Transcription

NORSOK STANDARDLIFTING EQUIPMENT OPERATIONR-003Rev. 1, October 1997

Please note that whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the NORSOK standardsneither OLF nor TBL or any of their members will assume liability for any use thereof.

Lifting Equipment OperationR-003Rev. 1, October 1997CONTENTSFOREWORDINTRODUCTION331 SCOPE42 NORMATIVE REFERENCES43 DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS3.1 Definitions3.2 Abbreviations66104 MANAGEMENT OF LIFTING OPERATIONS4.1 Safe system of work4.2 Control of the lifting operations4.3 Contractual considerations4.4 Planning of the lifting operation4.5 Selection, responsibilities and minimum requirements for personnel1010111111115 SAFE USE OF LIFTING EQUIPMENT5.1 Requirements for documentation and marking5.2 Testing5.3 Instruction manuals5.4 Records5.5 Safe use1414151515156 INSPECTION, EXAMINATION AND TESTING6.1 General6.2 Regular inspection includes:6.3 Periodical control includes:6.4 Inspection of lifting equipment not in regular use includes:6.5 Inspection at end of design life1717171718187 SAFE USE OF LIFTING APPLIANCES7.1 General7.2 Offshore cranes7.3 Overhead travelling cranes/gantry cranes7.4 Wireline cranes/masts7.5 SPM mounted offshore crane (maritimised lorry loading crane)7.6 Winches and Hoists7.7 Tackles7.8 Beam trolleys (permanently mounted)7.9 Fixed load attachment points7.10 Temporary cranes7.11 BOP transporters1818181919192020212121228 SAFE USE OF LIFTING GEAR8.1 General8.2 Baskets8.3 Chain slings8.4 Wire rope slings8.5 Fibre slings222222242525NORSOK standardPage 1 of 35

Lifting Equipment OperationR-003Rev. 1, October 19978.6 Shackles8.7 Eyebolts and eyenuts8.8 Wire clamps8.9 Beam clamps and beam trolleys8.10 Turnbuckles8.11 Snatch blocks and sheave blocks8.12 Plate clamps8.13 Offshore containers8.14 Lashings8.15 Personal protective equipment against fall from heightsANNEX A: EXAMPLES OF LIFTING APPLIANCE AND LIFTING GEAR(INFORMATIVE)2526262626272728282830ANNEX B: EXAMPLE OF DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY AND CERTIFICATE OFAPPLICATION FOR LIFTING GEAR (INFORMATIVE)32ANNEX C: SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATION FOR SAFE USE OF CRANES(NORMATIVE)NORSOK standard34Page 2 of 35

Lifting Equipment OperationR-003Rev. 1, October 1997FOREWORDNORSOK (The competitive standing of the Norwegian offshore sector) is the industry initiative toadd value, reduce cost and lead time and remove unnecessary activities in offshore fielddevelopments and operations.The NORSOK standards are developed by the Norwegian petroleum industry as a part of theNORSOK initiative and are jointly issued by OLF (The Norwegian Oil Industry Association) andTBL (Federation of Norwegian Engineering Industries). NORSOK standards are administered byNTS (Norwegian Technology Standards Institution).The purpose of this industry standard is to replace the individual oil company specifications for usein future petroleum industry developments and operations, subject to the individual company'sreview and application.The NORSOK standards make extensive references to international standards. Where relevant, thecontents of this standard will be used to provide input to the international standardisation process.Subject to implementation into international standards, this NORSOK standard will be withdrawn.Annex A is informative.Annex B is informative.Annex C is normative.INTRODUCTIONThe primary purpose of this standard is to provide owners and users of lifting equipment on anoffshore installation with a framework and guidance to enable them to operate lifting equipment in asafe and efficient manner. The purpose of this standard is to focus on safe operation of liftingequipment in order to establish, maintain and further develop an adequate level of safety forpersonnel, the environment and for physical assets during planning and execution of liftingoperations.While preparing this standard, due considerations have been taken to Norwegian statutoryregulations, OLF guidelines, international and European standards and to operating companiesinternal specifications and procedures concerning the safe use of lifting appliances and lifting gear.Since this NORSOK standard gives information to many user groups special guidelines for thedifferent groups may need to be established.NORSOK standardPage 3 of 35

Lifting Equipment Operation1R-003Rev. 1, October 1997SCOPEThis NORSOK standard establishes requirements and guidelines for safe operation of liftingequipment in the petroleum activities. It covers lifting appliances and lifting gear used in connectionwith lifting operations offshore. It does not cover drilling hoisting tools on the drill floor or in thedrilling derrick specifically designed and used for drilling operations or in the support of suchoperations, neither does it cover safe use of lifts, trucks and suspended scaffolding. Examples oflifting equipment covered and not covered by this standard are shown in annex A.Subjects covered include safe systems of work, i.e., management, planning, operation, selection,inspection/examination/testing and maintenance of lifting appliances and lifting gear as applicableas well as the requirements for competence of crane operators, slingers and signalmen.2NORMATIVE REFERENCESThe following regulations and standards include provisions which, through reference in this text,constitute provisions of this NORSOK standard. Latest issue of the references shall be used unlessotherwise agreed. Other recognised standards may be used provided it can be shown that they meetor exceed the requirements of the regulations and standards referenced below.When an EN standard or prEN standard has been published covering the same field of applicationas a referenced ISO standard, the EN or prEN standard shall apply as provisions of this standard.Regulations:Directorate for labourInspectionNorwegian PetroleumDirectorateOrder no. 522The Supply of Machinery (Safety) RegulationsOrder no. 523Order no. 524Design of Protective EquipmentMinimum Health and Safety Requirements for theUse by Workers of Protective Equipment at theWorkplaceRegulations relating to systematic follow-up ofthe Working Environment in the PetroleumActivitiesYA-003EN Standards:Chain and Components:EN 818-1Short Link Chain for Lifting Purposes - Safety Part 1 : General Conditionsof AcceptanceEN 818-2Short Link Chain For Lifting Purposes - Safety Part 2 : Medium ToleranceChain for Chain Sling - Grade 8NORSOK standardPage 4 of 35

Lifting Equipment OperationprEN 818-4prEN 818-6prEN 818-7prEN 1677-1prEN 12195-1prEN 12195-2Fibre slings:pr. EN 1492-1pr. EN 1492-2Others:pr EN 12937EN 1050ISO Standards:ISO 7752-4ISO 4302ISO 8566-1ISO 8566-5ISO 7752-1ISO 10245-1ISO 9942-1ISO 4310ISO 4309ISO/DIS 1461ISO 7531ISO 2408ISO 8792ISO 8793ISO/DIS 12482-1ISO/DIS 99277-1ISO 9926-1R-003Rev. 1, October 1997Short Link Chain for Lifting Purposes - Safety Part 4 :Chain Slings - Grade 8Short Link Chain for Lifting Purposes - Safety Part 6 : Chain Slingsinstruction for Use And Maintenance.Short Link Chain for Lifting Purposes - Safety Part 7 : Fine Tolerance Chainfor Serial Hoists, Grade T. Types T, DT, DAT)Components for Slings - Safety. Forged Steel Components, Grade 8.Load Restraint Assemblies - Safety - Calculation of ForcesLoad Restraint Assemblies - Safety - Web Lashing Equipment made ofMan-made FibresTextile slings - Safety - Part 1 : Specification for flat woven Webbingslings made of Man-made fibres.Textile slings - Safety - Part 1 : Specification for Round-slings made ofMan-made Fibres.Safety Of Machinery - Technical Principles and Specifications for Mobilityand for Load Lifting.Safety of Machinery - Risk Assessment.Cranes - Controls - Layout and Characteristics - Part 4: Jib Cranes.Cranes - Wind Load AssessmentCranes - Cabins - Part 1: GeneralCranes Cabins - Part 5: Overhead Travelling CranesLifting Appliances - Controls- Layout - Characteristics - GeneralCranes - Limiting and Indicating Devices - GeneralCranes - Information Labels - GeneralCranes - Test Code and ProceduresWire Ropes - Code of Practice for Examination and DiscardHot dip galvanised Coatings on Fabricated Ferrous Products.Wire Rope Slings for general Purposes - Characteristics andSpecifications.Steel Wire Ropes for general Purposes.Wire Rope Sling - Safety Criteria and Inspection Procedures for Use.Steel Wire Ropes - Ferrule secured Eye Terminations.Condition Monitoring - GeneralCranes Inspection - GeneralTraining of Drivers. Part 1 - GeneralNorwegian Standards:Personal Protective Equipment against falls from heights:NS-EN 354LanyardsNS-EN 358Working Positioning SystemNS-EN 360Retractable type Fall ArrestersNS-EN 361Full Body HarnessNORSOK standardPage 5 of 35

Lifting Equipment OperationR-003Rev. 1, October 1997NS-EN 365NS-EN 813General Requirements for Instruction for Use and MarkingSit harnessOthers:NS-1850NS-1851NS-EN 292-1NS-EN 292-2EyeboltsEyenutsSafety Of Machinery - Basic Concepts - General Principles for Design Part 1Safety Of Machinery - Basic Concepts - General Principles for Design Part 2NORSOK Standard:R-002Lifting EquipmentDNV:DNV CN 2.7-1DNV CN 2.7-2Offshore Freight Containers - Design and CertificationOffshore Service Containers - Design and CertificationUS Federal Specifications:RR-C-271 CShackles. Type IV, Class 6FF-T-79-BTurnbucklesOLF Guideline:022:Recommended Guidelines for Safety Requirements of Hired EquipmentILO:152Convention concerning Occupational Safety3DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS3.1DefinitionsTerms and phrases within the scope of this standard not defined herein shall be regarded as definedin the regulations and international codes and standards referred to in this document.CheckA visual and functional assessment (not a test) of the condition of the crane without dismantling.Competent checkerMeans a person in an enterprise of competence who has sufficient theoretical knowledge, practicalexperience and understanding of the lifting equipment required to carry out the functionsatisfactorily.Competent personMeans a person in an enterprise of competence who has sufficient theoretical knowledge andpractical experience to understand the lifting equipment design, its function, to performcalculations, examinations and testing as required and to issue a certificate of application and othercertificates prescribed by the authorities.NORSOK standardPage 6 of 35

Lifting Equipment OperationR-003Rev. 1, October 1997Detachable lifting equipmentRemovable below hook equipment for lifting appliances providing a link between the liftingappliance and the load being lifted and are detachable and easy to separate from the lifting appliancewithout disassembly. Examples of detachable lifting equipment are shown in annex A.Dangerous goodsGoods classified and labelled according to the IMDG code.Enterprise of competenceUnit within the operating companies organisation, another company or institution with adequatecompetence (theoretical knowledge and practical experience) to understand the design, calculationsand operation of lifting equipment and with the ability to carry out the necessary examinations andtests and issue the prescribed certificates.ExaminationVerification that the crane can safely continue in service including a functional test of all safetydevices i.e. limiting, indicating equipment, brakes, clutches etc. to verify that they operate within therequired tolerances. An examination is more thorough than an inspection.Fixed load attachment pointsFixed load attachment points are padeyes, lifting beams, foundation for winches, "buckets" forwireline cranes and beams for use of beam clamps.InspectionLooking at the crane for defects and checking the operation of the controls, limiting and indicatingdevices without loading the crane. This is much more than a casual glance but does not normallyrequire any part of the crane to be dismantled.Lifting applianceMachine or appliance used for the purpose of lifting goods and materials, or in special casespersonnel. Examples of lifting appliances are given in Annex A.Lifting componentsLifting components are elements not attached to the lifting appliance and placed between the liftingappliance and the load or on the load in order to attach it.Lifting equipmentThe term lifting equipment is used in this standard as a common expression for lifting appliances,lifting gear and lifting components used together or separately.Examples of lifting equipment are given in Annex A.Lifting gearLifting gear means chain, shackles, rings, hooks, swivels, drum fasteners, steel plate clips, blocks,loading pallets and chain, wire or rope slings etc. which do not form parts of the permanentarrangement to the lifting appliance. Examples of lifting gear are given in Annex A.NORSOK standardPage 7 of 35

Lifting Equipment OperationR-003Rev. 1, October 1997Man over board boatBoat which is launched by dedicated davits or by an offshore crane for rapid rescue of personnel.Offshore craneSlewing crane permanently mounted on an offshore installation, primarily intended for materialshandling to and from supply vessels.Note: Offshore cranes are cranes used on fixed platforms, Floating Production System (FPS),drilling rigs, floating crane vessels, service vessels (supply boat, diving vessel) etc. where the load,the crane or both are subjected to dynamic stresses imposed from environmental impact caused bya combination of sea and wind forces.Offshore containerTransport unit for more than one trip for transport of goods or equipment, which shall be handled inopen sea - to/from; - installation and ship.The unit includes equipment for lifting, handling, filling, emptying, cooling and heating.Note: Offshore containers are categorised in to two types :1. Offshore freight containersa. Freight containers for dangerous goodsb. Freight containers for non-dangerous goods not covered by the IMDG-code.2. Offshore service containersOffshore containers produced and equipped for a special use, mainly for temporary installation.Other lifting appliancesLifting appliances used internally on