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Books & DVDsReid Memorial LibraryLewis & Clark Community CollegeBOOKSReid Memorial Library’s online catalog has a citation feature located above the title of a selected bookcalled “Cite this.” Clicking it will cause a box to appear with the APA formatting. You mayhighlight/copy/paste the information, but be aware that you will need to tweak it after pasting.One AuthorA reference may look like this after use of the copy/paste feature:Levine, Melvin D. (2002) A mind at a time /New York : Simon & Schuster,A reference should look like this:Replace backslashwith a period.Levine, M. D. (2002). A mind at a time. New York : Simon & Schuster.*How to reference this in your paper:Beginning of the sentence: Levine (2002) states that End of the sentence: (Levine, 2002).Exception—Direct quote/paraphrase:Beginning of the sentence: Levine (2002, p. 264) End of the sentence: (Levine, 2002, p. 264).Two or Three AuthorsAfter pasting, your entry may resemble the following:Note the changes tothe author informationand punctuation.Bodrova, Elena.Leong, Deborah. (2007) Tools of the mind :the Vygotskian approach to early childhood education UpperSaddle River, N.J. : Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall,It should look like this:Bodrova, E. & Leong, D. (2007). Tools of the mind: The Vygotskian approach to earlychildhood education. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Merrill PrenticeHall.*How to reference this in your paper:At the beginning of the sentence: Bodrova & Leong (2001) states that At the end of the sentence: (Bodrova & Leong, 2001).Exception—Direct quote/paraphrase:Beginning: Bodrova & Leon (2001, p. 264) End: (Bodrova & Leon, 2001, p. 264).

Books & DVDsAPA—American Psychological AssociationEditions Other Than the FirstIf the book in question is not a first edition, it should be formatted in the followingmanner:Author last name, first initial. (Year of publication in parentheses). Title of the book in italics (editionnumber in parentheses.). City of publication: Name of publishing company.Example:Hockenbury, D. & Hockenbury, S. (2010). Discovering psychology (5th ed.). New York: Worth.Chapter/Article in an Edited BookA reference may look like this after use of the copy/paste feature:Pecora, Norma Odom., Murray, John P.Wartella, Ellen. (Eds.) (2007) Children and television :fiftyyears of research Mahwah, N.J. : Lawrence Erlbaum,What you actually need (with or without the copy/paste feature):Author last name, First initial. (Year of publication in parentheses). Title of chapter/article. Editor firstinitial and last name (Eds.), Title of the book in italics (pp. pages of chapter not initalics). City, State of publication if given: Name of publisher.A reference should look like this:Schmidt, M. E. & Anderson, D. R. (2007). Big Bird and moral development. In N. O. Pecora, J. P.Murray, & E. Wartella (Eds.), Children and television: Fifty years of research (pp. 72100). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.*How to reference in your paper: Use author name of the essay/chapter etc., not the book’s editor.At the beginning of a sentence: Schmidt & Anderson (2007) state At the end of a sentence: (Schmidt & Anderson, 2007).Exception—Direct quote/Paraphrase:Beginning of the sentence: Schmidt & Anderson (2007, pp. 81-82) End of the sentence: (Schmidt & Anderson, 2007, pp. 81-82).Note the changes to the authorinformation and punctuation. Inthe example above, Schmidt andAnderson are the authors of theessay/chapter and “pp. 72-100”refers to the page numbers onwhich the full essay/chapter canbe found. “Eds.” is an abbreviationfor “Editors.”

Books & DVDsAPA—American Psychological AssociationNo Copy/Paste FeatureIf a copy/paste feature isn’t an option for a book, here is generally what you need andhow it should look (for more than one author/editor or a chapter/article in a book, seeprevious examples):Author last name, first initial. (Year of publication in parentheses). Title of the book initalics. City of publication: Name of publishing company.Example:Hockenbury, D. & Hockenbury, S. (2010). Discovering psychology. New York: Worth.NOTE: APA encourages, but does not require, including page numbers wheninformation is paraphrased. If you include the page number, it should be referenced atthe beginning or end of the sentence respectively: “According to Elkind (1998,p.317) ” OR (Elkind, 1998, p. 317).DVDsThe Reid Memorial Library catalog has a citation feature located above the title of a selected videocalled “Cite This.” Upon clicking it, a box will appear with the APA formatting. You mayhighlight/copy/paste the information, but be aware that you will need to tweak it just a bit after pasting.Your entry may resemble the example below:Piaget, Jean,Elkind, David. (Eds.) (1989) Piaget's developmental theoryan overview San Luis Obispo, Calif.: Davidson Films,It should look like this:Piaget, J. & Elkind, D. (Eds.). (1989). Piaget's developmental theory: An overview. San Luis Obispo, CA.:Davidson Films.If a copy/paste feature is not available, here’s what you need:Last name, First initial of producer or editor. (Prod. or Ed. In parentheses). (Year inparentheses). Title of film in italics. City and State abbreviation ofproduction: Production Company name.*How to reference in your paper: In the film Piaget’s developmental theory (Piaget & Elkind, 1989),cognitive development

APA RemindersUse initials instead of an author’s or editor’s full name.Only the first letter of the first word of a title is capitalized.Same with the first word after a colon. Exception: Propername(s).Use the “&” symbol instead of the word and when listingmore than one author.Use a period after both the year in parentheses and thepublisher.APA encourages, but does not require, including pagenumbers when information is paraphrased. If youinclude the page number, it should be referenced atthe beginning or end of the sentence respectively:“According to Elkind (1998, p.317) ” OR (Elkind, 1998, p.317).All sources should be listed in alphabetical order bylast name.

A General Note About Citing Sources All sources are listed in alphabetical order. Book titles and periodical titles (magazines,journals, newspapers) are italicized. Titles of chapters by different authors andtitles of periodical articles (from magazines,journals, and newspapers) are indicated byindicating all terms (except the first letter ofthe first word and proper names) in lowercase letters. Library information is NOT required. Most databases include the citationinformation with the source. You mayhighlight and copy/paste the information toa word processing document. Simply deletewhat is not needed, and add what is, afterpasting. If author information is unavailable, use thefirst two or three words of the title in its place(ignoring such words as a, an, and the).