VIRGINIA STANDARDS OF LEARNINGSpring 2011 Released TestGRADE 5READINGForm R0111, CORE 1Property of the Virginia Department of EducationCopyright 2011 by the Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Education, P.O. Box 2120, Richmond, Virginia23218-2120. All rights reserved. Except as permitted by law, this material may not be reproduced or used in any form orby any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrievalsystem, without written permission from the copyright owner. Commonwealth of Virginia public school educators mayreproduce any portion of these released tests for non-commercial educational purposes without requesting permission.All others should direct their written requests to the Virginia Department of Education, Division of Student Assessmentand School Improvement, at the above address or by e-mail to Student [email protected]

ReadingDirectionsRead the passage. Then read each question about the passage and choose the best answer.Fill in the circle on your answer document for the answer you have chosen.SAMPLE AAunt Jackie’s Ring1For Mary’s birthday, her aunt gave her a ring that was more than 100 years old. “Takegood care of it,” her aunt warned. She did just that until one day Mary looked down at herhand and noticed the ring was gone.2“Aunt Jackie is going to be so disappointed in me,” thought Mary. Then Mary rememberedshe put the ring in her pocket when she washed her hands at the sink. “Thank goodness!”Mary said to herself. After that, she never took off Aunt Jackie’s ring again.This story is mostly about —ABCDa normal dayMary’s aunta special ringMary’s birthday3

DirectionsYou do not need to read a passage to answer the following question. Read and answerthe question.SAMPLE BRead this sentence.“Mrs. Johnson is my favoriteteacher, and I really enjoy herclass,” Mario told his mother.In this sentence, the word enjoy means —FGHJlikehearnoticesave4

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Directions: Read the story and answer the questions that follow.Foolish Choice, Wise Lesson1Once there was a tailor named Nicholas who was known far and wide for making fineclothing. Nicholas took great pride in everything he made, which is why his shop wasoften busy. Every night Nicholas would retire to the small cottage behind his shop that heshared with his daughter, Tanya.2Tanya was a bright girl, but she was vain and spoiled. She wasted her days admiringherself in the mirror and brushing her long, beautiful hair. Her father’s shop was thebusiest in the village, but she would not pick up a needle to help him. When customerssang the praises of his well-made clothes, she snorted, “They are too plain.”3Nicholas loved his daughter, but he hoped to find a way to help her realize that beauty lieswithin. He worried that she did not value the things that were important. He becamepuzzled over the problem. One day help arrived in the form of the village peddler. EverySaturday the peddler drove his wagon past the shops and cottages in the village. He soldall kinds of goods, and people crowded around him to buy everything from kitchen pots tosilk dresses.4One Saturday while looking at the peddler’s goods, Nicholas was struck with an idea thatcould help Tanya. He purchased two small boxes. One was bright gold and covered withsparkling stones. The other was made of dark wood with worn edges and corners. At theend of the day, Nicholas found Tanya in the cottage. He showed her the two boxes. “Youmay have only one,” he told her. “Be careful how you choose.”5Tanya paid no attention to his warning because she was too drawn to the sparkling box.“Oh, Papa, there is no need to be careful! The wooden box is old and ugly, and I wouldbe too embarrassed to own it.” She quickly seized the other box, but she gasped whenshe saw the truth. “Papa!” she cried. “I thought this box was covered with diamonds, butthey are just pieces of glass!” Then she raised the lid. “This box is empty! Why would youwant to trick me?”6“Tanya,” Nicholas replied, “I care for you very much. I only want to teach you a valuablelesson. Look at the boxes closely, my dear. You will find that appearances are not alwayswhat they seem to be.”7As Tanya closed the box, she saw it as though with new eyes. Looking carefully at theedges of the box, she could see where the cheap golden paint was beginning to chip.Tanya picked away a flake of paint from the tin box. Thoughtfully, she glanced from hersoft fingers to the strong, creased hands of her father that looked worn from many yearsof hard work. Tanya looked at the box he held in his own hands. It could have been morethan one hundred years old. Its former owner had loved it well. The wood was well oiledand had a dark, pleasing shine. Despite the small bumps and scratches, it appearedcapable of lasting one hundred years more.6

8“Perhaps you should have made a more careful choice,” her father said. He took theglittering box from her hands and replaced it with the old, worn box. The smooth woodfelt cool against her palms, and inside was a beautiful carved bird resting on rich velvet.Tanya stared at the little bird and felt ashamed as she realized her father’s intention. Shelooked at him with sadness in her eyes and handed the box back to him.9“Papa, I understand what you wish to tell me. I have been very foolish. Something thathas a shiny and beautiful appearance is not always valuable. That which is inside makesan object beautiful.”10Nicholas smiled at his daughter. “You have learned a great lesson today from one smallbox. I hope that you will always remember that the worth of an item is often found onthe inside.”1The title tells the reader that the story will most likely include a —ABCD2surprisenew experiencewrong decisiongiftIn paragraph 1, the word retire means —FGHJtotototowithdraw to an areamove in a particular wayfind a desired locationremain in a place7

3The author includes paragraph 2 because it tells about —ABCD4In paragraph 4, why does the author use the phrase “struck with an idea”?FGHJ5Nicholas’s workTanya’s characterthe location of the villagethe items in the boxToToToTodescribe what Nicholas thought of the ideashow that the idea came to Nicholas suddenlyexplain how the idea scared Nicholastell that Nicholas was confused by the ideaIn paragraph 8, the word intention means —ABCDplanjobappearanceintelligence8

6In paragraph 8, Tanya most likely —FGHJ7Which sentence supports the idea that Tanya is concerned with appearances?ABCD8hopes to keep the carved birdregrets her actions toward her fatherplans to sell the worn boxdislikes the gift her father has given herSheSheSheSheworks to make fine clothes.crowds around the town peddler.spends her days looking in the mirror.stays in the cottage during the day.Nicholas feels that Tanya should be more —FGHJhopefulrelaxedgratefulsocial9

9Nicholas decides how he will teach Tanya a lesson when he —ABCD10Why does Tanya choose the sparkling box?FGHJ11is making fine clothessees the goods being sold by the peddlervisits people in the villagenotices the mirror in the cottageSheSheSheShewants the carved bird inside the box.wants to sell the box.likes the way the box looks.hopes to give the box as a gift.Based on the story, Nicholas can best be described as a —ABCDpopular workercautious manloving tailorcaring father10

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Directions: Read the article and answer the questions that follow.Let It Snow!1Many people greet winter snow with a smile. They love skiing, sledding, or just throwingsnowballs. They know that the snow will provide needed moisture when it melts. Forthese and other reasons, people often celebrate when the weather forecast calls for snow.Sometimes, though, snow fails to appear even when meteorologists predict it on theevening news. What conditions are needed to produce this frosty, white wonder?2When warm, moist air rises and then begins to cool, clouds will form. If the inside of acloud is cold enough, water will come into contact with bits of dirt and other materials toform snow crystals. Snow crystals also form when water vapor, which is the gas phase ofwater, turns to ice. Eventually a collection of these snow crystals may join together toform a snowflake. The many sides of these crystals reflect the sun’s visible white light. Asa result, the crystals appear to have a white color. As snowflakes grow heavy, they beginto fall toward the ground. Much can happen to a snowflake as it drifts earthward. Piecesof the crystals may become damaged or even melt as the crystals fall.3Conditions must be right for snow to reach the ground without melting. First, the air mustbe at or near freezing. Meteorologists use special instruments to determine whether theair is cold enough for snow. Other factors besides temperature are important too. For onething, the air must contain moisture. If the air is dry, there is no water to freeze and makesnow. Also, the air must be moving in order to allow the rising and cooling action totake place.4If conditions are right, snow can fall in some surprising places. Even deserts maysometimes experience a light dusting of snow across the land. Ordinarily, though, snowfalls at higher altitudes because of the colder temperatures there. This fact explains whyski resorts are built high in the mountains. In the towns below, less snow falls. Forexample, when the temperature is in the low forties in a city like Seattle, Washington,the temperature is in the low thirties in the nearby mountains, making it cold enoughfor snow.12

5The chart gives information about locations in the United States with the greatest amountof snowfall. Imagine how many snowflakes must exist in that much snow!Locations in the United States With the Greatest Snowfall12United States LocationsAverage YearlySnowfall in InchesValdez, Alaska326.0Mt. Washington, New Hampshire260.6Blue Canyon, California240.3Yakutat, Alaska195.3Marquette, Michigan141.0How does the author gain the reader’s attention in the first paragraph?FGHJByByByByasking for an opinion about snowmentioning reasons people enjoy snowexplaining how snow is predictedlisting some surprising facts about snow13

13Read this dictionary te ri al (m -tîr'e- l) n. 1. Clothor other fabric. 2. Ideas or notesthat can be worked up. 3. What anobject is made of. 4. Somethingthat is studied.eeWhich meaning of materials is used in paragraph 2?ABCD141234Read this sentence from paragraph 2.Much can happen to a snowflake as itdrifts earthward.Which word uses the suffix -ward as it is used in earthward?FGHJawkwardawardrewardbackward14

15Which would be the best heading for paragraph 4?ABCD16In paragraph 4, why does the author use the phrase “dusting of snow”?FGHJ17Where Snow FallsSkiing in the MountainsSnowing in the DesertsHow Snowflakes FormToToToToexplain that the snow looks dirtyshow that the snow falls quietlyillustrate the color of the snowdescribe the small amount of snowWhich of these best represents the main idea of the article?ABCDMany people like to have fun in the snow.Several conditions must occur for snow to appear.Snow falls in cities around the world.Thousands of snowflakes exist in a ball of snow.15

18What happens when snowflakes grow heavy inside a cloud?FGHJ19attract more crystals.slow their movement.fall toward the ground.freeze into a solid mass.This article would most likely be found in a book titled –ABCD20TheyTheyTheyTheyThe Wonder of Weather: What Makes It Change?Fun in the Snow: Games and Sports for Winter DaysThe Day the Snow Stopped and Other Weather StoriesA Collection of Winter Folktales From Around the WorldWhy did the author most likely write this article?FGHJToToToToexplain why ski resorts are gaining popularitylist reasons why snow falls during certain monthsdescribe the formation of snowdefine words used by meteorologists16

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Directions: Read the story and answer the questions that follow.Grandma Etta’s Wild Rice Soup1In 1888, the year that Leroyturned 10, he was told that hewould be spending the summerwith his Grandma Etta on herfarm in central Texas. Before heleft for his grandmother’s house,his mother had a few words tosay to him: “Now Leroy, you arenot going to stay with Grandmajust to let her cook for you allsummer. You need to help herout too.”2Leroy had to admit that the firstweek he was at Grandma Etta’s,he did just what his motherfeared. He defended his actionsby telling himself that Grandmaseemed to love cooking for him.In fact, she did not seem to mindat all. When his parents visited,however, he heard his mother’svoice from the kitchen.3“You teach him to work the way you taught me to work, Mama. I don’t want you to lethim sit here with his feet up while you cook and clean for him. That type of behavior willjust spoil him!”4After Leroy’s parents left, he watched Grandma Etta to see if she changed her treatmentof him, but she didn’t. Then one day she sighed, “I would sure like to make you some ofmy special soup, Leroy, but I can’t do it alone. It is the most difficult soup in the worldto make.”5Leroy thought of last summer when he had that delicious broth, the sliced pieces of okra,the chopped tomato, and the wild rice. His mouth began watering just thinking about thattasty soup. “I’ll be glad to help make it,” Leroy said.6Grandma Etta smiled after hearing Leroy’s words. “First, we need some wild rice,”Grandma Etta said.7Leroy turned to the cabinet and began rifling through its contents.8“Oh, it’s not in there,” she said. “It’s out there,” Grandma Etta replied as she pointed outthe window.18

9“Where?” Leroy asked, a bit confused. He could not imagine what Grandma Etta wasgoing to say.10“On the river,” Grandma answered.11Leroy soon found himself pulling the old canoe out of the chicken shed. It took him threedays to clean the canoe. Leroy thought about quitting, but he remembered that so