Transcription

LORD OF THE FLIESby William Goldingadapted by Nigel Williamsdirected by Marcus RomerEducationResourcePack updated Sept 08created by Helen Cadbury!www.pilot-theatre.com! !!!!!1

Lord of the Flies Education Resource PackCONTENTSIntroduction3Synopsis4About Pilot5Director's Vision6William Golding7Nigel Williams8From Page to StageThe Casting Process9The Casting Breakdown10From Page to Stage11A Day in Rehearsal12Meet the Actor - Davood Ghadami13Meet the Actor - Dominic Doughty14The Cast15Behind the Scenes at Pilot Theatrewith Katie Fathers - Projects Co-ordinator16WORKSHOPS AND CLASSROOMACTIVITIESWorking from Themes17The Island - Descriptive Language18- continuedBetrayal - Piggy and Ralph20Betrayal/ first script extract21Betrayal/ second script extract22Betrayal/ third script extract23Killing The Pig - Dramatic Tension24Killing the Pig/script extract25Killing the Pig/novel extract26Further Resources!1927www.pilot-theatre.com! !!!!!2

Lord of the Flies Education Resource PackINTRODUCTIONWelcome to Pilot Theatre’s 10th Anniversary Productionof Lord of The FliesLord of the Flies is a timeless piece of work following the central theme of the journey fromboyhood to manhood. William Golding described writing his novel as ‘like lamenting the lostchildhood of the world’. Our production remains true to the vision of the novel, but in keepingwith Pilot’s style of performance, this show is dangerous, contemporary and exciting.This education pack offers resources that give an insight into the production and that explorethe themes of the play. These pages can be incorporated into your own schemes of work inEnglish and Drama/Performing Arts, with cross-curricular links to PSHE and Citizenship. Ourwork is strongly rooted in New Technologies and is an excellent opportunity to explore ITthrough the excitement and spectacle of live theatre.Suitable for 11 the production is accompanied by a full workshop programme that is aimed atKey Stages 3 and 4, exploring the theatrical opportunities presented by the play Lord of theFlies. These have particular reference to the issues and dilemmas in the play which relate toyoung people whilst keying into the curriculum and working in partnership with teachers.The workshops also offer the students an opportunity to work through a similar process as theactors will have done in rehearsal. These are available as either half day or full day workshops to be booked directly through the Pilot.email: [email protected] phone: 01904 635755The first three schools at each venue to book a group of 50 students will be entitled to aFREE half day workshop (up to 30 students). Please ask the box office at your local venuefor further details.In order to offer a unique window on the process of creating Pilot Theatre’s tour of Lord ofthe Flies, this pack will be updated during the rehearsal process and new pages will be available in September.With thanks to Lucy Clark, who created the original pack and taught me how to hunt for pigswith the young people of Carousel Theater, Berlin.Helen CadburySeptember 2008A Message from Marcus Romer - Artistic Director“Connecting with people is what makes us human and this piece of work can helppeople to connect with each other. You can learn a lot by sharing ideas with otherpeople, not just because you have to study this story, or because you’ve got to getthrough an exam, but actually because there are things in this play about how we liveour lives, things which connect us to the world around us.Which character would you be from Lord of the Flies? At what point would you standup and say something? At what point would you intervene, at what point would youstand up and say no, enough is enough, that must stop? Whether we are witnessingbullying or worse, we all have the chance to say something and those chances happen all through your life and not just at school. I hope you enjoy your experience ofseeing our show, and connecting with us, and that it helps you to think about the answers to some of those questions.”!www.pilot-theatre.com! !!!!!3

Lord of the Flies Education Resource PackLord of the Flies Education Resource PackSYNOPSISA group of English schoolboys, evacuated from a potential war situation, find themselves on a small tropical island after their plane is shot down. There are no adultsurvivors. They elect Ralph as their chief, despite the claims of Jack Merridew, thehead choir boy, to be leader. The boys have a meeting to decide what they should doand agree to make a signal fire on top of the mountain to attract passing ships.After some weeks it is clear that Ralph and Jack have different priorities; Ralph triesto build shelters and keep a fire going that has been lit with the help of Piggy’sglasses, whilst Jack hunts for pigs. Meanwhile, some boys are scared of a ‘beast’they believe is on the Island. While Jack and the hunters are off hunting, a ship isseen on the horizon, but the signal fire on the mountain has gone out. The huntersreturn, having killed a pig and proceed to act out their success, chanting and dancingin a circle.The body of a dead airman has landed on the island and is wedged between rocksbeside the signal fire on the mountain. Sam and Eric, the twins, are terrified and rundown the mountain to tell the others about the ‘beast’. The boys assume that it mustlive in an area that they have not yet been to and decide to search the island.Jack claims Ralph is not fit to be chief. Jack leaves without support, but gradually theboys leave Ralph and join his hunting tribe. Simon has hidden in the forest andwatches as Jack and his tribe kill a pig, place it’s head on an upright spear and offer itas a gift to the ‘beast’. Simon goes up the mountain and finds the rotting corpse ofthe airman and realises that it is not a beast. He makes his way down the mountainto tell the others what he has seen.Meanwhile, the boys are feasting at Jack’s campfire and they begin a ritual dance. Asthe dance becomes more frenzied, Simon crawls out of the forest into the centre ofthe stamping circle and is beaten to death by the boys. His body is left on the beachand is carried away to sea.Sam and Eric, Piggy and Ralph are left to sustain their fire, but have to let it go out atnight. Jack’s tribe have moved to Castle Rock and as they have no means of lightinga fire, they raid Ralph’s camp and steal Piggy’s glasses.Ralph, Piggy, Sam and Eric go and see Jack to demand Piggy’s glasses back, butfind the entrance to Castle Rock guarded. Jack and Ralph argue and then fight. Samand Eric are taken prisoner. Roger releases a huge boulder that knocks Piggy to hisdeath. Ralph escapes into the forest.The next day he is hunted like a pig by Jack and his tribe, who flush him out of theundergrowth by setting fire to the jungle which quickly becomes out of control. Ralphreaches the beach. A Royal Navy ship has seen the smoke from the Island and anofficer is standing on the beach. He has come to take the boys off the island.4www.pilot-theatre.com

Lord of the Flies Education Resource PackLord of the Flies Education Resource PackABOUTPILOTIn the BeginningPilot Theatre is a national touring theatre company based in Yorkshire.Launched in 1981 by a group of students from Bretton Hall College, the Company worked throughout the 1980s as a devising collective responding reactively to requests for work. The projects that followed ranged from playschemeactivities to workshop sessions to touring issue based work in schools.In 1994, the company appointed a new Artistic Director, Marcus Romer, andPilot developed its touring circuit nationally. Lord of the Flies, our first midscale touring project reached an audience of 40,000 on its first tour. The company began a series of important collaborations with nationally significantvenues, such as York Theatre Royal and the Lyric Theatre Hammersmith,ShowsSince then productions have included Rumble Fish, Unsuitable Girls, Mirad A Boy from Bosnia, Road, Kiss of a Spiderwoman, The Tale of Teeka, Beautiful Thing, a/s/l? age/sex/location, Bloodtide, Lord of the Flies, East is East,Looking For JJ and Fungus The Bogeyman. Pilot also became a key memberof Magic Net, the European network of theatre makers.25th BirthdayIn 2006, we celebrated our 25th anniversary with a seven month tour of RoyWilliams' Sing Yer Heart Out for the Lads, and during this time we also produced Roald Dahl's The Twits, and John Osborne's Look Back in Anger.Bollywood and Beyond.On June 9th 2007, Pilot Theatre created the Opening Sequence at the prestigious International Indian Film Awards Ceremony at Sheffield Arena, with anaudience of 15,000 and a Global TV audience of 500 million. You can view iton YouTube.Our digital and online strategy is one of Pilot Theatre’s key developments. Wehave established a presence on YouTube, Facebook, Bebo, MySpace, iTunes(podcasts), and Second Life, as well as extending the web 2.0 and feedbackcapabilities of our own website pilot-theatre.com The proliferation of usergenerated content sites means we have shifted from a ‘read-only’ culture to aread/write culture that allows users to respond and create. The great thingabout this is the opportunity for participation and collaboration; we can reachpeople who otherwise have no way of engaging with the company and supplement the experience of those who can see a live performance. The resultant unlocking of creative potential is not only liberating, but essential to thecultural health of our theatre ecology.5www.pilot-theatre.com

Lord of the Flies Education Resource PackDirector’s Visionway we couldn’t ten or fifteen yearsago.Marcus RomerLord of The Flieswas the beginning of my journey into literature. I first read itwhen I was fifteen and it hadan amazing effecton me. Subsequently I readthings like Clockwork Orange andother books about people of my age,set in dystopian worlds, which haduncomfortable similarities to theworld I was growing up in. I began tosee how important these storieswere and I started to recognise somefor the archetypes and some of thecharacters from Lord of the Flies inmy own school at that particulartime, (even though the book hadbeen written at least twenty yearsbefore I was in secondary school.)But it was still very current then andit’s even more current now.The first time we did the play was tenyears ago in the shadow of the Stephen Lawrence inquiry and one ofthe reasons we’re doing it again isbecause the issues of bullying, violence, and attacks by young peopleon other young people seem moreprevalent than ever. And while thisisn’t meant to be a magic wand tomake things go away, it’s a storywhich makes people ask the questions and address those issues.The idea of young people exertingtheir power over other young peopleis something we are a lot moreaware of now. It has always goneon, and I don’t think it’s necessarilyincreased, but some of the scale andseverity, particularly in terms of knifeand gun crime, has increased andcertainly become more visible. Wefind out a lot more instantly becauseof the media and the internet, in a!Golding wrote this play in the aftermath of the Second World War. Hesaw the horrific things that peopledid to each other when they foundthemselves in desperate situations.As a writer he had to find a metaphor, the behaviour of young boys, tostand for the behaviour of all mankind. Golding’s dystopian view ofthings going terribly wrong, is comingtrue, and we can see for ourselvesthat extreme situations do bring outextreme reactions. All sorts of atrocities are played out on our screens,from Afghanistan and Iraq, fromHammersmith to Columbine.There’s a number of programmesthat have been created in theshadow of Lord of the Flies, from I’ma Celebrity and to all those Castaway type programmes. There waseven a reconstruction of a mini Lordof the Flies when a group of childrenwere left alone in a large house. Wehave a fascination with wanting tosee how people react in those situations. Lost is a very similar idea as apiece of TV drama. In this century,since 9/11, we seem to be living between something. We’ve had thestart of something and we haven’thad the final chapter. This affectsthe kind of drama people are writing:things that are apocalyptic and, likeLost, don’t have any end. We areliving in an uncharted, unstable worldunder threat from climate change,food shortages, terrorism and war.In the novel, the cataclysmic event,which the boys believe has happened to the rest of the world, is theatom bomb. Young people todaywonder whether there will be a worldfor them to grow up into. It is easy tosee how a group of boys then, justas now, could believe they might bethe only people left alive in the world.www.pilot-theatre.com! !!!!!6

Lord of the Flies Education Resource PackSir William Golding - novelistNobel Prize for Literature 1983 1911 Golding is born in Cornwalland educated at MarlboroughGrammar School and BrasenoseCollege Oxford. He works as anactor, a lecturer, a sailor, a musician and finally a school teacher 1939-45 The Second World War Golding joins the Royal Navy(1940) and sees action againstbattleships, submarines and aircraft. He is present at the sinkingof the Bismarck“after the war.I had discovered whatone man could do to another. [whatcould be done] skillfully, coldly, byeducated men, doctors, lawyers, bymen with a tradition of civilization behind them, to beings of their ownkind.”!William Golding in his essay “Fable”! !1954 Lord of The Flies published 6th May – Roger Bannister runs amile in under 4 minutes May 7 Vietnamese communistsunder Ho Chi Minh defeat Frenchcolonial forces at Dien Bien Phuon. a remote French garrison.This sets in motion the turbulentevents that would lead to America's costliest war. 2nd July - End of food rationing inBritain 1946 The Cold War begins,Churchill gives a famous speech,declaring that an Iron Curtain hasfallen across Europe 1950-54 Britain involved in theKorean War Golding teaches at Bishop Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury 19