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Basic Computer SkillsModule 2Software Concepts

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsBasic Computer Skills Module 2Software BasicsSummaryGoal:Know the fundamentals of operatingsystems.SMART Objectives:Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, andTime-sensitiveBy the end of this module, students should be ableto:BCS 2.1: Identify the fundamentalprinciples of operating systems.BCS 2.2: Understand the basic functions ofthe Windows 7 operating system.Instructor: Computer InstructorDelivery Methods: Hands-on lab Lecture Group WorkLength:Two TopicsTotal of 4-6 hoursAny Applicable Business and/or Soft Skills?Corresponding NLS Lesson #?Take Away Message(s):Knowing the fundamental principles of operating systems will enable transcribers-intraining to maximize the use of operating systems and demonstrate basic diagnosticprocedures and troubleshooting techniques necessary to perform preventivemaintenance on desktops, laptops and portable devices.Basic Computer Skills Module 2-1

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsInstructor PreparationTitle of Module: Software ConceptsThe intent of this module is to provide students with a basic understanding of thesoftware involved in operating a computer.The following are potential introductory remarks as well as relevant context orbackground information that may be useful for the instructor.This module was written to explain the Windows 7 operating system to students. Theinstructor should be aware that some students may use other operating systems suchas Windows XP or Mac OS when they purchase their own systems. Whenever possible,point out to students the similarities/improvements made between Windows XP andWindows 7. If possible, it may be a good idea to expose students to information aboutthe latest Mac OS (iOS 5 at the time of this writing).Technology is ever evolving. Thus, certain topics/information in this module maychange or become obsolete during the course of instruction. It is a good idea for theinstructor to review all content for accuracy and relevance, and to be prepared topresent updated information if necessary.Agenda – topics to be covered in the module and length of each itemTopic: Software BasicsTime Allotted: 4-6 hoursA. Operating Systems(2-3 hours)B. Introduction to Windows 7(2-3 hours)Materials & Supplies – items needed in order to carry out the agenda and classroom activities1. Introduction to Windows 7 (2.A.4) video2. Computer using Windows 7 operating system3. A good selection of computer catalogs that include information on software and avariety of operating systems.4. A screen and projectorBasic Computer Skills Module 2-2

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software Basics5. Handouts for activities:Topic A – Operating SystemsOperating Systems PowerPoint (2.A.1)Operating Systems Layers Sheet (2.A.2)Compare Operating Systems Sheet (2.A.3)Classroom Preparation – steps to follow when setting up the learning environment1. Have a projector and screen available to share the Windows 7 video withstudents.Basic Computer Skills Module 2-3

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsCurriculum ContentA. Operating Systems(2-3 hours)Objective BCS 2.1: Identify the fundamental principles of operating systems. PREINSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITIESDiscuss the objectives for this module. Explain that this lesson will provide a betterunderstanding of different types of operating systems most commonly found incomputers.Lead the students in a discussion of their knowledge and/or experience with differentoperating systems. Ask students open-ended questions that will facilitate discussion,such as: Can you state the purpose and functions of an operating system?What are some of the most popular systems used in desktop and notebookcomputers today?Which operating systems are popular for portable devices? CONTENT PRESENTATION AND LEARNER PARTICIPATIONIdentify and discuss the vocabulary used in this module. Explain to students that theywill be viewing a slideshow and video to help them better understand the vocabulary. Operating systemWindows menuMicrosoft WindowsDirectory/FolderExplorerControl panelTask barSystem trayFirewallSecurityOpen and project the Operating Systems PowerPoint (2.A.1). Use thepresentation to give a basic overview of the most popular types of operating systemsand their basic functions.Basic Computer Skills Module 2-4

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsNext read through the Operating System Layers sheet (2.A.2) to help themunderstand the five basic layers of an operating system – the kernel, memorymanagement, input/output, file management, and user interface. ASSESSMENTRemind students of the most popular operating systems – Windows, Linux, and Apple.Then, have students compare versions of 3 common operating systems – WindowsVista, Windows 7, and Mac OS X using the Compare Operating Systems sheet(2.A.3).B. Introduction to Windows 7(2-3 hours)Objective BCS 2.2: Understand the basic functions of Windows 7 operating system. PREINSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITIESDiscuss the objectives for this module. Explain that this lesson will provide a betterunderstanding of Windows 7, the newest operating system from Microsoft.Lead the students in a discussion of their knowledge and/or experience with previousversions of Microsoft Windows – NT, Vista, and XP. CONTENT PRESENTATION AND LEARNER PARTICIPATIONExplain that Windows 7 is the newest release from Microsoft, and is similar to Vista.According to Microsoft, Windows 7 has been designed to make production ofdocuments easier for users.You may also want to mention that Microsoft is currently developing Windows 8, andthat more information will be available soon.Show the video Introduction to Windows 7 (2.A.4).Explain to students that Windows 7 comes in several versions, each with specificcharacteristics to match the end users. Each student should fold a sheet of (8 1/2 x 11)paper into 4 sections and head the paper Windows 7 Versions. They should label asfollows:Basic Computer Skills Module 2-5

PROFITT CurriculumFEATURESModule # 2 – Software BasicsHome PremiumProfessionalUltimate ASSESSMENTDistribute the computing catalogs to students and have them find information abouteach version of Windows 7 to complete the chart. When they are done, have studentsbrainstorm scenarios in which one version may work better than another for consumers.Basic Computer Skills Module 2-6

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsBasic Computer SkillsModule 2Software Concepts HandoutsBasic Computer Skills Module 2-7

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsBasic Computer Skills Module 2-8

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsBasic Computer Skills Module 2-9

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsBasic Computer Skills Module 2-10

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsTopic A – Operating SystemsOperating System Layers – BCS 2.A.2Operating System LayersRead this summary of the operating system layers taken perating-System&id 2575762.Operating systems are broken down into five layers.Layer 1: The Kernel--the bottom most layerThe kernel is the heart of the operating system. Among its responsibilities are ensuringthat each running process is given a fair amount of time to execute while alsocontrolling the amount of resources each process can use. The kernel is the essentialcenter of a computer operating system - the core that provides basic services for allother parts of the operating systemRead more:http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What is the kernel of an operating system#ixzz1Vt5bMjoaLayer 2: Memory Management- act of managing computer memoryThe name of this layer gives you a good idea what it is all about. It is the responsibilityof this layer to share the computers physical memory among the processes which wantto use it. It also has to manage such situations where there may not be enoughphysical memory to share out.Layer 3: Input/OutputOn this layer, all the physical communication is between the computer’s hardware.When you first turn on the PC, the microprocessor (the CPU) needs to begin executinginstructions to various components on the PC, and dealing with data that is stored onthe hard drive. This exchange of data into the CPU and out of the CPU is called BasicI/O (Input Output), and the information on how to do this is stored on a small ROMchip mounted on the motherboard, which contains the instructions known as the BIOS Basic Input Output System.Layer 4: File ManagementBasic Computer Skills Module 2-11

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsAgain, the name of this layer may give you a clue as to what it does. It is the job of thislayer to control how the files on your computer’s hard drive are stored and accessed byany application seeking to use them.Layer 5: The User Interface.The last element or layer as we have been calling them, of an operating system is theUser Interface. This layer is probably the easiest of all to understand since it is the firstthing you see when your operating system has logged you in. It is the job of this layerto provide a means for the user to actually interact with the rest of the layers and assuch the system as a whole.Keep in mind there are two different types of User interfaces. The first one is probablythe one you are most familiar with, the graphical user interface, which is where you seewindows and icons for each of your files and so on.The second is a command line interface, or text based interface where a user wouldinteract with the system using text based commands.2.A.2Basic Computer Skills Module 2-12

PROFITT CurriculumModule # 2 – Software BasicsTopic A – Operating SystemsCompare Operating Systems – BCS 2.A.3Comparing and Contrast Popular Operating SystemsDirections You are going to use various computer catalogs to create a table comparing 3 of the most popular operatingsystems. Keep in mind there are many others wsVistaWindows7Mac OS2.A.3Basic Computer Skills Module 2-13