actions . 264.1.5 Emergency Closures . 264.1.6 Marking . 274.1.7 Immobilization and Translocation . 274.1.8 Destruction. 274.1.9 Removal to Captive Facility . 284.1.10 Management of Visitors . 284.2 Management Response Scenarios . 294.2.1 Frontcountry . 294.2.2 Backcountry. 345.0 DOCUMENTATION OF BEAR-HUMAN CONFLICTS. 365.1 Bear Management Report Forms (BMRF). 365.2 Case Incident Reports (10-343). 376.0 MONITORING AND RESEARCH . 376.1 Brooks River. 376.1.1 Observational Monitoring and Research on Bear and Human Use . 377.0 EVALUATION AND REVISION OF PLAN. 388.0 LITERATURE CITED . 389.0 BEAR MANAGEMENT PLAN REVISION HISTORY. 42FIGURE 1. Location of Brooks Camp along Naknek Lake, Katmai National Park, Alaska .43FIGURE 2. Brooks River vicinity, Katmai National Park, Alaska .442

KATM/ANIA/ALAGBear-Human Conflict Management PlanMarch 2006LIST OF APPENDICESAPPENDIX 1.BEAR-HUMAN CONFLICT CATEGORIES.45APPENDIX 2.INFORMATION GIVEN TO VISITORS DURING BROOKS CAMPVISITOR ORIENTATIONS .47APPENDIX 3.INFORMATIONAL HANDOUTS FOR VISITORS LIST.51APPENDIX 4.INFORMATIONAL HANDOUTS FOR STAFF TRAINING.52Brooks River bear management: basic information for employees .52Suggestions for managing access to the floating bridge at Brooks Camp .53Safe conduct in bear country, some guidelines .54APPENDIX 5.EXCERPTS AND FORMS FROM ALASKA REGION FIREARMSPOLICY.59Excerpts from Alaska Region policy 110-006, management of firearms andammunition.59USDOI-NPS, Alaska Region, request to use and carry firearms, non-lawenforcement firearms in Alaska .60APPENDIX 6.FEDERAL REGULATIONS RELEVANT TO BEAR MANAGEMENT. .62KATM/ANIA/ALAG Compendium 2006 .62Excerpts from Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (36 CFR) relevant tobear management.78APPENDIX 7.BACKGROUND: BEAR HABITUATION TO PEOPLE AND WILDLIFEDISTANCE REQUIREMENTS .80Bear habituation to people.80Wildlife distance requirements.81APPENDIX 8.SUGGESTIONS FOR NPS PERSONNEL ESTABLISHING TEMPORARYBACKCOUNTRY CAMPS. .84APPENDIX 9.BEAR RESPONSE PROCEDURES: INITIAL RESPONSE AND USE OFHAZING TECHNIQUES.85Response to potential bear problem .85Hazing and aversive conditioning: background and considerations .86Guidelines for use of hazing rounds.88Hazing tools: characteristics, background, and observations.90Notes regarding responding to bear incidents .92APPENDIX 10. BEAR RESPONSE PROCEDURES: BEAR ATTACK.93Response to bear attack: overview .93Response to bear attack: details .94Investigating a bear attack.95Investigating a bear attack, victim/witness interview form.97Skinning bears .1023

KATM/ANIA/ALAGBear-Human Conflict Management PlanMarch 2006APPENDIX 11. BEAR PEPPER SPRAY TRAINING .105Interagency Grizzly Bear Recovery Committee bear pepper spray positionpaper .105Bear pepper spray precautions .107Bear pepper spray first aid.107Bear pepper spray field use: reports in brief .108Katmai National Park and Preserve bear pepper spray carry and use.109KATM/ANIA/ALAG authorization to carry bear pepper spray .110APPENDIX 12. BEAR-HUMAN CONFLICT DOCUMENTATION .111Example narrative for a bear management action 10-343.111Bear management report form (BMRF) instructions, Brooks River form .112Bear management report form (BMRF), Brooks River, figure 1 .124Bear management report form (BMRF), Brooks River, page 1 .125Bear management report form (BMRF), Brooks River, page 2 .126Bear management report form (BMRF) instructions, backcountry form.127Bear management report form (BMRF), backcountry, page 1.138Bear management report form (BMRF), backcountry, page 2.1394

KATM/ANiA/ALAGBear-Human Conflict Management Plan1.0March 2006INTRODUCTIONKatmai National Monument was established on September 24, 1918. It was subsequentlyenlarged by three executive orders, then enlarged and re-designated Katmai National Park andPreserve by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) (PL 96-487) of1980. Sever